• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did Prohibition fail?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did Prohibition fail? National Prohibition of alcohol (nineteen twenty - nineteen thirty-three)--the "noble experiment" or the Eighteenth Amendment, Is one of the biggest mistakes of the Untied States. It was undertaken to reduce crime and corruption, solve social problems, reduce the tax burden created by prisons and poorhouses, and improve health and hygiene in America. The results of that experiment clearly indicate that it was a miserable failure on all counts. Prohibition, also known as the Eighteenth Amendment, was ratified on January twenty nine, nineteen twenty and was repealed on December fifth, nineteen thirty-three with the ratification of the Twenty-first Amendment which nullified Prohibition. The Eighteenth Amendment stated that it was illegal to manufacture, transport, and sell alcoholic beverages in the United States. It was a good attempt to solve problems, but America went about it the wrong way. She instead, created even more problems such as organized crime, increased alcohol consumption, over crowded prison systems, and the surge in the growth of the Mafia. Not only was this a step in the wrong direction, it was an action that increased the problems that America was already facing. People believed that Prohibition would fail and that it was a violation of a person's privacy while other people thought that Prohibition would do nothing but improve America. ...read more.

Middle

The biggest bootlegger and gangster at the time was the Italian Al Capone known as "Scar Face." He became rich and powerful mainly because of Prohibition. He was so powerful that he was in charge of different ethnic groups - Italians, Poles, Jews and Blacks. His control was based in Chicago. This man was a key player in the failure of Prohibition, mainly because of his control of nearly everyone. He got control by bribing officials such as the police and judges. He became even more powerful when he paid two hundred and fifty thousand dollars to get his friend, Big Bill Thompson elected mayor of Chicago. Al was a popular man because he combined violence and charity. Al Capone set up parties with alcohol and famous entertainers. He brought wealth and excitement to Chicago. He was extremely popular because "Time" magazine put him on the front cover, this was not a bribe and the "Time" knew that if he was on the front then people would buy the magazine to know about him. Al Capone called himself a businessman but not a gangster because he provided what the people wanted. He was involved in extreme violence such as the St Valentine's Day Massacre. The government lost so much money enforcing this new law which was broken. ...read more.

Conclusion

Corruption even extended to the federal government where as thirty percent of them were against Prohibition. One of the main reasons why Prohibition ended was because of the St. Valentine Massacre. This was one of the biggest gang fights ever whereas Al Capone's men killed seven gangsters. This was the turning point. People saw that Prohibition was causing so much gang violence and people wanted to give up the 'noble experiment'. Some women went out in the streets protesting for the end of Prohibition the same as the women who went up to pass Prohibition. The case was changed because of the Great Depression because if you legalize alcohol it can create employment and prosperity. President Roosevelt legalized alcohol on December fifth, nineteen thirty-three after thirteen years of Prohibition. Prohibition did not achieve its goals. Instead, it added to the problems it was intended to solve and supplanted other ways of addressing them. The only beneficiaries of Prohibition were bootleggers and the crime bosses. When Prohibition was abolished in nineteen thirty-three, crime dramatically went down, including organized crime, and corruption. Jobs were created, and new voluntary efforts, such as alcoholics anonymous, which were created in nineteen thirty-four, succeeded in helping alcoholics. Prohibition was also used in several other countries such as Finland in nineteen nineteen with minimal results. Society needs to open their eyes and not let history repeat itself. Prohibition is obviously not the way. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. Prohibition bound to fail?

    The statistics given do not give the total proportion of illegal stills and gallons of spirits seized. This gives so idea of how many actually existed. However it can be seen that the overall numbers of illegal stills and gallons of spirits seized have gradually increased over the years.

  2. Why did prohibition fail? - Gangsters, Widespread illegal drinking, lack of support, impossibility of ...

    "The men tell me they will not indict men for offences they are committing themselves." Politicians were openly partnership with crime. Mayor Big Bill Thompson declared that he was "as wet as the middle of the Atlantic Ocean." The government estimated that in 1929 700 million gallons of home-brewed beer was produced in the USA.

  1. To What extent was Prohibtion doomed to fail from its inception?

    The Democrat Party split over the issue of prohibition, with much of the party supporting the continuation of prohibition and the remainder of the party opposing the decision to continue with national prohibition, led by Catholic Irish American Al Smith.

  2. The USA: Was prohibition bound to fail?

    Rockefeller states that "I hoped that [prohibition] would be widely supported..." - showing that industrialists believed the success of prohibition to be possible, and successful industrialists evidently had a clear view of the human mind. This evidence suggests vaguely that prohibition did indeed have a chance of success.

  1. Was Prohibition bound to Fail

    This was because most of the time his superior officers were involved in it and were taking bribes so that the saloon will stay open. The superior officers would make sure that he turns a blind eye and the gangsters would give him a bit of money.

  2. History - Prohibition

    For example, in 1921, 414,000 gallons of spirits were seized by the enforcing agents. However, by 1929, this had increased to 11,860,000 gallons. Therefore, at face value, source G shows that prohibition failed. This is due to the fact that from 1921 to 1929, there had been an increase in

  1. Was Prohibition bound to fail? - source related study.

    The source also quotes that 'the law says that liquor must not be manufactured'. This is correct however my own knowledge tells me this did not eventuate as the case, and Source G, which shows a huge rise in the gallons of spirit seized between 1921 and 1929, supports this.

  2. Economic Problems - What was the state of the coalfield 1919-39?

    The miners who were on strike did not like this and there were angry demonstrators when the working miners would come to work. The Police would have to escort the miners to work. The workers would be called 'scabs' or 'blacklegs.'

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work