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Why did Prohibition fail?

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Introduction

Why did Prohibition fail? National Prohibition of alcohol (nineteen twenty - nineteen thirty-three)--the "noble experiment" or the Eighteenth Amendment, Is one of the biggest mistakes of the Untied States. It was undertaken to reduce crime and corruption, solve social problems, reduce the tax burden created by prisons and poorhouses, and improve health and hygiene in America. The results of that experiment clearly indicate that it was a miserable failure on all counts. Prohibition, also known as the Eighteenth Amendment, was ratified on January twenty nine, nineteen twenty and was repealed on December fifth, nineteen thirty-three with the ratification of the Twenty-first Amendment which nullified Prohibition. The Eighteenth Amendment stated that it was illegal to manufacture, transport, and sell alcoholic beverages in the United States. It was a good attempt to solve problems, but America went about it the wrong way. She instead, created even more problems such as organized crime, increased alcohol consumption, over crowded prison systems, and the surge in the growth of the Mafia. Not only was this a step in the wrong direction, it was an action that increased the problems that America was already facing. People believed that Prohibition would fail and that it was a violation of a person's privacy while other people thought that Prohibition would do nothing but improve America. ...read more.

Middle

The biggest bootlegger and gangster at the time was the Italian Al Capone known as "Scar Face." He became rich and powerful mainly because of Prohibition. He was so powerful that he was in charge of different ethnic groups - Italians, Poles, Jews and Blacks. His control was based in Chicago. This man was a key player in the failure of Prohibition, mainly because of his control of nearly everyone. He got control by bribing officials such as the police and judges. He became even more powerful when he paid two hundred and fifty thousand dollars to get his friend, Big Bill Thompson elected mayor of Chicago. Al was a popular man because he combined violence and charity. Al Capone set up parties with alcohol and famous entertainers. He brought wealth and excitement to Chicago. He was extremely popular because "Time" magazine put him on the front cover, this was not a bribe and the "Time" knew that if he was on the front then people would buy the magazine to know about him. Al Capone called himself a businessman but not a gangster because he provided what the people wanted. He was involved in extreme violence such as the St Valentine's Day Massacre. The government lost so much money enforcing this new law which was broken. ...read more.

Conclusion

Corruption even extended to the federal government where as thirty percent of them were against Prohibition. One of the main reasons why Prohibition ended was because of the St. Valentine Massacre. This was one of the biggest gang fights ever whereas Al Capone's men killed seven gangsters. This was the turning point. People saw that Prohibition was causing so much gang violence and people wanted to give up the 'noble experiment'. Some women went out in the streets protesting for the end of Prohibition the same as the women who went up to pass Prohibition. The case was changed because of the Great Depression because if you legalize alcohol it can create employment and prosperity. President Roosevelt legalized alcohol on December fifth, nineteen thirty-three after thirteen years of Prohibition. Prohibition did not achieve its goals. Instead, it added to the problems it was intended to solve and supplanted other ways of addressing them. The only beneficiaries of Prohibition were bootleggers and the crime bosses. When Prohibition was abolished in nineteen thirty-three, crime dramatically went down, including organized crime, and corruption. Jobs were created, and new voluntary efforts, such as alcoholics anonymous, which were created in nineteen thirty-four, succeeded in helping alcoholics. Prohibition was also used in several other countries such as Finland in nineteen nineteen with minimal results. Society needs to open their eyes and not let history repeat itself. Prohibition is obviously not the way. ...read more.

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