• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did prohibition fail?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did prohibition fail? There was once a time when an individual could not sit down and have a beer or mixed alcoholic drink legally after a long days work. At this time the American Government felt they needed to reduce drinking by eliminating the businesses that manufactured, distributed, imported, exported and sold intoxicating liquor. This was called Prohibition. Political and religious leaders were beginning to associate alcohol consumption with the rising coincidence of crime, poverty, and violence. They believed the only way to protect society from this threat was to eliminate the "drunkard-making business." No one can really say whether Prohibition worked or not, or if it helped or not, but this paper will outline some of the reasons why prohibition was started, and why it was reversed. Soon after the 18th Amendment came the National Prohibition Act, better known as the Volstead Act. It was called the Volstead act because it was introduced by Andrew Volstead of Minnesota in 1919. The Volstead Act was enacted on October, 28 1919. ...read more.

Middle

It is said that the most notorious gangster and bootlegger was Al Capone. During this time Capone, along with Johnny Torrio, "Bugs Moran", and the O'Banions, established many speakeasies in Chicago, Illinois. Bootleggers smuggled liquor from overseas and Canada, stole it from government warehouses, and produced their own. With only 1,550 federal agents to cover 18,700 miles of "vast and virtually un-policeable coastline", it was clearly impossible to prevent mass quantities of liquor from entering the country. Only 5 percent of smuggled liquor was stopped from coming into the country in the 1920s. The exception under the Volstead Act for wine being used for sacramental purposes was also abused. In 1925, the Department of Research and Education of the Federal Council of the Churches of Christ reported that: "The withdrawal of wine on permit from bonded warehouses for sacramental purposes amounted in round figures to 2,139,000 gallons in the fiscal year 1922; 2,503,500 gallons in 1923; and 2,944,700 gallons in 1924. The demand for sacramental purposes rose 800,000 gallons in two years. ...read more.

Conclusion

The AAPA believed that thru Prohibition our Government might "permanently compromise the tradition of individual freedom". The goal of the AAPA was to get Congress to submit a 21st Amendment to the Constitution, which would repeal the 18th Amendment. They wanted to present this in a way in which "dry" legislators could not present a challenge to ratification. Congress then for the first time since the Constitution was ratified called for ratifying conventions in each of the states. Delegates were elected strictly by their answer of "yes", or "no" to the 21st Amendment. The elections of the delegates in 1933 ended up in a repeal vote of almost 73%. I still have mixed feelings about Prohibition because I couldn't imagine it actually taking place. I would have to see it to believe it. From what I have read and learned during researching to write this paper, I would say it did not work because the unwanted results outnumbered the benefits. There was more crime during Prohibition than ever before and not many changes in overall society except that they had to deal with organized gangs and the illegal liquor traders to obtain the once legal product. Julian Phillips GCSE History Coursework 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. Prohibition bound to fail?

    this meant that more and more people were breaking the law and prohibition was not successful.

  2. To What extent was Prohibtion doomed to fail from its inception?

    "As early as 1905, it was being marketed as 'The Grand National Temperance Drink'. Output had been increasing impressively fro 17.4 million cases in the 1880s to 113 million by 1920. During the period when Prohibition was in force, this rose to 182 million.

  1. Was Prohibition Bound To Fail?

    What these statistics didn't show was just exactly how many people they didn't stop! Source G shows the amount of gallons seized, but unfortunately it doesn't mention how many stills there were out there at the time. Same with the stills.

  2. (Q1) Describe some of the key features of Americn society in the 1920's?

    As the car, industry made profits so did the other companies such as oil, coal and the chemical industry. The demand for cars also increased the demand for steel and oil therefore the steel industry (which was run by Carneqie)

  1. FDR Research Paper

    When he would have any conferences, he would sit in his wheelchair with it under a table or somehow hidden. To get to be the President, Roosevelt was many political figures. He was the New York State Senator, from the years 1911 to 1913.

  2. The Illinois and Michigan Canal

    Today, there are many Irish residents in Chicago because of all the Irish immigrants who were canal workers in the 1830s to 1850s. Meantime state internal improvements were being promoted eagerly as well. The General Assembly of 1835-1836 chartered no fewer than sixteen railroad companies which promised to link virtually every significant settlement in the state.

  1. There are many contributing factors to why prohibition was introduced on 16 January 1920. ...

    the large sums of money that drove them to commit crime of these sorts. Although the manufacture, transportation, and sale of alcohol were outlawed, it was never illegal for a person to purchase or consume alcohol. This loophole was exploited and became a very big mistake in how the law was written.

  2. History Coursework: Prohibition

    The children are looking upset, and are dressed scruffily. Below it states 'And our shoes and stockings and food are in the saloon too, and they'll never come out'. Again is saying that the money spent in a saloon is needed for families and their well being.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work