• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did relations between the USA and the USSR change in the peroid from the end of the Second World War to the begginning of the Berlin Blockade?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Relations changed between the USA and the USSR between 1945-1948, mainly because the USA was capitalist while the USSR was communist, this created a mutual but potentially fatal feud between the two. In may 1945 the victorious allies got on well because they had just defeated Nazi Germany. This was great for the rest of the world because the two most powerful states at the time were on each other's side. However, by 1948 the situation was completely different, the allies were close to war due to the debate of Germany, Berlin, and also the Berlin blockade. Relations between the USA and the USSR had never been good. This can be seen as far back as the agreements at Potsdam. However this was a time of good friendship and mutual agreement. These agreements occurred in the summer of 1945. This meeting was mainly to discuss the future of Germany and Berlin, which was inevitably divided into 4 sectors, one for the USSR, France, Britain and the USA. This also included many other agreements such as the dissolving of the Nazi party and even more dramatic the change of Germany into being a democracy. Also which had stirred the bad relations was that Stalin dictator of the USSR had been slowly but efficiently obtaining small satellite countries thanks to Stalin's Red Army, which were situated on the Eastern side of Europe. ...read more.

Middle

Already the Iron Curtain had cut Europe into two, he did want that to go any further. Truman hoped that he might be able to persuade some of the countries in Eastern Europe to break away from communism. Marshall Aid was also intended to help here. While the Truman Doctrine didn't actually mention the Soviet Union, it was obviously that it was intended as a warning to Stalin that Truman was not going to let him get away with any more attempts to increase soviet influence in Europe. Truman had said that he was going to get ' tough with Russia'. Stalin reacted badly by criticising the Truman Doctrine and accusing the USA of trying to dominate the world. Secondly was the Marshall Aid policy, this was an attempt to rebuild Europe after the Second World War, it put the ideas of the Truman Doctrine into affect. In June 1947, president Harry Truman offered grants of American money to all European countries. Truman intended that Marshall Aid would be made available to all countries in Europe but eventually only countries in the West accepted it. The most important point was that Marshall Aid had to be spent in ways that would help develop capitalism. This would have given the USA the opportunity to influence the countries of the East and especially undermine Stalin and communism, which was exactly what Truman had hoped, would happen. ...read more.

Conclusion

One, They created NATO a new security, two, they flew supplies into West Berlin, three, USA made an immediate stand and were going to fight for West Berlin. In total 8,000 tonnes of provisions, every day were flown into West Berlin which was twice the amount needed. A total of 277,264 flights were completed, until it eventually ended in the September of 1949. The Long-term consequences of the Berlin Blockade were that after the whole conflict as it were, the allies decided to create the Federal Republic Of Germany (FDR). The Capital city was Bonn. This country was often now known as West Germany. The Soviet sector was renamed by Moscow. It was called, the German Demoractic Republic (DDR). Its Capital city was Berlin. It was often called East Germany. It can be said that relations between the USA and the USSR changed in the period from the end of the Second World War to the beginning of the Berlin Blockade because of many different factors. There was a huge threat of nuclear war near to the end of The Cold War but it thank god did not result to that. Though on the other hand in this day and age they are very close to being permanent friends for a very long time, yet even after all that had occurred between the end of the Second World War to the beginning of the Berlin Blockade. BY JAMES WOODS ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. How did relations between USA & USSR change in the years 1955-62?

    the red army from Hungary, they also confirmed their withdrawal from the Warsaw pact. Then on November 4th the Red army invades Budapest killing over 27,000 Hungarians, then Janos Kadar a pro communist leader takes over. In the West the public supported the Hungarians and were horrified at the killings that took place.

  2. In what ways did relations between the USA and the USSR change between 1948 ...

    rid themselves of the controls imposed on them by Stalin at the end of WWII. One of the reasons Khrushchev took such strong action against Hungary was because he knew that the Western powers were involved in the Suez crisis and would be unlikely to take action to help Hungary by intervening.

  1. Why did the relationship between the USA and USSR change between 1975 and 1990

    The two countries were effectively fighting against each other and both sides knew it. Jimmy Carter Openly expressed how the US felt about this when he said the Soviet invasion was "the most serious threat to peace sinceWW2" stating

  2. Explain why the USA and the Soviet Union did not trust eachother after the ...

    On the 8th of May the Germans had fully surrendered and the occupying forces moved into the country. Both Germany and Berlin was split up into four sectors. Britain, France, America and the USA were each give a sector. Communist and Capitalist were now living side by side in the same city.

  1. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    * Idea --> quick recovery and economic prosperity would limit the appeal of communism, especially in countries with strong communist followings Italy and France * Contributed to Western Europe's economic recovery from WW2 * Helped galvanise US alliance against the USSR Containment * US policy of containment was a sustained

  2. Edexcel Cold War 1943-1991 Revision (Detailed)

    Speech? 1956 October Rakosi forced from power by mosco and succeeded by Erno Gero. Victims of Rakosi?s purges were re-buried. Students demonstrated through Budapest demanding free elections and withdrawal of soviet troops. Statue of Stalin was ripped down. Nagy: 1.

  1. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    This would keep Germany poor and prevent them from being strong enough to attack the USSR. It was a combination of all of these factors that made Stalin decided to blockade Berlin. However, the most significant reason was because Stalin did not want West Berlin to prosper because it threatened his control over his zones.

  2. Why did communism collapse in Eastern Europe and the USSR?

    In East Germany in 1953, there were a series of strikes and protests against the communist rule. The Russians, under the reign of Stalin, used their armed forces to put down the revolt in order to protect East Germany's communist government.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work