• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did revolution break out in Russia in 1905?

Extracts from this document...


Paul Tamplin Why did revolution break out in Russia in 1905? Problems in Russia in the early nineteenth century were increasing, and the tensions that were present in Russian society were to come to a climax in 1905 when a combination of political, social and economic long and short-term factors resulted in a revolutionary situation. Long Term factors consisted of the peasants discontent caused by poverty and redemption payments, lack of political reforms, repressive actions of the government and the poor working conditions caused by industrialisation. A short-term cause occurred in 1904 when Russia went to war with Japan over control of Korea and Manchuria. Nicholas II believed that a victory in this war would increase his popularity as a leader therefore stopping the heavy criticism towards the government. However the opposite happened, Russia were rapidly defeated and social conditions worsened for Russian civilians. Other incidents which added to the Russia's problems were 'Bloody Sunday' a massacre of workers and families. Furthermore general strikes took place in September 1905 and Workers Soviets were set up. These just added to the growing discontentment. ...read more.


Russia was an extremely economically backward system in 1905. Whilst other countries had industrialised, using mechanical machines to take the place of workers Russia was still extremely rural using non- mechanical horse and wooden ploughs. Russia's economic backwardness led to uprising in opposition to the Tsar. The peasants were one group who opposed. Although being given freedom they had to pay for any land they received as a result of it. These redemption payments were the main source of the increasing anger. The tension increased and began to surface. There were many grievances of town workers at the time too. Working conditions were still awful despite Russia partially industrialising. When organisations were set up to prompt the improvement of conditions, they were commonly infiltrated by the secret police. This anger at the working conditions led to strikes just as it did in the countryside with the peasants rioting. All these groups shared one thing, there anger and grievances towards the Tsar. The Tsar heavily depended on the army and the secret to maintain his stability. There was to be no way of peaceful changes towards a more democratic system because of the Tsar's stubbornness. ...read more.


This discontent sparked on 9th January when, led by Father Gapon, a march of 150,000 walked to the Tsars palace where a petition was presented demanding higher wages, shorter working hours and free elections. When the marchers arrived at the palace troops opened fire killing over a hundred demonstrators. This day was known as "Bloody Sunday". This day has two immediate effects. The Tsar's reputation and label of being Russia's "Little Father" was destroyed. The second impact was that Bloody Sunday led to even more general strikes. The Russian revolution was not an immediate effect of "Bloody Sunday" but was an situation that had built up over a long period of time with long term effects. These were factors such as poor working conditions, peasant discontent, lack of political reforms and the government's repressive actions. However, there were also short-term causes that resulted in the revolution. The economic slump in Russia played a part in the revolution breaking out. The failure in the war against Japan was a huge turning point as the Tsar was already under a great deal of pressure and criticism. As a result of this war there were food shortages which led to even more opposition of the Tsar. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Why Was Russia Considered Backward in the Early 19th Century?

    It was backward that Russia did not have the railways as they were moving from Britain to other countries and kept them at the top of power in the world.

  2. What were the causes of the 1905 Revolution in Russia?

    These Zemstros (similar to constituencies in that some decisions were taken locally and others in the national assembly)

  1. History - Russia

    Furthermore, Source F is also a very useful source. It shows that the blood is located in the basement. This helps to disprove some of the points put across in sources such as Source D - as Medvedev told his interviewers that the murder occurred in ''the corner room, next to the storeroom.''

  2. Tsar's Russia & revolution, Hitler's rise to power revison notes.

    Hitler ran against him but lost. Hindenburg didn't want to give the Nazis power so he gave the chancellor post to an inexperienced man called "von Papen". He failed to run the government so another election was called. The Nazis won 230 seats which was the largest party however it wasn't the majority so he couldn't control the richestag.

  1. Why was there a revolution in Russia in 1905

    Mensheviks believed the party should be a mass organisation, which all workers could join. This mass party would grow until it eventually took power. Bolsheviks believed the party should be a small, secret, tightly disciplined party of professional revolutionaries who would seize in power when the time was right.

  2. The Radical Phase: 1793-94

    By the summer of 1793, the people of France began feeling that something had gone wrong, terribly wrong. In what would be known as the infamous "Reign of Terror", the National Convention, spearheaded by the radical zeal of Marat and the infallibility of Robespierre, began persecuting any person who was suspected of opposing the revolution.

  1. What Were The Causes of The1905 Revolution & TheConsequences of The Uprising?

    Alexander's mistakes lay in the fact that the people had got a taste of freedom under his father, and now he was taking it away again. Revolution was impending. There were many groups seeking revolution, with the main power being the Social Revolutionaries (SR's).

  2. Why did 'Bloody Sunday' take place?

    It tells of the suffering that the marchers have to put up with and explains how they are very much in need of help. The people in the picture look like they can't take any more of the conditions they live in now and need change.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work