• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why Did Roosevelt Defeat Hoover In the 1932 Presidential Election?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did Roosevelt defeat Hoover in the 1932 Presidential election? Cassandra Owen The 1932 Presidential election was fought between Franklin Roosevelt of the Democrats and Herbert Hover of the Republicans. In 1932 America was suffering from depression. Banks and businesses were closing every day and unemployment was soaring. People supported Roosevelt because of many reasons. One reason was that they had lost their jobs. Many of America's industrial plants lay idle. Five thousand banks had closed. Factory owners had been forced to close down. In 1929 six hundred and fifty banks were declared bankrupt. One hundred and ten thousand companies closed between 1929 and 1932. By 1933 industrial production was halved, by this time over fifteen million were unemployed. Another reason why people supported Roosevelt was that they were in debt. Farmers got into debt by buying more livestock to help them bring in more money and losing out on crops. People had to borrow more money to try to get themselves out of debt they were already in. ...read more.

Middle

He said he was waging a war against destruction, delay, deceit and despair. He showed something different to Hoover, who had said "Let events take their course." People were hungry, poor, in debt and homeless, Roosevelt offered them the help that they needed. He gave them hope. Hoover lost the election because he lost the confidence of many people. He made many mistakes. He was regarded as a 'do-nothing' president. He tried to restart the economy with tax cuts in 1930 and 1931 and to persuade business leaders not to cut wages. One of his schemes was to introduce tariffs on imported goods. This however, strangled the US industries and made the depression worse. In 1932 Hoover blocked the Garner-Wagner Relief Bill, which would have allowed congress to provide 2.1 billion dollars to create jobs. He believed that social security was not the problem of his government and he did little to help the people suffering from the effects of the depression. ...read more.

Conclusion

Roosevelt had a good track record as governor of New York. Roosevelt's policies to provide a 'safety-net' and to use the government's resources to pull the country out of economic depression appealed to the people. His confidence and warm character made him popular with the American people and he employed modern election tactics such as visiting the people and using the media. Roosevelt made the New Deal. In this he capitalised on the ideological shift from capitalism to communism and offered the people what they wanted. Although they were fed up with the republican government and were looking for an alternative, they didn't want to become completely communist, as they liked their old standards of living. Roosevelt worked very hard for his election victory in 1932. He understood the public opinion and capitalised upon it. If the Wall Street Crash and depression hadn't happened then Roosevelt probably wouldn't have been elected but he was only elected in 1932 because he successfully canvassed and acted on the opinions of the American people who were unhappy with the situation they were in, the way Hoover was leading their country and dealing with the depression. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. Why did Franklin Roosevelt win the Presidential election in 1932?

    Interfering with economy had never been done before and Roosevelt intended to create jobs by spending more money, whereas Hoover believed in 'Self Help'. The people of America were now given a new hope from Roosevelt. In November 1932 Roosevelt was elected president and was welcomed by cheers and song from the hopeful crowds.

  2. Use Source A and your knowledge of the period to explain why people supported ...

    and this was only resolved when the war began because it meant that there were many jobs available towards the war effort. "In 1993 Congress gave up much of its power to Roosevelt when it put billions of dollars into his hands."

  1. Why did Franklin Rosevelt win the Presidential election in 1932

    These unemployed veterans stood outside the whitehouse in protest for months waiting for their promised payments, and made Hoover look heartless. Herbert Hoover who had worked hard after being orphaned at the age of eight to become president in 1929.

  2. Why people supported Roosevelt in the 1932 election

    For instance, his promise for ending Prohibition was an important proposal for his election. People wanted to restore their past energy and will for properity and by having Prohibition imposed on them, ordinary (aswell as the rich) people would not be favourable to the present government.

  1. Roosevelt did not win the 1932 election, Hoover lost it. Using the sources from ...

    passed the worst and with continued unity of effort we shall rapidly recover. However, Roosevelt's 'propaganda' campaign with the American people proved to be effective in his battle for presidency.

  2. Discussion of important reasons why Roosevelt won the Presidential election in 1932.

    This angered the people when the Depression lasted much longer than 16 days but for many years.

  1. In 1932 America was suffering from a terrible economic depression.

    As Roosevelt came in to power he brought down the unemployment by bringing in the alphabet agencies but the realised the federal government were putting too much money in so they cut back, unemployment began to rise again. As World War II approached unemployment began to lower as jobs were

  2. Why did Roosevelt win the 1932 Presidential Election?

    Waters forbade drinking, panhandling, and ?anti-government? or ?radical? talk. When Waters and his Bonus Army arrived in late May 1932 they were twenty thousand strong. Among them were eight German soldiers, each having fought against US soldiers, each wounded twice or more in World War I, all naturalized citizens and bearing a total of eight tons of food and supplies for the Bonus Army.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work