• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did Roosevelt introduce the New Deal?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did Roosevelt introduce the New Deal? In 1929, America suffered the Wall Street crash and the effect of this on the American economy and the American people was tremendous. At this time of major economic depression, which was a consequence of the Wall Street Crash, the president was Herbert Hoover. Hoover was a republican, and he had a very strict policy that the government should not intervene with the American economy. This policy did not achieve anything, and soon, the American people were fed up of the way that Hoover ran the country. This led to there being many protests in Washington DC against the leadership of Hoover. Therefore, it was almost certain that Hoover would not be elected for another term in the next elections. The man that replaced him in the White House was a democrat, and his name was Franklin Delano Roosevelt. His policy was to find as much money as possible to help the American people in their time of need. The Wall Street crash led to a massive economic depression, which meant that there was mega unemployment. ...read more.

Middle

The Smoot Harley Tariff was introduced and people had to pay money on foreign good. This made the situation for America worse. This made the global status for America very bad as foreign countries stopped importing American goods. Hoovers other policy was a Laissez Faire policy, which meant that he believed that the government should not interfere in industry. However, this was not working so Hoover's next policy was known as the trickle down effect. This was the idea that if he put money into industry, the country's economy would improve and so would people's lives. This obviously did not work as it was far too concentrated and did not help the millions that were starving on the streets of America. Hoover favoured employers to take action with acts, such as the "give-a-job" project, rather than the Government having to fund these work schemes using money that had been accumulated by taxes. These failures made the American people loose faith in the Republican Party and therefore helped Roosevelt to do well in the 1932 presidential election and introduce the New Deal. ...read more.

Conclusion

In conclusion, all three things were partly factors of the reasons why Roosevelt introduced the New Deal. Hoover's unsuccessful policies allowed Roosevelt to enter the White House and introduce the New Deal. Roosevelt also saw the way that the American people were suffering and he knew that he had to take desperate action. Roosevelt also was a good and caring character, which made his policies appeal more to people. Roosevelt acquainted the 'New Deal' because he knew that if he did not do anything to improve the dire situation that America was in, things would go from bad to worse. By 1933, production had fallen 40 % and unemployment was up to 14million. Roosevelt had also seen that the American people had very little patience (which was assimilated to the policy of Hoover), so he knew he needed to take drastic action. Roosevelt introduced the New Deal to help deal with the problems facing the American people, and tried to solve the problems that Hoover could not deal with. Roosevelt also introduced the New Deal to make a fairer society, and to make sure that people were not starving and unemployed - it was for the welfare and well being of the American public, as well as to bring recovery to the American economy. Abbas Tejani ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. Why people supported Roosevelt in the 1932 election

    is implying that by making people more reliant on government aid and less reliant on their own efforts, people would continue to have no confidence in themselves. This is basically individualism. An individual has to achieve success by his own efforts.

  2. Why did roosevelt introduce the new deal?

    America needed to have money going into the economy for it to stabilise and increase itself, and with one quarter of the population unemployed this was quite hard to start. This is why the 'New Deal' needed to be introduced to give America some hope.

  1. Franklin Delano Roosevelt and the New Deal - How successful was Roosevelt's New ...

    Roosevelt argued against this ruling saying that the depression affected the whole country but the Supreme Court refused to reverse their decision. In conclusion I feel that all in all Roosevelt's New deal was very successful, even though it had some failures.

  2. T.Roosevelt and the New Deal.

    The Social Security Act was introduced in 1935. It set up a national system of state pensions for people over 65, for widows and for the disabled. It also provided for an unemployment insurance scheme to be run by each state with financial support. What did the New Deal do?

  1. Explain why Franklin Delano Roosevelt introduced the New Deal.

    He thought that the key to recovery was confidence in the economy, and he said that businesses should be left alone to bring back prosperity. Many people thought that the US would deteriorate into dissolution and very little faith was placed with the current policies of Hoover.

  2. Explain the Features of the New Deal - Roosevelt and the American Presidential Election ...

    As a result of the Wall Street Crash, many companies became insolvent or were forced to close down completely. To remain in business the surviving companies were forced to cut their overheads by inter-alia laying off their work force in whole or in part.

  1. Economic Problems - What was the state of the coalfield 1919-39?

    The other sources could just be opinions but this picture shows worker coming from the Stay-Down covered in dirt. The picture is taken when the worker has come out the mine. So the 'stay-Down' did occur. The picture shows the courage of the man who has just spent 8 and half days in the mine.

  2. Why Did Franklin D. Roosevelt introduce The New Deal?

    The economy really was on the up until the experts began to worry. The once flourishing industries were making less and less meaning over-production was affected everyone. Inflation was the predictable ending. The increase of availability in credit meant people could afford to get what they wanted and put the

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work