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Why did Roosevelt introduce the New Deal?

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Introduction

Why did Roosevelt introduce the New Deal? In 1929, America suffered the Wall Street crash and the effect of this on the American economy and the American people was tremendous. At this time of major economic depression, which was a consequence of the Wall Street Crash, the president was Herbert Hoover. Hoover was a republican, and he had a very strict policy that the government should not intervene with the American economy. This policy did not achieve anything, and soon, the American people were fed up of the way that Hoover ran the country. This led to there being many protests in Washington DC against the leadership of Hoover. Therefore, it was almost certain that Hoover would not be elected for another term in the next elections. The man that replaced him in the White House was a democrat, and his name was Franklin Delano Roosevelt. His policy was to find as much money as possible to help the American people in their time of need. The Wall Street crash led to a massive economic depression, which meant that there was mega unemployment. ...read more.

Middle

The Smoot Harley Tariff was introduced and people had to pay money on foreign good. This made the situation for America worse. This made the global status for America very bad as foreign countries stopped importing American goods. Hoovers other policy was a Laissez Faire policy, which meant that he believed that the government should not interfere in industry. However, this was not working so Hoover's next policy was known as the trickle down effect. This was the idea that if he put money into industry, the country's economy would improve and so would people's lives. This obviously did not work as it was far too concentrated and did not help the millions that were starving on the streets of America. Hoover favoured employers to take action with acts, such as the "give-a-job" project, rather than the Government having to fund these work schemes using money that had been accumulated by taxes. These failures made the American people loose faith in the Republican Party and therefore helped Roosevelt to do well in the 1932 presidential election and introduce the New Deal. ...read more.

Conclusion

In conclusion, all three things were partly factors of the reasons why Roosevelt introduced the New Deal. Hoover's unsuccessful policies allowed Roosevelt to enter the White House and introduce the New Deal. Roosevelt also saw the way that the American people were suffering and he knew that he had to take desperate action. Roosevelt also was a good and caring character, which made his policies appeal more to people. Roosevelt acquainted the 'New Deal' because he knew that if he did not do anything to improve the dire situation that America was in, things would go from bad to worse. By 1933, production had fallen 40 % and unemployment was up to 14million. Roosevelt had also seen that the American people had very little patience (which was assimilated to the policy of Hoover), so he knew he needed to take drastic action. Roosevelt introduced the New Deal to help deal with the problems facing the American people, and tried to solve the problems that Hoover could not deal with. Roosevelt also introduced the New Deal to make a fairer society, and to make sure that people were not starving and unemployed - it was for the welfare and well being of the American public, as well as to bring recovery to the American economy. Abbas Tejani ...read more.

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