• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did Roosevelt win the 1932 Presidential Election?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did Roosevelt win the 1932 Presidential Election? There were numerous overlapping reasons why Hoover lost the presidential election in 1932 and the combined effects of these reasons swayed public opinion against the Republicans. The first reason was due to the fact that Hoover was president at the time the Depression started; millions blamed him for the Depression. With bitterness they said, ?In Hoover we trusted; now we are busted.? Then once the Depression hit in 1929 Hoover believed, ?Prosperity is just round the corner.? For this reason didn?t take action to end the Depression till 1932; Hoover did too little, too late to help his nation?s suffering people, so they began to believe Hoover didn?t care about them. Also Hoover?s reputation was permanently damaged after he refused to meet with peaceful war-veterans, then ordered General Douglas MacArthur to evict them from their ?Hooverville? which resulted in 2 dead ex-servicemen and 1000?s injured by tear gas. Finally Roosevelt won because of his completely opposite personality and his election campaign and as he offered Americans a ?New Deal.? He had 3 main aims, recovery, relief and reform. With Hoover?s reputation in shatters, the American public were keen to vote for anyone, as long as it wasn?t Hoover. ...read more.

Middle

However all of Hoover’s attempts to stop the Depression had little or the opposite effect of what was intended. He added the Hawley-Smoot tariff which damaged American trade as they couldn’t export their surpass goods. He also blocked the Garner-Wagner Relief Bill which would have allowed Congress to spend £2.1billion to create jobs. Hoover’s attitude of Laissez-Faire didn’t help and caused Hoover to become unpopular; losing votes. Hoover also lost veterans votes because of the war he handled The Bonus Army. On 11 March 1932 Sargent Walter W. Waters called for a march on Washington and 250-300 men from Portland joined him. The veterans and their families had popular support and the support of some authorities. A Portland railroad offered the use of dung-stained cattle cars to transport the Bonus Army. The Indiana National Guard and the Pennsylvania National Guard used military vehicles to transport the Bonus Army. Toll bridge operators let the Bonus Army march silently across bridges without pay, and police officers refused to arrest Bonus Army veterans for trespassing. Thousands joined the Bonus Army as it marched towards Washington with Sargent Waters as their elected leader. Waters forbade drinking, panhandling, and ‘anti-government’ or ‘radical’ talk. ...read more.

Conclusion

He worked to provide old age pensions, help for farmers and unemployment relief; he spent $20million to achieve his aims. A majority of the voters believed that FDR?s plan to alleviate the Depression more actively addressed the issue than President Hoover?s plan. FDR made people feel more confident about their financial future; he believed his main task was to improve life for ordinary people. Roosevelt believed in the ?forgotten? people - the unemployed, the homeless and hungry ? who voted Roosevelt into office in the 1932 election. In conclusion, there were many reasons why FDR won the 1932 presidential election but the root cause was Hoover?s unpopular policies. His flawed policies led to him not helping America?s people which damaged his reputation and lost him the election by 7 million votes. Whilst Roosevelt?s election campaign contributed to his victory, he was helped enormously by Hoover making himself unpopular by making mistake after mistake and then not owning up to it. He never apologised for not helping the poor during the Great Depression, he didn?t apologise for injuring and killing American veterans; he called them communists instead. Hoover wasn?t prepared to change his policies and ideas even though America was changing around him. His policies simply weren?t designed to work during a Depression and Roosevelt?s policies were. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. Policies to end the Depression: Hoover vs. Roosevelt

    now even less money in the pockets of consumers (and therefore in the economy), causing further economic contraction. Interestingly, during the 1932 election Roosevelt had also called for a 'balance the budget' approach. However, as soon as he took up office in 1932, he completely changed his tune.

  2. Why Did Roosevelt Defeat Hoover In the 1932 Presidential Election?

    Probably the most important reason why people supported Roosevelt was that he gave them hope. During the depression he became known as a humane and effective administrator. His most notable achievement was the creation of America's first state-run relief agency.

  1. Free essay

    Why did Roosevelt win the election in 1932?

    This lady was a working lady who had lost her job. In 1931, two hundred and thirty eight people were admitted to hospital suffering from malnutrition and starvation. Forty-five of them died. Middle-class people now had to swallow their pride and accept charity.

  2. Why did Franklin Roosevelt win the Presidential election in 1932?

    Farmers also went bankrupt and they tried to make up for their loss of income by growing more crops but these now had to be sold at rock bottom prices. The biggest protest made in 1932 was by ex-service men known as the bonus army.

  1. Why did Roosevelt win the 1932 election?

    success through their own hard work and effort (as he had done since a young boy) an he believed in carrying on this belief within politics. In Hoover's 1932 election campaign he promised a great ' turnaround' leading to the return of prosperity to the damaged state of America and

  2. How far was Roosevelt responsible for his election victory in 1932? Explain your answer.

    he looked down on the ordinary citizens and did not associate with them. The American public showed their hatred to Herbert by calling the most horrid shantytowns after him 'Hooverville's' and their newspaper blankets 'Hoover Blankets.' This showed they despised him so much that they felt that he was the

  1. Use Source A and your knowledge of the period to explain why people supported ...

    message of how much the New Deal really did for different groups in America. It had given a lot to many people and solved many problems but maybe only for certain races of people whereas for the black community it did not give such prosperity.

  2. Why did Franklin Rosevelt win the Presidential election in 1932

    Farmers also went bankrupt and they tried to make up for their loss of income by growing more crops but these now had to be sold at rock bottom prices. The biggest protest made in 1932 was by ex-service men known as the bonus army.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work