• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did Roosevelt win the 1932 presidential election?

Extracts from this document...


Why did Roosevelt win the 1932 Presidential Election? Roosevelt won because the majority of the people of America voted for him. There are many reasons why they voted for Roosevelt instead of Hoover. In 1928 there was a presidential election. Herbert Hoover was a republican candidate. Nobody doubted the republicans could ever lose again seeming as the American economy was still booming from 'the roaring 20's'. The American economy was growing rapidly and businesses were booming. Many people saw this as a brilliant chance to invest in the stock market and as a quick and easy way to get rich. In 1920 there had been only 4 million shareholders, a, by 1929 there were 20 million. Many of the new investors were speculators. This means, they borrow money and invest it into the stock market, then when its worth more they take it out, pay of their loan and have a small profit at the end of it. More and more people became speculators. Even banks got involved in speculation and they were holding nothing back. In 1929 American banks lent out 9 billion dollars for speculation. The demand for shares had risen dramatically. The prices of shares were rising at an unheard-of rate. This means that people have to be confident that prices will keep going up so there will be more buyers than sellers, however if people are not confident in the prices increasing then all of a sudden there will be more sellers and ... ...read more.


Banks had to evict them because they were not paying. And eventually the sheriffs had to get them out. Which forced them to live on the road picking up work wherever they can find it. "Farmers are just ready to do anything to get even with the situation. I almost hate tom admit it, but I honestly belive that if some of them could buy airplanes they would come down here to washigton to blow you fellows up ..." President of the Farmers Union of Wisconsin, AN young, speaking to a senate committee in 1932. Obviously Hoover's image was bad and wasn't getting any better. Iowa farmers said "In Hoover we trusted and now were busted". Hoover believed in self help and rugged individualism. Hoover was regarded as the "do nothing president". This was not entirely true. He did try tax cuts and urged business leaders to not cut wages. He set up a reconstruction Finance Company which propped up banks to stop them going bankrupt. He also tried to encourage the US export trade, although without much success. Hoover, however, and many other republicans where still reluctant to change their basic policies. They blamed the weakness in the economy in Europe for the depression and said that businesses should be left alone to bring back prosperity. ...read more.


Roosevelt already had plans to spend public money on getting people back to work. As governor of New York he had already started doing this in his own state. He was not afraid to ask for advice on important issues from a wide range of experts as factory owners, union leaders or economists. This all appealed to the public in this time of need. Roosevelt won the election easily. I think it was because he was an energetic man, he was determined. He had policies that would appeal to the people. He helped people get back to work. He helped the poor. He went on a grand train tour of the country gaining favour across the states all of which strengthened his reputation. The opponent, Hoover. Already had a very bad reputation, he had done hardly anything for the people of America and he had delt with the war campaigners mercilessly. He had most of the contry against him and people were getting fed up of him doing nothing about the depression. "A chinaman or a monkey could have won the election".1932 quote This quote tells us that people were fed up of him and just wanted him out of Washington. Hoover believed in rugged individualism too much. This may have been suitable before the depression because people were confidant and happy in the stock market and banks. But when the depression came along his beliefs were of no use the American people and people voted him out because of it. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. Why people supported Roosevelt in the 1932 election

    3) Study source D. What message do you think the photographer was trying to give?Refer to the photograph and your knowledge of the period to help you explain your answer. This photograph is trying to make a criticism to the New Deal for not doing enough and was probably aimed to

  2. Why Did Roosevelt Defeat Hoover In the 1932 Presidential Election?

    Hoover was a republican who believed in 'laissez-faire'. This meant to let events go their own way and to leave things to take their course. The government did not pass laws restricting business and taxes were not high enough to provide welfare state.

  1. Policies to end the Depression: Hoover vs. Roosevelt

    care of the surface problems, and leaving the more tangled and complicated issues to his advisors and subordinates. R oosevelt was essentially a "people-person". Jim Farley, his election organiser, said that Roosevelt was able to give the impression that he enjoyed meeting the people and shaking their hands.

  2. Why did Roosevelt win the 1932 election?

    The Democratic candidate Franklin D Roosevelt could not be more different to Hoover. Roosevelt believed strongly in an 'active government' that would try to improve the lives of normal people. He had plans to spend public money on getting people back to work.

  1. Why did Roosevelt win the 1932 election?

    He became heavily influenced by Headmaster and teacher Endieott Peabody who preached the duty as a father to society to help the less fortunate. After graduating from Groton, Roosevelt attended Harvard University, studying history and law and dgained his law degree in 1904.

  2. How far was Roosevelt responsible for his election victory in 1932? Explain your answer.

    In return the other countries did the same and the USA found it hard to export goods, as it was so costly. This led to the farmers being put out of business, as they could not sell on the produce of their crops.

  1. Roosevelt, the 1932 election and the New deal. Source based questions.

    A man is carrying a basin of water, representing the taxpayers meekly handing over all their money so FDR can pour it all away. Source F is in favour of Roosevelt, showing Hoover leaving and Roosevelt coming into power. FDR is throwing out all Hoovers old policies of rugged individualism

  2. Why did Roosevelt win the 1932 Presidential Election?

    One of Hoover?s first statements as president was, ?we in America are nearer to the final triumph over poverty than ever before. The poor man is vanishing from among us.? Hoover believed in a balanced budget and not pumping government money into the economy.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work