• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did Senator Joseph McCarthy have such a big impact on American politics and society in the 1950s?

Extracts from this document...


Why did Senator Joseph McCarthy have such a big impact on American politics and society in the 1950's? There was such a fear of Communism in the USA before McCarthy became famous in 1950 because of the 'Red Scare' which was the name given to the widespread fear of Communism that swept across America in the late 1940's and 50's. The Americans feared Communism as it had already spread to Russia, East Europe, South East Asia and even China which was a big country. They then began to think 'What was to stop America from becoming Communists?' Also the following events contributed to the fear of communism: The Development Of The Cold War At The End Of WW2 The Cold War was so called as it was a period of great tension but it didn't involve any fighting. ...read more.


China was a big country the Americans thought what is going to stop Communism going to America. The Russians exploded their first Atomic Bomb Up to this point only America had this technology. "Had America been betrayed by the enemy within? Had Communist Sympathises in America sold atomic secrets to the Russians?" North Korea Invaded Pro-American South Korea South Korea believed that if it wasn't checked by America, Communism would take over the world. America went to war to prevent this from happening. The Hiss Case Hiss had worked for President Roosevelt and there had been allegations and evidence made against him for spying for the Communists There was an increased risk of spies in America. ...read more.


McCarthy claimed he had a list of 207 known Communists but when investigated the list went down to 57. The House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) was set up which investigated Communist involvement in the film industry, education, unions and the government. Ten Hollywood film directors were questioned over whether they were members of the Communist party. They refused to answer questions and were all jailed for a year. McCarthy had such an impact on the USA as he ruined so many people's lives as he accused them of being Communist. 9,500 civil servants were dismissed and 15,000 resigned, 600 teachers lost their jobs and many fine actors and scriptwriters were unable to work again. Also anyone who was liberal, a trade unionist, or a civil rights worker who had shown sympathy for the poor was automatically known as a 'commie'. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Who was a better leader, Joseph Smith or Brigham Young?

    They agreed, and Utah was made a state in 1896. Both of the men faced challenges, found solutions, and left a positive impact on the Mormon movement. Joseph Smith was very driven and determined and wouldn't accept defeat. He was a great public speaker with a lot of charisma, and thereby converted many people into Mormonism.

  2. 'Law and Order in the American West'

    broke into a Taney county jail and kidnapped two outlaw brothers, Frank and Tubal Taylor. These two brothers were well known for their violence and had been arrested on assault charges against a shop owner. The shop owner happened to be a member of the baldnobbers and the brothers were taken from their jail cells and lynched.

  1. The Atomic Bombings of Japan q.5

    After 50 years, they still cannot forgive what had happened to them, and they represent the survivors of the bomb that suffered terribly. Sources L & M are the perspectives of victims that suffered radiation sickness after the atom bomb had been dropped.

  2. An analysis of American History 1865-1920

    changed America into what it is today, a continental nation, rich and productive economically packed, and industrialized, with various ethnic origins. America was effectively the first fully modern society but, was in a constant struggle with itself to adapt to this new "Gilded Age".

  1. Prohibition America

    1925, shows us that the arrest for drinking offences went dramatically up after the Prohibition of alcohol became a law. People now started to drink more than before the Prohibition of alcohol. Therefore also source E disagrees with the statement of Al Capone being a public enemy number one, because

  2. The Importance of American Leadership.

    The first was that the Cold War not only was over, but that we ended it in a way that did not leave the Soviets with an enduring sense of bitterness and humiliation: had we gloated about our victory, had we danced on the ruins of the Berlin Wall, it

  1. Effect of Civilians in WW2

    However, it would have been researched and cross-referenced. Life changed for huge amounts of people in Britain during World War 2. This is due to the fact that evacuees were being sent from towns like London into the countryside. This was so that they were safe.

  2. Describing Advances in Weaponry in WW2.

    The first bomb was considered to be an ?experiment? as no one knew the devastation it could cause and it destroyed the whole of Hiroshima. This timeline of the tanks shows exactly who they were developed and when which tanks can out in the war.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work