• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did some black activists reject the approach of Martin Luther King to Civil Rights

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Civil Rights in the USA 22.02.05 2. Why did some black activists reject the approach of Martin Luther King to Civil Rights? Some black activists rejected the approach of Martin Luther King in his struggle to gain full citizenship rights for black Americans; this was mainly because they followed the ideas of another black leader who called himself Malcolm X. Martin Luther King, a black Christian, gained a lot of success through his belief that the only way to achieve civil rights and equality was by non violent and peaceful forms of protest. He encouraged a variety of activities, including protest marches, boycotts, demonstrations, and refusal to abide by segregation laws. In 1955, Montgomery, a 42 year old black woman Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat to a white person on the bus. What had followed an arrest and fine had soon resulted in a buss boycott. Martin Luther King had led the boycott; it turned out to be an immediate success, despite the threats and violence by white people. A federal court ordered Montgomery's buses desegregated in November 1956, and the boycott ended in triumph. ...read more.

Middle

There was serious violence and racial discrimination in the North, law was not being enforced as the government was in White hands. Northern blacks were very poor, 50% of blacks lived in high unemployment, health care was inadequate and public transport was poor. The blacks were not aware of all of King's achievements in the South. It became clear that race problems in the Northern cities were serious and perhaps harder to address than segregation in the South because these problems were not the results of specific laws that could be changed. King was helpless with these problems and so some black people in the north did not support King. While King was trying to deal with the problems in the North, younger activists challenged his leadership of the civil rights movement, criticizing his strategy and his appeals to moral idealism; they no longer believed in King's approach. Soon the group which called themselves 'Black Power' emerged, influenced by Malcolm X, a Black Muslim. Some black people opposed King, they looked to Malcolm X. The Black Power movement which was led by Malcolm X believed that equality would only be achieved by violence. ...read more.

Conclusion

The biggest disparity however, was in their philosophy, although Malcolm X had contrasting ideals to King, he did not oppose King but did not like his methods. Malcolm always preached violence and aggression towards the whites, he even stated 'Any Negro who teaches Negroes to turn the other check in the face of attack is disarming that Negro of his God-given right..., of his intelligent right to defend himself'. It is clear that he was targeting King. In conclusion, although Martin Luther King achieved changes in the law to give black people equality and civil rights, for many blacks nothing had changed. King was quite helpless with improving social and economical problems which Malcolm X was more aware about. To many blacks, especially the young majority, Malcolm X's methods and aims were much more appealing. Black activists could trust Malcolm to always tell the truth as he saw it; he struck fear in Whites which made his supporters feel they were winning; he argued that blacks should have their own government and control over their own communities, for the first time black people felt they could impose authority over their oppressors; Malcolm X became famous as a black leader and his supporters would appreciate his emphasis on black pride and self-assertion. ?? ?? ?? ?? Page 1 of 2 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Do you agree that Martin Luther King was the most important factor in helping ...

    4 star(s)

    The irony of what they were fighting against was not lost on the black soldiers either. They were told that Hitler's brand of facist racism was evil, that basing your opinions of a person on their race was ridiculous, and that this was why the Germans must be beaten, yet

  2. Political Philosophy of Dr. Martin Luther King and Malcolm X - a comparison.

    Dr. Martin Luther King Jr, made everyone listen with his philosophy of nonviolence to achieve social change and believe of new hope. In death, he is seen as a martyr for his cause and a rebel. The younger generation lost the patience of waiting for 'slow change'.

  1. What was the contribution of Martin Luther King to the civil rights movement?

    Freedom Marches also drew attention to the movement. In 1963, King was arrested in Birmingham Alabama, whilst leading a freedom march. The chief of police, Bull Connor, ordered his men to attack King's supporters with tear gas, fire hoses, dogs and even electric cattle prods. More than 3,300 black men, women and children, who were demonstrating peacefully in support of their civil rights, were hauled off to prison.

  2. Why was Martin Luther King both so bitterly criticised, and so deeply mourned by ...

    King was concerned with the government passing the Civil Rights Act in 1964. After the passing of this important piece of legislation, King concentrated on helping those suffering from poverty. King realized that race and economic issues were closely connected and he began talking about the need to redistribute wealth.

  1. Martin and Malcolm: Two Voices for Justice

    If the black man loved himself he would not be tempted by drugs, prostitution, and crime, all of which he said the white man perpetuated. His fourth objective was self-defense, of which he said, "Any Negro who teaches Negroes to turn the other cheek in the face of attack is

  2. Writing about Diverse Culture

    The fact they are opposing ideas link with the opposing ideas of black people and racists which was the main issue at the time. The alliteration in 'broken windows' and 'bronze weathervane' links the two sentences together. Later in that same stanza Lowell uses the phrase 'cod has lost half its scales'.

  1. Examine the beliefs of Martin Luther King and Malcolm X. Comment on the differences ...

    There is no such thing as failure in the use of this kind of force. `Resist not evil' means that evil is not to be repelled by evil but by good."2 His view of non-violence was a revolutionary initiative as he moved to change what was the current situation while refusing to recognise legal prejudice.

  2. How much impact did Martin Luther King have in changing civil rights for black ...

    in self-promoting and gaining fame because it was the NAACP, rather than King who bought success to Montgomery. If black Americans were going to escape poverty and second class citizenship they would need education. Segregation of schools was claimed to be fair and equal, however, the black children attending black

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work