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Why Did Stalin Build The

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Introduction

Why Did Stalin Build The "Iron Curtain?" The Iron Curtain was the term used in the West to refer to the boundary line, which divided Europe into to separate areas of political influence. This was set up from the end of World War Two until the end of the Cold War. During this period, Eastern Europe was under control and influence of the Soviet Union (USSR,) where as Western Europe enjoyed freedom. It was a border set up by Joseph Stalin, the ruler of the USSR in the years after the Second World War. The term the "Iron Curtain," was first introduced in Winston Churchill's long speech, "an Iron curtain has descended across the continent," on March 5th, 1946. Churchill's speech triggered Stalin to tighten the Iron Curtain. Stalin had various reasons for setting up the Iron Curtain. He assumed he had the right to control Eastern Europe, and that the West would control Western Europe. ...read more.

Middle

Roosevelt and Stalin had got on well but at Potsdam the new USA leader, President Harry Truman had adopted a policy of "get tough" on Stalin and Russia. Disagreements had taken place over a range of issues. The USSR did not keep its promise about holding free elections in Eastern Europe. The USA also dropped the atom bomb on Japan without consulting the USSR. Stalin was very irritated that Truman did not tell the USSR about the atomic bomb until the last minute. This created a belief in the USSR that the bombs had been dropped as a warning to the Russians. In 1946, Britain and the USA agreed to unite their zones in Germany for economic purposes. But this idea was not taken well in the USSR. Not only were the Western allies acting without the agreement of the Soviet Union, but also they were planning to rebuild Germany, when Stalin wanted to keep it as weak as possible. ...read more.

Conclusion

Various countries from Czechoslovakia and Hungary, which had been occupied by the Red Army at the end of the war, were brought under communist control and leaders were simply murdered. Therefore leaving Stalin in control, he tried to prevent the Western influence reaching the East. Also to stop refugees leaving the East for West Europe. The creation of the Iron Curtain concerned the USA, who believed that communism, was expanding. Pro communist governments were now set up in more places. Communism was becoming the largest single party. They imprisoned the opposition, politicians and started attacking the church leaders. They also tried to abolish the monarchy. Counties behind the Iron Curtain were becoming communist quite rapidly and capitalism on the other side. The USA and Great Britain were starting to panic that communism was spreading and starting to take over. When the Iron Curtain was up, it had many effects on the different countries and its people. This Iron Curtain collapsed in 1989, when the countries of the East threw off the Soviet control, but for forty-five years it dominated Europe and divided Germany. ...read more.

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