• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did Stalin employ a policy of terror in ruling USSR 1928-1939?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did Stalin employ a policy of terror in ruling USSR 1928-1939? There were several reasons why Stalin used terror whilst in power in the USSR from 1928-1939. He used terror in things such as to eliminate his opposition from within and in the party through purges, it was used in certain ways through collectivisation, he used it during the five year plans. But why did he have to use terror to achieve success? Making sure Stalin's five year plans worked was an important factor as to why terror was used. Stalin wanted success in industrialisising the USSR desperately. He needed the USSR to be more independent in industry, as he knew that if the USSR wasnt independent enough., when a war came about, the USSR would be very short on resources and therefore stuck. The fact that the USSR was behind the majority of europe in terms of development called for terror to make people work harder in mines, factories etc. A more advanced industry would help the USSR gain better weapons should another war come about. ...read more.

Middle

Therefore, to do this he intimidated the workers by show trials, which showed the public what happens if they put a foot wrong or dont pull their weight in work. This encouraged them to keep working hard. Stalin had collectivisation plans which involved the of the peasants handing over what they had- animals, tools, buildings, land etc. The amount of peasants who did well for themselves felt hard done by this, and Stalin used terror to make sure they handed their goods over, and made sure they didnt think about resisting handing over either. This made sure the system worked smoothly because Stalin knew that it was a huge operation and would only work if people were forced to go along with it. Stalin also used terror just because of the plain fact that he wanted his country to be rich and prosperous quickly. Because the Bolsheviks believed in communism, this means no matter how hard you work, you can be as wealthy as anyone else. Stalin wanted people to know that slacking is not acceptable and they cannot get away with it. ...read more.

Conclusion

Stalin was bought up harshly when he was a child, within the space of 11 years he was arrested and exiled to Siberia 8 times, he carried out bank robberies, even the prisoners gave him his name- man of steel. This meant Stalin was well known as a "hard" man, which means that he had certain flaws which made him inflict terror possibly because he wanted people to feel his pain, or he wasnt aware of the evil in what he was doing- after all, we know that Stalin was treated harshly as a boy, so terror was just a normal thing to him, even if it was on a smaller scale. In conclusion, Stalin used terror for a number of important factors which link to each other. However, the most important factors were the 5 year plans, combined with Stalins "hardman" personality. This is because Stalin used terror to make his ideas work as he didnt know any other way. He knew that he wasn't a very charismatic politician, and he also knew that he couldnt think up any other way to make his ideas work,although he used methods such as awards for so he used his hardman persoanality and used thuggish tactics to get what he was hoping to achieve. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. 'The Five Year Plans brought glory to Stalin and misery to his people.' How ...

    that the West was less likely to get attacked by countries like China. In addition, extravagant projects were carried out to display the might of the new Soviet industrial machine. This was the 'Dnieprostroi Dam' in the eastern USSR, which was for two years the world's largest construction site, and it increased the Soviet electric power output, dramatically.

  2. 'The Five Year Plans brought glory to Stalin and misery to his people' - ...

    Undoubtedly, the 1930s was the era of world wide depression. In Russia, even though the workers in cities were exposed to considerable hardships, they can still be measured to be in a better state than the workers in the Capitalists countries of America, Europe, Asia and the Far East where

  1. Stalin man or monster

    Concluding the credibility of Source F the fact it was published in Paris, is significant as France was a capitalist country that opposed communism, and thus was against Stalin and his communist policies. One can say the source is biased however, it is much more reliable then source E for a number of reason.

  2. Source related questions on Joseph Stalin

    The problems with the use of photographs as evidence are that they do not give the full story. For example, in source D, you do not know everything about Stalin and have to make assumptions. To add to that, you cannot be sure if the photograph is telling the truth.

  1. Consider this judgement on the consequences of Stalin's leadership of the Soviet Union 1928 ...

    This would be funded using the monies collected from the export of surplus grain. Initially, participation in the collectivised farms that supplied this grain was voluntary. By 1928 it was clear that this mild approach was not working - there was insufficient grain reaching the evolving industrial towns, partly due to the low price commanded by the government.

  2. Russia 1905-1945 Stalin - man or monster - source based questions

    This source is telling us the truth, we know that Stalin thought like that, although we can�t believe every word because this comes from Bukharin, a clear opponent of Stalin. In my opinion source F is much more reliable than source E.

  1. Between 1928 and 1941 Stalin had a huge effect on Russia.

    The Tsar survived and crushed the revolution by firstly arresting and then exiling revolutionist leaders, so revolutionists had far fewer leaders to march them, and secondly by using the army to fight street fighters (as it was loyal to the Tsar)

  2. How and with what results to 1939 did Stalin succeed in asserting his personal ...

    Similarly, Tomsky was sacked as head of trade unions and, in 1930, he and Rykov (both supporters of the NEP) were removed from the Politburo. As Fitzpatrick states, "Like previous oppositions to Stalin the Right was defeated by the Party machine which Stalin controlled".

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work