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Why Did the Assassination in Sarajevo Lead to the Outbreak of War in 1914?

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Introduction

Unit 2 - Assessment Why Did the Assassination in Sarajevo Lead to the Outbreak of War in 1914? According to Source A only, three of the consequences of the assassination in Sarajevo were that firstly it gave Austro-Hungary the opportunity it had been looking for to bully Serbia into submission. It also led to Russia joining in the war to protect Serbia from Austro-Hungarian attack. The last thing it did was it involved Germany, who immediately prepared to invade Belgium and France. On the day of 28th June 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austrian throne visited Sarajevo, in Bosnia to watch his troops on manoeuvres and to promote better relations with the Bosnians. This was a publicly announced event, which had been planned for weeks and published in several newspapers. He arrived by train in the morning wearing the royal colours of Austria, light blue military uniform with black trousers and a big black hat. This was one of the many mistakes he made that day as the Bosnian (Serbian) people wanted to leave Austria and join Serbia. It also happened to be 'National Slavs Day,' one of the days the Serbs and Bosnians would feel a large resent for the Austrians who ruled them. The Archduke was then driven along the main road in an open-topped car before thousands of cheering, and not cheering, Bosnians. ...read more.

Middle

The fact that Belgium is presented as a small and vulnerable child, with a small stick, and Germany is presented as a nasty old man, who is threatening the child with a big stick, shows that the artist was trying to emote sympathy for the small child, e.g. Belgium, and horror at Germany for what they are doing. The sausages falling out of Germany's pocket, and the clog shoes on Belgium's feet are typical stereotypes, showing who the countries are. However, that the sausages are falling out of Germany's pockets, and are not fully in, may indicate that they are rushed and have not fully prepared, not very respectful. The sticks that both countries are carrying represent the power and size of their armies, that Germany has a big stick and Belgium only has a small stick makes us feel sorry for Belgium because it shows that Germany is much more powerful than them and Belgium is not going to be able to defend itself well without significant help. This is supposed to make the British feel like they need to help Belgium and to promote anger at Germany for bullying Belgium. In the back of the cartoon you can see Belgium's towns and cities, this could represent civilisation, and that Belgium was trying to stop Germany from destroying their civilisation and hurting the innocent public. ...read more.

Conclusion

The main ones were: Russia's readiness to fight and the speed they mobilised, Germany had thought Russia would take 6 weeks to prepare for war, as the transport and communication lines in Russia were so bad, and everyone was so spread out. In reality it only took Russia 4 weeks to mobilise and start sending troops towards Germany, this meant Germany had to send 100,000 troops back to defend the Eastern Front. The contributions, speed and proficiency of the BEF also played a big part in the failure of the Schlieffen Plan. The BEF was a crack team of soldiers, specially trained to be able to get across to Belgium and France quickly if war broke out. They, and France first held up Germany in the Battle of Marne, in September 1914. France's troops were so desperate to get back to the first line to defend their country that they actually used taxis to get to the front line in time; they still had to pay the full going rates. Although Belgium was not part of the Triple Entente, they still played a valuable part in delaying the Germans, helping the Schlieffen plan to fail. They held up Germany at the Fort in Belgium for far longer than expected allowing the rest of the factors to happen. It could be said it was only possible because of their effort. Matthew Dobson 10/05/2007 History Mr Wright 3 ...read more.

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