Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: History
  • Document length: 1172 words

Why did the Assassination of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand Start WW1?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the Assassination of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand Start WW1? The assassination 'Sunday the 28th of June 1914 was a very bright and extremely hot day in Sarajevo. Sarajevo in Bosnia was preparing for a very rare royal visit. The streets had been specially decked out for the royal visit and colourful Turkish rugs had bean hung out along Apel Quay where the procession was going to take place.' The Austrian-Hungarian empire in central Europe had expanded; it had taken control of Bosnia. (A small country in the Balkans) Serbia, who was close neighbour to Bosnia and shared the nationality of being a Slav along side countries such as Russia. Russia and Serbia tried to stand up to Serbia. However, Germany told Russia that it supported Austria. Russia and Serbia backed down so not to risk war but by building up, their army's they would not be caught out again. This made situations even tenser than they already were inside Austria as there were many different nationalities being treated as unfairly as minorities. ...read more.

Middle

Although, it had to sort out a few rivalries. Britain was concerned about France who also had a growing empire in the 19th century; it also had concerns about a powerful empire in the east, Russia. Above all Britain was concerned about Germany and its growing power and want for foreign empires. By the early 20th century, Britain had sorted matters with France by coming to agreements with colonies in North Africa. Russia meanwhile had been beaten in a war with Japan, which weakened them a little. Britain began to have friendly negotiations with France and Russia. Britain, France and Russia were all worried about growing German power in central Europe as they had just beaten France in a recent war and had stood up to Russia when Austria took over Bosnia. Britain signed an agreement with France in 1904 and Russia in 1907. The Triple Ente was formed. The arms race Germany felt surrounded, it was almost sure that the Ente was planning something. It still however planned to increase its empire by building a fleet of ships which was second largest to that of the U.K. ...read more.

Conclusion

Why did the assassination spark WW1? In 1905, the people of Morocco were in a struggle against there French leaders. Kaiser Wilhelm showed his support for the Moroccan people. France was furious. He wanted to be a major power in Africa. Except he was humiliated, when the people rejected his views and international powers made him back down. The Kaiser was furious. In 1911, he sent a gunboat to establish a naval base in the territory. Again, he was made to back down. This was just another event that could have triggered the war, as it was a reason for France to declare war on Germany. Fortunately, it did not. The major powers were only looking for excuses to declare war on each other. The fact of the matter is that this was not the reason they used. Instead, they used the assassination to start the war. The want to further empires was a major part to play in the causes of the war. Nevertheless, the most important role in the causes of the war was the fact that everyone was preparing for war and NOT! Settling down and discussing with each other how to prevent it. James Gardiner WW1 assessment 25/09/02 James Gardiner Page 1 5/7/2007 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Describe the Causes of WW1

    It is the wanting to expand their country's boundaries into new areas in order to acquire the opportunities that the new land held. In the early part of the twentieth century, militarism was as prominent as ever, with the recent industrial revolution being the main factor.

  2. Cause Behind WW1

    None of the plotters were over 27 which means they were too young to remember the Ottoman Regime. Their anger over conditions in Bosnia seems directed simply at the visible characters of authority. The assassins were not advanced political thinkers; most of them were still high school students.

  1. How far was Germany to blame for causing WW1

    In 1911 the Agadir Crisis took place. There was an uprising in Morocco and so Germany decided to send out a Gunboat as Kaiser felt it was for Germany's own protection. This caused great unease throughout the nations and all countries began preparing their armies even though they didn't want it to come to that.

  2. Why did World War I start in 1914 and not earlier?

    The same thing applied for France, Britain, Austria-Hungary and Russia, whose industrial production dramatically increased in those years, too. Additionally, as already stated in the paragraph about the alliance system, a balance of power was still of priority for many countries in Europe, especially in the case of military capability.

  1. Causes of WW1

    What did Serbia want out of this? She hoped that both herself and Bosnia would unite to form a new Balkan state. Austria decided that Serbia must be punished and planned to invade her. Serbia called on her old friend Russia to help her.

  2. Why did WW1 break out?

    The Russians hated the German support to Austria-Hungary in the Balkans and again tension was building between the two alliances, like a powder-keg about to blow up. Asha Samrai The arms race was significant, and in my opinion, more significant to the outbreak of war than the tension in the

  1. Describe the short term causes of WW1.

    Austria-Hungary now felt threatened and decided that they wanted continuation of Ottoman control, because it did not want more independent countries in the Balkans due to Russia, thus they also wanted less Russian influence within the Balkan region, however there was a problem in which the Ottomans could no longer

  2. What where the causes of WW1

    This wave of national pride became a major problem for the Austro-Hungarian Empire as they attempted to maintain a form of order and control within the annexed area of Bosnia. This power was placed under threat due to the Slavonic peoples dislike of their Austro-Hungarian superiors and their desire to

  • Over 180,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work

Marked by a teacher

This essay has been marked by one of our great teachers. You can read the full teachers notes when you download the essay.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review on the essay page.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review under the essay preview on this page.