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Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain(TM)s major cities in the early years of the Second World

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Introduction

Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of the Second World War? Before the war in 1939 the British government evacuated 11/2 million children, mothers and teachers, pregnant women and some disabled from the cities and big towns due to the fear of air raids. School children were mainly evacuated to smaller towns and villages in the country as it was a safer area to be in. However it didn't all go smoothly as Hitler didn't bomb as expected for around 9 months many mothers decided to bring their children home and because of this had to be re evacuated which the government had to then persuade them. I'd say that a long-term reason for the evacuations was the panic that the Germans caused when they bombed Britain back in WW1. ...read more.

Middle

The British government therefore wanted to defend against air raids, so they started handing out free gas masks in case of gas attack as gas is what really scared the British. They also started to sell bomb shelters and water hoses to the public to use in an emergency such as an air raid. They also used propaganda to help keep morale up. They started to practise air raid drills and build of massive air raid shelters for the public to use when they where not at home. Artillery stations were positioned around cities to shoot down enemy aircraft. They became very useful and was the best defence we had over our cities. However the government still believed that evacuation was going to be the best option. The government used a lot of propaganda throughout the war which had a great impact on the British people. ...read more.

Conclusion

Hitler's main aim was to break British morale, which is a key point in winning the war however this didn't work due to the strength of the British public and the propaganda used by the government to keep Britain's spirits up. If a lot of children had been killed it would have been so much more difficult. I believe that evacuations were the best possible answers to many of the wartime problems which is why the government arranged it. Not only saving Thousands of lives but it also kept up morale which was needed as death would change peoples state of mind causing them to not function correctly. Another reason that I believe in is that the British public didn't lose faith in the war effort and Government as less people were dying. However I have some suspicion that they may have done this so that the children would grow up and it would save a whole generation of people and that it would enable women to work. ...read more.

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