• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain(TM)s major cities at the start of the Second World War?

Extracts from this document...


Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities at the start of the Second World War? Evacuation began before war was declared in 1939 and over 1.5 million children were evacuated out of major cities and towns to the countryside where it was thought to be safer. There were many reasons for the Government's decisions on evacuations but not all of them were rational, as much of the government's information about the upcoming war was incorrect. The government knew how the aftermath of the First World War had affected the British and how they had suffered, they didn't want a repeat to such an awful extent. The number of deaths in the First World War was a huge number in both the military and amongst civilians but it was predicted that more were to be killed and injured during the Second World War due to the improvement of technology. ...read more.


The first attack on Britain was in January 1915 when two Zeppelins bombed Great Yarmouth and King's Lynn, killing two people and damaging houses. The Germans continued to use Zeppelin airships to attack London in 1915 and 1916 but this eventually stopped due to British defences. All of these attacks on Britain helped build up fear among the people and caused a psychological impact that Britain was no longer safe as an island. The attack during the Spanish Civil War was a showcase of Hitler's new and improved weaponry but this feared the British because there was an uncertainty on how far Hitler's technology had developed. Previously, the German's had made 103 air raids during the First World War killing over 1,400 people and injuring 4,000. The estimates of bombing for the Second World War were hugely exaggerated as it was assumed that 100,000 tons of high explosives would be dropped on Britain in the first fourteen days. ...read more.


The devastation of war was likely to lower the morale of the public and that when the attacks did occur it was expected that the poor would panic so it was thought best to evacuate the poorer families to prevent any further panic within the public. Otherwise it was possible that the poor would disperse to the wealthier areas and begin looting off them. If the public morale was hugely impacted, the government was scared that major cities would be brought to a standstill and no progression would be made. Therefore, because of these reasons the British Government decided to evacuate children from major cities. I think that the initial reasons out those explained above are that the government knew how war had impacted Britain previously, how devastating it was, how long to it for the country to rebuild itself not just physically but mentally and that the children were their future generation. They would be the ones who would be affected by the aftermath of the war and its consequences. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    What Were the Consequences of the First World War for the British People 1914 ...

    4 star(s)

    up, so the producers kept all this behind closed doors until they genuinely needed to be used. They also didn't introduce the new technology because the market for this type of thing was striving, so there was hardly a high need for their introduction.

  2. Discuss the impact of the Second World War on Britain.

    Sharing bomb shelters and going through the experience of the evacuation of children cut class barriers. The British all listed to the BBC broadcasts which played an important role in war effort. The war therefore had an important impact on British society.

  1. Explain the importance of the battle of Britain as a turning point of the ...

    The Battle of Britain overcomes the Blitz as a turning point, meaning that the Battle of Britain is still the most important point we've discussed Another important turning point was Operation Dynamo also known as the Dunkirk evacuation, on 26th May 1940 the Allied evacuation of Dunkirk started and it lasted until the 4th June.

  2. What was the extent of change in the role of the UK government in ...

    He had the mentality of a soldier and understood war in a way that was beyond Chamberlain. He was a formidable leader, and an excellent public speaker, which helped in multiple ways. His speeches were inspiringly patriotic; his "finest hour" address was particularly encouraging to the British people.

  1. Explain the Differing Reactions of People in Britain to the Policy of Evacuating Children ...

    Source 19 is also a piece of propaganda produced to try and convince parents to leave their children in the countryside. A ghostly image of Adolf Hitler is whispering in a mother's ear "Take them back! Take them back!" This poster was also produced in 1940, but I believe it

  2. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in ...

    Source: Range of propaganda used by the British Government. Some families, instead of leaving it to the Government plan of evacuation, decided to use private evacuation. This was where children were sent to families that their parents knew rather than a host family that the children had never met before.

  1. Evacuation in Britain during the Second World War

    On the other hand, like all sources, it has its limitations. The interview took place in 1988, almost fifty years after evacuation happened. Consequently, there may be some problems with the quality of the interviewed teacher's memory, so it could be unintentionally inaccurate.

  2. To What extent was Britain a Democracy by 1914

    ��x���|\�g�_iV�Y�k�xwV����X�(-�W���q]Lφi�ɭ#N�'��������(r)U9W�� �]�w?Z<m� �_ t-O��7�-����5��iØ)�PX�̣��կ x��3/40Ò¬5� k-(r)�u� �(tm)q]�[ T�Gj����a�j?��h��o������Ѻ��'�O(tm)���)�d��'l��x�A���$��!����\X�V3/4C(r)E<�$��t�...f����-�?5�;p+��1/2妺|(r)��=5�*D(c)�1/4W7(r)�h��N�z�'k�$�;w1/4�[���2ρ"��� �L� �`�-�...|[��V�>">�(c)� �%��D f8"� 3ɯ�W��>h�_h3����Eqo�!�笠��(tm)<��6z��.'��l�1N� �H#��� �I�+Æ�5�Æ2x�O��x��1/4;�(c)4�? K4{ Q�G(c)���"�1/4�3/4r�8�EE�(tm)"=4*�1/2z-R#�*(r)�-����� �-�%�?H�M��}C� -�(r)a���S��pg�bU P�=q�f"{�����U��k���3/4 ��εs��.���1/4�9���v Ü� >�,|/��>� �_ ~�Z'�&�;�-L�~ �@��Ú�;�w��P3 �#_'2(c)�)x-��Ú>2����S�u8e���S�<إ����(r)Gf�(tm)�����]��9����m���Â:��/��3/4��-�]Y�Y�x�D�-��x�D��u ��;�K"o-x]w#�� EU�1/4_� �~!�&"(r)��v����{��4���1�dw`2F�g���� �c��L�3k� �Z��"1/43�$�^� ]RH@Xn6""�$1/4Af"l'QMx3/4����?���a�{���|m�]h:-ơ�{F�1/41/2g��Q"���-�PY.|��m� )9.pN\���{}�_7��u�QF�/3�}<3/4~����m/�^�-�M7]���{8o�|�Y "�6�7�^�WE�"�s7-�I �ʲb>����~Kx� 5�O ��O�<E�O |G��-��i�_��"""1/4K��GMJ�ygcswH��`%n��-(r)w�`��t/ x�g��S��^��-����1/46�w��=L�mF�-�D���+�Y D�353/4W��"�ۯs��Û����}�����G"�Úw��K?�"T1���'�E}(r)iu-���_@-la{��-dhcU,IU�t� �� ��#��W�z����..._��)a�l�X�{��e�Y�H���l)<eYC3��?`?...� ���3/4 �ß| ����^ �tZ��E�n����e'����.�dgm�2d��"�뭴�O�"i�ͦ-v��O�"���� :-�<%��oZ�~��=G�3/4�c&�(c)_]ΰç�$fG�f|yH� ��1/2���@��mot}oI�m'�;�d��IX�eH<" �z��U�~�~-�-�1/2+�^?�a~|�k�

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work