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Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain(TM)s major cities in the early years of the Second World War?

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Introduction

12th January 2009 Rojina dorodvand, Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of the Second World War? Evacuation was the mass departure of people from danger zones e.g. London, Sheffield, Yorkshire, Kent and many more. The evacuee's, the people being removed were children, expectant mothers and old and ill people, the people who would not be able to fend for themselves. The British Government would want these people evacuated as soon as possible to reduce the number of casualties likely to occur, keeping the moral and work standard of the people involved in the war effort high. The Government realized after WW1 that women were an invaluable source in wartime; they also knew that they had to save the children so they decided to evacuate both of them. ...read more.

Middle

Another reason why children were evacuated during the war was so that it would free up adults' lives so they could concentrate on the war effort because the children would not be at home. For example, the men were conscripted if they were between the ages of eighteen to forty one years old and women worked in women's land armies, factories or nursing work between the ages of nineteen to thirty years old. This helps to explain why the Government evacuated the children because the men and women would not have to look after their children so they could focus on helping for the war effort and also the men older than forty one would help in the Home Guard. Plus all war effort work was well paid. ...read more.

Conclusion

Overall the British Government decided to evacuate the children from Britain's major cities in the early years of the Second World War because children needed to take up key jobs after the war which links to another reason which is that children are the 'future of the nation.' Other reasons are that it would reduce the death rate and would therefore mean that morale is kept high, it would protect the children from witnessing the terrors of war and there had been important developments in technology to do with planes since the First World War so that made air attacks on cities more likely. The main reason was that it would free up adults' time to concentrate on helping the war effort because that meant the men and women could help with the war effort without having to worrying about looking after their children because they were not living with them anymore and that the war effort would help all those that needed it. ...read more.

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