• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities at the start of the Second World War?

Extracts from this document...


Centre No. 34223 Name: Fiona Taylor The Belvedere Academy Liverpool Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities at the start of the Second World War? Evacuation was an idea formed from the lessons learned in World War One when around fourteen hundred of the civilians of Britain had been killed in just over a hundred raids. The Second World War however, affected the lives of the public much more. As in previous wars, there was the worry of family and friends dieing fighting for the country, but this time the war was actually fought on British land. This meant that there was a very high level of danger for the civilians due to the threat of gas attacks and the bombing raids which left a large amount of destruction. ...read more.


Another reason for the evacuation was that it would keep children away from any ruined buildings and the temptation to look 'brave' in front of their friends. The bombed out buildings would have been very weak and there would have a chance that the building could give way and kill someone. Younger children would not have had the ability to move very fast if there was a raid, therefore increasing their chances of being hit or even causing somebody else's death by either getting in the way or if someone were to try and help the child escape. Also, as there would have been masses of injured children, they would have taken up a lot of the much-needed space in the hospitals that was needed for any injured soldiers that had been sent home or for adults that had been injured. ...read more.


A government that had failed its first task would not have had the public's confidence. Older children were needed to be kept safe, this was because as well as it being unnecessary death, the youths were able to be trained as future soldiers and were also needed to form future generations. There would have been a massive drop in population after the war due to child deaths as there would have been very few people left able to create families. Overall, the evacuation processes prevented much death and trauma in Britain and as a bonus, gave many people who had never been to the countryside an insight to what life was like there and left many with a life-long love of the countryside. ?? ?? ?? ?? Fiona Taylor 11R ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Describe British rule in India at the end of the First World War.

    It recommended a united India with protection for Muslims. The provinces were to be grouped together so that the Hindu majority and the Muslim majority were combined. Although this Mission was thought of as the best the British government could offer Nehru and Congress still aimed for a united India.

  2. What was the Contribution of Technology towards Winning the War for Britain?

    Therefore, positive morale was created. What's more, people relied on newspapers for news which led to people being given the wrong information on some occasions. In addition, the government decided to set up tank banks and piggy banks were made.

  1. History Extension Major Work- The 1932-33 Bodyline Series

    vice-captain Bob Wyatt pursue other members of the Australian side with this form of bowling? The answer to this is simple, physical intimidation. Bill O'Reilly's biography mentions that 'a plan to nobble Bradman was almost certainly foremost in the minds of the English selectors'8 and that "if the scheme also worked against the others that would be a collateral benefit".

  2. Gallic war

    Decree passed in Senate which exempt Pompey from age restrictions, as was still 7 years too young. Piracy and lex Gabinia * Piracy was big problem in Eastern Mediterranean ? pirates captured cities, sacked/plundered religious sanctuaries and caused general mayhem on Italian coastline.

  1. In what ways were the lives of children on the home front affected by ...

    Before films started there were overviews about the War but often children thought it was annoying that they couldn't watch the films because outside, bombings may be happening all the time and so they would have to leave the cinema.

  2. There is plenty to suggest that women never got away from their traditional role. ...

    The historian Carol Harris shows that the women were still at home however she devoted a whole book to women so her interpretation could be more reliable. This could be a useful source because she has the knowledge, experience and sources to use in this age however she is a

  1. How did the Second World War effect life in wartime Britain?

    They believed that Hitler had been chosen to rule the German people and lead them to glory and the glory of Germany was more important than anything else. The idea that sparked the Second World War was Lebensraum, which means living space, the Nazis wanted to conquer parts of Eastern

  2. What was the contribution of tanks towards winning the war for Britain?

    travelled at 2 miles per hour leaving it prone to gun fire. This 14 ton chunk of steel was a 14 ton gas can, that could not cross trenches (it would nose-dive into the trench) let alone the required length of 5 ft.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work