• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities at the start of the Second World War?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities at the start of the Second World War? Introduction There was five reasons in total why the British government decided to evacuate children at the start of the second world war, they were the fear of huge civilian casualties, major development in technology, rationing, women were able to do war work in the factories, and control. The most important one to me was the fear of huge civilian casualties. The government felt they had to evacuate the children from the major cities to the countryside because they feared being bombed. This wasn't the first case where the government feared huge civilian deaths, there were threats from Zeppelins in 1922 and there were predictions of 4,000,000 civilian casualties. ...read more.

Middle

New equipment and more effective weapons made a big difference to how people reacted to war, they obviously had developed more dangerous weapons and the more effective the weapon the more deaths. The evacuation of the children at the start of the Second World War was successful in so far as they did evacuate masses of children and some adults from towns to countryside but after the successful German attack on Poland (Poland surrendered) in September 1939, little progress was made in this war and became known as the "Phoney war". Some mothers brought their children back as they thought there wasn't really a war, but by May an attack on France urged mother for a second evacuation. This links in with the rationing and women at work. ...read more.

Conclusion

The last reason for evacuation was control. The government controlled everything, they controlled when the evacuation should take place how and where to, they issued a leaflet titled "evacuation-why and how?" this was all part of propaganda. The government also evacuated children from the towns to the countryside so they would seem caring to the civilians, and gain their trust to keep the war effort going. They said that if they evacuated children from Britain overseas to different countries that there would be fewer mouths to feed in Britain. I conclude that the British government decided to evacuate children from major cities at the start of the Second World War because of the huge civilian casualties; personally I feel they all played a part in evacuation but this was the most important although each reason could be argued to be the most important reason. Leanne Allen Leanne Allen ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Evacuation in Britain during the Second World War

    If this were the case, she would know a lot more about the reality of evacuation to have as a starting point for her novel, so it would be more reliable. However, there are a lot of points that make the source unreliable as well.

  2. Discuss the impact of the Second World War on Britain.

    The war caused many British people to look differently at recent history, especially concerning communism. It seemed different to the British when the Soviet Union was an ally (from 1941). During the Great Depression of the 1930s, the USA, Britain and Western Europe was struggling economically, but the USSR was dealing with the situation very well.

  1. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain(TM)s major cities in ...

    If there was low morale, soldiers might loose the will to fight making it easier for the Germans to beat Britain in the war. Also, low morale would cause civilians on the home front to be less patriotic. This would mean the civilians might ignore rationing, buy unnecessary items or

  2. Why did Children Work in the Mills

    In addition to, children were well looked after. Their health was taken care of and they worked for a decent amount of time. For example a source written by William Dodd, a former factory worker in 1841 said "At the Bradford factory of Mr John Wood, workers looked healthy.

  1. Evacuation in the Second world War.

    Evacuation did prevent a lot of children and vulnerable people loosing their lives. The period of time when evacuation happened but bombs failed to cause much of an impact was called the "Phoney War". Consequently many mothers felt it was pointless being separated from their children when they were not in a great deal of danger.

  2. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in ...

    As the children are happy about being evacuated. Seen as though it is these children in the evacuation then if they are happy, they see it as a success.

  1. What was the extent of change in the role of the UK government in ...

    He had the mentality of a soldier and understood war in a way that was beyond Chamberlain. He was a formidable leader, and an excellent public speaker, which helped in multiple ways. His speeches were inspiringly patriotic; his "finest hour" address was particularly encouraging to the British people.

  2. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in ...

    In the 21 years between the world wars, technology improved greatly, particularly in aircraft. Long gone were the days of the Red Baron in his Fokker Dr.1 Tri-plane, but the Luftwaffe had created a new range of planes of jet fighters, bombers and reconnaissance planes.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work