• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities at the start of the Second World War?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities at the start of the Second World War? Introduction There was five reasons in total why the British government decided to evacuate children at the start of the second world war, they were the fear of huge civilian casualties, major development in technology, rationing, women were able to do war work in the factories, and control. The most important one to me was the fear of huge civilian casualties. The government felt they had to evacuate the children from the major cities to the countryside because they feared being bombed. This wasn't the first case where the government feared huge civilian deaths, there were threats from Zeppelins in 1922 and there were predictions of 4,000,000 civilian casualties. ...read more.

Middle

New equipment and more effective weapons made a big difference to how people reacted to war, they obviously had developed more dangerous weapons and the more effective the weapon the more deaths. The evacuation of the children at the start of the Second World War was successful in so far as they did evacuate masses of children and some adults from towns to countryside but after the successful German attack on Poland (Poland surrendered) in September 1939, little progress was made in this war and became known as the "Phoney war". Some mothers brought their children back as they thought there wasn't really a war, but by May an attack on France urged mother for a second evacuation. This links in with the rationing and women at work. ...read more.

Conclusion

The last reason for evacuation was control. The government controlled everything, they controlled when the evacuation should take place how and where to, they issued a leaflet titled "evacuation-why and how?" this was all part of propaganda. The government also evacuated children from the towns to the countryside so they would seem caring to the civilians, and gain their trust to keep the war effort going. They said that if they evacuated children from Britain overseas to different countries that there would be fewer mouths to feed in Britain. I conclude that the British government decided to evacuate children from major cities at the start of the Second World War because of the huge civilian casualties; personally I feel they all played a part in evacuation but this was the most important although each reason could be argued to be the most important reason. Leanne Allen Leanne Allen ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Evacuation in Britain during the Second World War

    If this were the case, she would know a lot more about the reality of evacuation to have as a starting point for her novel, so it would be more reliable. However, there are a lot of points that make the source unreliable as well.

  2. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain(TM)s major cities in ...

    Also it is natural for people to want to protect children and the government probably wanted to enhance their reputation so used evacuation to show Britain that they cared. This is an important cause because the government did not want there to be low morale across Britain.

  1. Did The First World War Liberate British Women?

    Five years later in 1918, women over thirty were given the vote, mainly because of the massive contribution to the war effort made by women. This source does have a strong impact on the reader because of the nature of the event not the quality of the source and will remain in their heads.

  2. What was the extent of change in the role of the UK government in ...

    It was a chaotic system because it had to be executed as quickly and on as large a scale as possible. The children who were sent away often enjoyed a better standard of living and a chance to see the countryside.

  1. Discuss the impact of the Second World War on Britain.

    Propaganda was efficient in Britain to help develop national unity. The was some official and some unofficial propaganda. The radio was used a lot and the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) was very trusted. The Government broadcasted propaganda, very different to the Hitler's or Stalin's, the British propaganda was quite calm but serious.

  2. Why did Children Work in the Mills

    It also says that their wages are sent to them while they are off and that they still get paid when they are off so that they do not concentrate on earning money. There is also another source written by Andrew Ure, a factory owner in 1835.

  1. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in ...

    This was supervised by the air raid precautions (ARP). As well as this, Britain feared of gas attacks, so everyone was issued a gas mask for protection. There were no gas attacks in spite of this, which was lucky as the gas masks did not actually work!

  2. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in ...

    The government didn't want soldiers to be fighting the war when they were unhappy or insecure that their children were unsafe. The protection of their family would provide more hope for the soldier and for the future. The countryside in general was a much better, cleaner place than places such as the east end of London.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work