• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the British Government Decide To Evacuate Children from Britain's Major Cities at the start of WW2?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Jaimes Charles History coursework - Evacuation Why did the British Government Decide To Evacuate Children from Britain's Major Cities at the start of WW2? I n August 1938 Adolf Hitler began to make speeches to suggest he was going to send the German army into Czechoslovakia. The British government began to expect a war with the Nazis and the British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain ordered that A.R.P workers were mobilised. Cellars and basements were turned into air raid shelters and underground shelters were dug in public parks for communal use. On 3 September 1939, the people of Britain heard over the radio that war had been declared. Outline plans had been drawn up as early as 1935 after the Munich conference however they became much more detailed. ...read more.

Middle

The next area was neutral. People wouldn't have to be evacuated from these areas because they weren't considered to be dangerous but people wouldn't be evacuated to these areas either because they weren't considered to be quite safe. The last areas were places like Scotland and North Wales, which were considered to be safe and people where evacuated to these areas. Mass evacuation actually began on 1 September. The children were evacuated from train stations with their nametags and only what they could carry themselves, clothes wise. Also all the children were issued with gas masks. This was because of the awful memories of the gas attacks in world war one. Children under five were evacuated with their mothers and children of school age were evacuated with their teachers. ...read more.

Conclusion

Instead of just being able to bomb only the East Coast now they could bomb anywhere in Britain. By Christmas almost one million of the evacuees had started to return home. This was due to the phoney war. No bombing had taken place for nine months. People wanted to be evacuated again however when the bombing restarted. Many of the people who returned however weren't evacuated again. The second evacuation wasn't nearly as well organised as the first one. This was simply because it hadn't been planned for as long. Since evacuation happened there have been many critics of it. People have asked 'why?' and 'wouldn't it have been better for families to stick together?' Some people obviously had bad experiences but with a scheme so large, this is only to be expected. I have concluded that it may not have been a perfect system but it still saved millions of lives. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. To what ways and to what extent did the lives of the British people ...

    Rationing wasn't always a good thing though. For the upper class women it meant a vast reduction in the amount of food they got. Source B2 is a cartoon that gives a humorous view of something women found quite demeaning at the time.

  2. Was Britain well prepared for WW2?

    Britain's victory was very much down to luck. The fact that Goerin changed from attacking the radar stations to aircraft factories allowed the British to get back on their feet. From the Merchant Taylor's Sources, we can see that they were unprepared as Source A shows they were "such youngsters"

  1. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain(TM)s major cities in ...

    Each of the armed forces developed its own auxiliary force for women in the Second World War. Women worked alongside the men and faced the same dangers but were not allowed to fight or fire guns. Women also did important work supporting the men in the front line as nurses, intelligence service and spies.

  2. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in ...

    they searched for areas with the most light because naturally, this means there are more people. To combat this, during air raids civilians turned out all of their lights (even if driving!) and used opaqure curtains so German bombers did not know where to attack.

  1. Explain the differencing reactions /feelings of people in Britain to the policy of evacuating ...

    houses were cramped and busy as they had extra children and some mothers in their house meaning more cooking, cleaning, ironing etc. It was awkward for the foster mothers, as they had to share their house with other children and women, which were strangers to them so there were personality clashes and petty arguments.

  2. Evacuation in WW2

    To live in the city, the less financially equipped people lived in murky, small apartments in three story terraced houses that went from one end of a street to the other.

  1. Why the government decided to evacuate children during WW2

    In 1937, German bombers attacked Guernica, killing between 200 and 400 civilians. This was first time that a city had been attacked by bombers and it shocked the world. Events at Guernica caused the British Government to realise that the same tactics could be used against them.

  2. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in ...

    parents so that if the children were safe the parents could keep themselves safe easier. A few if the parents may have been able to arrange for their children to be evacuated to relatives or friends living in safer places.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work