• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the British Government Decide To Evacuate Children from Britain's Major Cities at the start of WW2?

Extracts from this document...


Jaimes Charles History coursework - Evacuation Why did the British Government Decide To Evacuate Children from Britain's Major Cities at the start of WW2? I n this my first piece of coursework on the British homefront I will be answering why the British Government evacuated children in the early years of WW2. The definition of evacuation for the government was to send out all the people who weren't going to be any help to the war. These included people like pregnant women, teachers to look after and educate the children, the old and disabled and schoolchildren. The government wanted to keep the children alive especially because they where needed to grow up to be soldiers and people of the next generation, factory workers and people to run society after the war. Although their where many reasons why the children were evacuated, the main reason I believe was the fears of the government about what would happen during the war. The government had a very intense fear of gas bomb attacks because most of them lived through WW1 and had experienced the gassing in the trenches (remembering WW1) ...read more.


The British Government had decided to organise an evacuation scheme in which Sir John Anderson was put in charge. He decided to split the country into three groups. The first was people who lived in Urban districts. These included large cities like London and ports like Liverpool. The Germans bombed Liverpool because it was the country's main port. The country's economy had changed by then. The country could no longer grow enough food to support its own people. Food had to be imported from places like America and therefore, like the First World War, they wanted to bomb the country into submission. People would have to be evacuated from these industrial areas because they were expected to be very heavily bombed. Also the Air ministry predicted that in London in the first 60 days of the war there would be 60,000 dead. These figures probably helped to influence the mass evacuation. The next area was neutral. People wouldn't have to be evacuated from these areas because they weren't considered to be dangerous but people wouldn't be evacuated to these areas either because they weren't considered to be quite safe. ...read more.


In the First World War, they didn't have very good planes. Now, however the Germans had the most powerful air fleet in the world, The Luftwaffe. Instead of just being able to bomb only the East Coast now they could bomb anywhere in Britain. By Christmas 1939, almost one million of the evacuees had started to return home. This was due to the phoney war. No bombing had taken place for nine months. People wanted to be evacuated again however when the bombing started in the summer of 1940. Many of the people who returned however weren't evacuated again. The second evacuation wasn't nearly as well organised as the first one. This was simply because it hadn't been planned for as long. The long term plans for evacuation began in the 1920's (the Imperial defence committee under John Anderson) Since evacuation happened there have been many critics of it. People have asked 'why?' and 'wouldn't it have been better for families to stick together?' Some people obviously had bad experiences but with a scheme so large, this is only to be expected. I have concluded that it may not have been a perfect system but it still saved millions of lives, which was its main aim. It also helped avoid mass panic and demoralisation. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in ...

    On top of these places, reception centres, trains, escorts, destinations, host families, the children themselves, all needed to be organised! In hindsight, it is truly amazing when considering the maths that would have been done behind the scenes to make sure there was enough of each aspect listed above for everyone who was evacuated.

  2. Why the government decided to evacuate children during WW2

    In 1937, German bombers attacked Guernica, killing between 200 and 400 civilians. This was first time that a city had been attacked by bombers and it shocked the world. Events at Guernica caused the British Government to realise that the same tactics could be used against them.

  1. Why did the British government evacuate children from Britain(TM)s major cities in the early ...

    This affair was public so everyone got to see the terror that was brought with the bombings. This brought terror to the public; the British newspapers reported the disaster as 'ghastly', they said that it was usually market day which tells the public that the attack was planned out so that civilians died.

  2. Explain the differencing reactions /feelings of people in Britain to the policy of evacuating ...

    houses were cramped and busy as they had extra children and some mothers in their house meaning more cooking, cleaning, ironing etc. It was awkward for the foster mothers, as they had to share their house with other children and women, which were strangers to them so there were personality clashes and petty arguments.

  1. Windsor Coursework

    visit, many of them were planning to attend the tours and go lego land probaly due to the children with them. Tourist must have been told or seen in a brochure the attractions of windsor and were here to view it them selves.

  2. Evacuation in WW2

    I think Source G is reliable as evidence about some evacuees because it was true that people who lived in the city were poorer than people who lived in the countryside. To live in the countryside and to own land, people had to have a considerable amount of money at their disposal.

  1. Why were major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41?

    Source E shows us that the government was concerned about morale as they were prepared to move elsewhere. It shows us that the effects were getting to people, if they could keep up morale people wouldn't move and others wouldn't be concerned and the Germans would feel that there was nothing they could do to lower the British morale.

  2. How important were Haig's tactics in bringing an end to WW1?

    It is hard to find any decisive contributions that were made by the Russians, because there weren't any. The only thing the Russians did was use up a few German resources at the cost of many lives.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work