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Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in the early years of the Second World War?

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Introduction

Emma Taylor 10P 16th December 2008 Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of the Second World War? The British Government decided to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of the Second World War because the children were the 'future of the nation.' This is a factor because if the children were not evacuated then there would be a greater danger in the children dying and then having no future generation. Another factor is it would reduce the civilian death rate because if they were not in the main target areas for bombing then there would be more chance of fewer people dying. Additionally, it would free up adults time so they could concentrate on helping with the war effort because their children would not be at home, so they would not have to look after them. Moreover, another factor is that it protects children from witnessing atrocities at home so then they will not remember horrible image. ...read more.

Middle

Plus all war effort work was well paid. Moreover, children got evacuated because they are the 'future of the nation' so if they were not evacuated then there would be no future nation. For example, people were needed to help with the reconstruction after the war to help bring the city back to the way it was before the war destroyed it and if there were no people then this could not be done. This was another important reason because some of the reconstruction jobs were politicians, doctors and teachers which helped keep the future nation educated and civil without everything dramatically changing in the public's lives. Additionally, the British Government evacuated children so that they did not have to witness the atrocities that were going to face them if they stayed at home. For example, the Blitz lasted for two months which could have put the children's lives at great risk. This also explains why the Government evacuated the children because in the first night of the Blitz it killed four hundred and thirty six people and seriously injured over one thousand six hundred people. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also the fact that there was a Spanish civil war in 1936 and that the cities were the main targets then, made it more obvious to the Government that they could be in Britain too which links into reducing the death rate. Overall the British Government decided to evacuate the children from Britain's major cities in the early years of the Second World War because children needed to take up key jobs after the war which links to another reason which is that children are the 'future of the nation.' Other reasons are that it would reduce thdeath rate and would therefore mean that morale is kept high, it would protect the children from witnessing atrocities and there had been significant developments in technology to do with planes since the First World War so that made air attacks on cities more likely. The main reason was that it would free up adults' time to concentrate on helping the war effort because that meant the men and women could help with the war effort without having to worrying about looking after their children because they were not living with them anymore and that the war effort would help all those that needed it. ...read more.

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