• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of the Second World War?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of the Second World War? In 1940 German air raids started in Britain. Children were evacuated as early as 1939 from the fear of being bombed. There were four main reasons for the children being evacuated so early; the safety of the future generation, boosting the populations morale, freeing mothers to work for the government and giving the children better opportunities to learn about personal hygiene and develop agricultural skills. One of the reasons for evacuation was the safety of young or pregnant mothers and also to protect the future generation. Even though they were evacuated in 1939 the air raids did not start until September 1940. This led to women and children being brought back home and then sent away again. The time when the German bombing started was known as the "Blitz". Before the Blitz in the summer of 1940 the Germans had planned to invade Britain but were stopped by the Royal Air Force. ...read more.

Middle

Also only one month later Luxemburg, Holland and Belgium were also conquered. The Germans attacked France. The British troops tried to help the French but were driven back to Dunkirk at the end of May. On the 22nd of June 1940 the French surrendered and Britain now stood on its own against Germany. During August 1940 German bombers started attacking the RAF bases and defences, but on 7th September they started attacking residential and industrial areas. After all these events the Government needed to boost the morale of the country so they could try their best to help in the war effort and to ensure that they should panic. The Government used propaganda posters to show the population that they were doing something about what has happened in and out of the country. Consequently the Government wanted to boost the morale of the citizens so they can work for them, making them sure that their children were safe it would make them produce more goods for the war. ...read more.

Conclusion

This led to widespread unemployment and poverty for the working class. This affected children so they lived with poor sanitation and bad diets. Children and young mothers were able to experience better living conditions in the countryside such as clean air, open spaces, personal hygiene and opportunities to develop farming or other agricultural skills. But not all children got better living conditions. Some even got worse living conditions having to fetch their own water and live in less developed farming areas. Not only did it give children better opportunities, it showed the better off middle and upper class how deprived the poor working class in London were. Consequently the children were evacuated to give them the opportunity to improve on their hygiene and healthcare. In conclusion to this I believe the government had many reasons why they evacuated children, from keeping as many people for the future generation alive as possible to manipulating mothers to work for the country. There wasn't just one important factor there were many and they were as important as each other. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Evacuation in Britain during the Second World War

    So I should look at these to. I am going to investigate whether or not it was successful for the evacuees, the host families, the government and the country as a whole, to enable me to judge whether or not evacuation was overall a great success.

  2. Why were British Civilians affected by World War 2?

    This was due to the fact that in 1939 more than half the food eaten in Britain came from overseas so was limited on out breaking of the war. Rationing could be viewed as affecting civilians as it last for fourteen years and carried on for nine years after the

  1. What was the extent of change in the role of the UK government in ...

    Those reporters would broadcast accounts of British forces in action, in order to reassure the listeners that progress was being made. Morale was kept up with comedy programmes such as "Its that man again". There were also programmes designed to encourage the British work hard, making good use of the 'stiff upper lip' mentality.

  2. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in ...

    The gas masks were still carried in the countryside, to ensure minimum risk of life. During the war, the Government knew that many men would be going to fight in the war. In 1937, there were only 200,000 men in the armed forces whilst the Wehrmacht, the German armed forces, had over 8 million men.

  1. Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in ...

    Although often gruesome (as in the above incident), it was successful. At one period, Britain came within its last stores of food, only enough to last a couple of weeks.

  2. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in ...

    Words such as "we" in bold lettering are used to relate to the reader. Source: Memo.

  1. Why did Children Work in the Mills

    O dear! Pray forgive me!" This source shows a lot of action in it. It shows children being threatened by adults who would hit them with a strap. Over all these sources and information tell us that life for children working in the mills was traumatising.

  2. why did the british government decide to evacuate children in the early years of ...

    For children like Shropshire Archive, life was not bad. In fact it was educational for these children as they learned basic knowledge, such as where milk and apple came from. These children also had to work in farms. Despite this success from the government, there were always other peoples who didn't have a good foster parent.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work