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Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in the early years of the Second World War.

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Introduction

Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of the Second World War. There were five reasons why the British government decided to evacuate children at the start of the Second World War; they were the fear of huge civilian casualties, major development in technology, rationing, war effort and control. The government felt they had to evacuate the children from the major cities to the countryside because they knew that in a modern war, civilians would be targeted. For example during the Spanish civil war in Guernica the Germans did a test on bombing cities from the air and many unnecessary deaths occurred, this provoked the government's decision on evacuation as they feared the horror of new aerial warfare. Before the war, the British Government calculated that 100,000 tons of bombs would be dropped on London in 2 weeks, with each ton causing 50 casualties. There were then predictions of 4,000,000 civilian casualties over the period of time in which the war was to last for. ...read more.

Middle

New equipment and more effective weapons made a big difference to how people reacted to war, they obviously had developed more dangerous weapons and the more effective the weapon the more deaths. This lead to total war. Everyone in the country in one way or another was helping to contribute to the war effort, no matter how old or young they were. This links in with the rationing and women at work. The government thought that it would help the countries rationing policy if children were evacuated. They said that they could grown their own food in the countryside and there shouldn't be any worry about them going hungry due to lack of food. With the children in countryside growing their own food this leaves the towns with more food. The governments wouldn't be under so much stress as they wouldn't have to worry about feeding all the people in the country as this was extra pressure on them. Evacuating the children would then free the women of the cities allowing them to take over the roles of the men, producing artillery. ...read more.

Conclusion

Modern technology would be easier to bring the war over to Britain and more civilians would be injured. As this was a risk, by evacuating children to the countryside less were likely to be bombed they would reduce the death rate. They chose children for evacuation because the parents involved in the war effort would be able to concentrate and wouldn't have to worry about the safety of their child. Also children are the next generation and if they were killed there would be no one to pick up the pieces after the war and in years to come. Also a final reason was that, in my opinion, the government was trying to sweeten the British people because they were partly responsible for the war. Hitler was able to get whatever he wanted because they had used policy of appeasement. The failure of the policy meant that it was foreseeable that a war was imminent against Germany and it placed the population of Britain in danger. Evacuation was a way of trying to make up for previous policy failure. ?? ?? ?? ?? Lizzie Harrison ...read more.

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