• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in the early years of the Second World War.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of the Second World War. There were five reasons why the British government decided to evacuate children at the start of the Second World War; they were the fear of huge civilian casualties, major development in technology, rationing, war effort and control. The government felt they had to evacuate the children from the major cities to the countryside because they knew that in a modern war, civilians would be targeted. For example during the Spanish civil war in Guernica the Germans did a test on bombing cities from the air and many unnecessary deaths occurred, this provoked the government's decision on evacuation as they feared the horror of new aerial warfare. Before the war, the British Government calculated that 100,000 tons of bombs would be dropped on London in 2 weeks, with each ton causing 50 casualties. There were then predictions of 4,000,000 civilian casualties over the period of time in which the war was to last for. ...read more.

Middle

New equipment and more effective weapons made a big difference to how people reacted to war, they obviously had developed more dangerous weapons and the more effective the weapon the more deaths. This lead to total war. Everyone in the country in one way or another was helping to contribute to the war effort, no matter how old or young they were. This links in with the rationing and women at work. The government thought that it would help the countries rationing policy if children were evacuated. They said that they could grown their own food in the countryside and there shouldn't be any worry about them going hungry due to lack of food. With the children in countryside growing their own food this leaves the towns with more food. The governments wouldn't be under so much stress as they wouldn't have to worry about feeding all the people in the country as this was extra pressure on them. Evacuating the children would then free the women of the cities allowing them to take over the roles of the men, producing artillery. ...read more.

Conclusion

Modern technology would be easier to bring the war over to Britain and more civilians would be injured. As this was a risk, by evacuating children to the countryside less were likely to be bombed they would reduce the death rate. They chose children for evacuation because the parents involved in the war effort would be able to concentrate and wouldn't have to worry about the safety of their child. Also children are the next generation and if they were killed there would be no one to pick up the pieces after the war and in years to come. Also a final reason was that, in my opinion, the government was trying to sweeten the British people because they were partly responsible for the war. Hitler was able to get whatever he wanted because they had used policy of appeasement. The failure of the policy meant that it was foreseeable that a war was imminent against Germany and it placed the population of Britain in danger. Evacuation was a way of trying to make up for previous policy failure. ?? ?? ?? ?? Lizzie Harrison ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Evacuation in Britain during the Second World War

    to make it more entertaining, it is still probably true that many evacuees found it hard to integrate into a different social class, so, in this way, evacuation was not a success. To fully examine the success of evacuation, it is necessary to look at it from the point of view of the host families as well.

  2. Why did the British Government Decide To Evacuate Children from Britain's Major Cities at ...

    Also all the children were issued with gas masks. This was because of the awful memories of the gas attacks in world war one. Children under five were evacuated with their mothers and children of school age were evacuated with their teachers.

  1. What was the extent of change in the role of the UK government in ...

    They drove convoys and some ever worked as code breakers in Bletchley Park. The formed a significant portion of civil defence, fire service and land army. Women far exceeded expectations, proving they could not only do the tasks men did for a living but do them better.

  2. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in ...

    Jet fighters, such as the Messerschmitt series, were much faster than Britain's Spitfire. Reconnaissance planes were the most worrying to the British Government; the Heinkel He 46 could carry twenty ten-kilogram bombs, which could prove devastating for civilians. Being a reconnaissance plane, it was smaller than the bombers and fighters, but could still cause a lot of damage.

  1. Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in ...

    One measure was the introduction of blackouts. After a certain time, all people in major cities were told to prevent any light from being visible. Windows were blacked out, streetlamps turned off, and car headlights had to be covered. The ARP (Air Raid Precautions)

  2. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britains major cities in ...

    to go to war - their desperation was so great that they allowed their enemy to expand from a country which they could have easily 'put in place', to a threat to the whole of Europe. They had been so intent on preventing a war that they had not planned for the possibility of a war happening!

  1. Why did Children Work in the Mills

    entered the names of all children and young persons employed, the dates of the lime-washing, and some other particulars. Certificates of school attendance were to be obtained in the case of children." This information suggests to us that surgeons were appointed and children's health were monitored.

  2. why did the british government decide to evacuate children in the early years of ...

    families back home had been evacuated and were all fine and safe, this was to boost the morale for the British troops. This would encourage them to work harder, to ensure Britain would be a safe place for their children to grow up. Evacuation also gave the woman a role.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work