• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from major cities in the Second World War

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the British government decide to evacuate children from major cities in the Second World War? During the first few months of the war evacuation was voluntary and introduced to try and save the lives of children and the vulnerable. The British government evacuated children from the major cities and ports because they were potential air raid targets for German bombers. Almost 3.5 million people were moved to try and keep casualties down by the end of the war most of them were children. The British government evacuated children from major cities because they were at risk of bombing raids. The government expected 600,000 deaths due to bombing raids in just the first few days of the war. ...read more.

Middle

Churchill thought that it was important to keep up morale so the most vulnerable were kept safe. Total Warfare meant no one was safe so every one that was considered vulnerable were evacuated such as the elderly, pregnant women, blind, disabled and children. Many children living in big cities and towns were moved temporarily from their homes to places considered safer, usually out in the countryside. The children needed to be protected because they are the next generation that will grow up to develop and run the country it was vital to protect the future citizens of the nation. That's why they were evacuated to safer places like the country side and over seas to places like Canada, Australia the United States and South Africa. ...read more.

Conclusion

The British government made evacuation voluntary to try and stay onside with the people, if some people did not want to be evacuated then they were not forced as this would have caused people to lose faith and support in the government. The fact that the evacuation took place made the soldiers that were fathers more relaxed which caused a boost in morale. The government succeeded in protecting most of the children and evacuation overall was a success. If evacuation was not introduced then they would have been a lot more deaths and morale would have been lowered which could have changed the outcome of the war. Evacuation played a crucial role in WW2 which helped defeat Germany. The British government evacuated children from major cities and ports during World War 2 for several reasons like Military reasons and political reasons. 1 Alex Brown ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. How important were Haig's tactics in bringing an end to WW1?

    In 1916, a Russian offensive, led by General Aleksey Alekseyvich Brusilov, destroyed two Austrian armies. German reinforcements soon drove the Russians back. In March 1917, the Tsar abdicated and the Provisional Government took over and continued with the war, but did so quite ineffectively.

  2. World war 1

    Source B can be trusted because it's written at the time of the war, by the man in charge. Haig was Commander in Chief of the BEF at the time and had lots of responsibility so he wouldn't lie. This might have been the only information he was given because communication in the trenches was bad.

  1. In what ways were people's lives affected by evacuation during the second world war?

    "Their clothing was in deplorable condition", "There was hardly a child with a whole pair of shoes." Children under five were evacuated with their mothers. Some host families got on very well with the evacuated mothers and would enjoy sharing their household duties together.

  2. Evacuation in Britain during the Second World War

    to make it more entertaining, it is still probably true that many evacuees found it hard to integrate into a different social class, so, in this way, evacuation was not a success. To fully examine the success of evacuation, it is necessary to look at it from the point of view of the host families as well.

  1. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain(TM)s major cities in ...

    Also it is natural for people to want to protect children and the government probably wanted to enhance their reputation so used evacuation to show Britain that they cared. This is an important cause because the government did not want there to be low morale across Britain.

  2. Did The First World War Liberate British Women?

    I think the suffragette movement did not cause the liberation for women. However I do feel that it helped suffrage as it showed the public how desperately they wanted the vote. When the First World War began in 1914, the majority of British men left to fight abroad.

  1. What was the extent of change in the role of the UK government in ...

    He had the mentality of a soldier and understood war in a way that was beyond Chamberlain. He was a formidable leader, and an excellent public speaker, which helped in multiple ways. His speeches were inspiringly patriotic; his "finest hour" address was particularly encouraging to the British people.

  2. Why did Children Work in the Mills

    The fast production of cotton produced by the power loom left thousand of hand loomed workers unemployed. Over all there is a lot of evidence that show us that life was improving for workers and especially children. In conclusion I will like to sum up what life really was like for children working in the mills.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work