• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

why did the british government decide to evacuate children in the early years of the second worl war

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Causation In August 1939 Adolf Hitler was making speeches suggesting that he was going to send Germany into Czechoslovakia. The British government began to fear that they would soon have a war with the Nazi's so they ordered Cellars and basements and air raid shelters. It was predicted that the future war could involve 600 tons of bombs per day, but however it involved 3500 tons of bombs each day. The government then also made plans of saving the children by evacuating them from the cities that would be targeted. The British government then decided to split the country into 3. One country heavy targeted one neutral and one that accepted evacuees. The British government had then a huge campaign trying persuading parents to evacuate the children. Many parents didn't want to let their children go they thought that some children couldn't be looked after in the other countries. Some children were evacuated and some weren't, but why was the British Government so determined to evacuate so many children? Many people would still remember the destruction of World War One and they would also remember the bombing and havoc that came because of this. ...read more.

Middle

This campaign was successful as the working rate of woman improved significantly. Woman did work such as producing artillery to send to the lines. This was vital, because without the women working in the factories, Britain would simply not have been able to fight. The government also wanted to ensure a good future for Britain as a country, as they knew that many of the men were likely to be killed from fighting, they needed to keep someone in the country for after the war to run the shops, factories and other businesses. As Britain decided to evacuate children from the major cities in the early years of the Second World War, there were always children who weren't evacuated for several reasons; however the life the faced in the citied was not easy. Life in the cities was terrible. Children that went to school were trained for the war. The children had to paint the shelters to make it seem colorful and fun. Children also had their gas mask always with them. ...read more.

Conclusion

London was the main target but other major cities were also bombed. Casualties were high. On the first day of bombing 430 people were killed and 1,600 badly injured. Within a few weeks the daily bombing raids had become nightly raids. Hitler decided to make the bombing raids at night to increase the 'fear factor' and also to make people weaker by not allowing them to sleep properly. People in London slept in underground stations for protection. There were public shelters in most towns, but many people built Anderson shelters in their gardens so that they had protection if they were unable to get to the public shelter. Anderson shelters were made out of corrugated iron and were very strong. A hole was dug in the garden, then the shelter was placed in the hole and it was covered with earth. An air-raid siren warned people when a raid was about to begin. Overall evacuation was a good idea as it tried to protect the most valuable thing, which was the future generation and it also managed to teach city children the life and responsibilities of urban families. However it wasn't a great success. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. World war 1

    This could mean that in source I he might just be saying nice thing because he wants Haig's support; to back him for Prime Minister. Source J is written in the 1930's, by this time Lloyd George is retired and Haig has died; so he doesn't need anyone's support anymore and can say what he wants as Haig is dead.

  2. WHO WAS TO BLAME FOR THE ENGLISH CIVIL WAR?

    He used the court of chambers to deal with people who criticised him. He made them pay heavy fines and made rich men pay to become knights. If they had refused, he still made them pay a fine anyway.

  1. Evacuation in Britain during the Second World War

    idea where we were going", showing that there was certainly an element of confusion about the journey of evacuation. The fact that the government had to bring out propaganda about the organisation of evacuation, in Source B, shows that many people must have been getting worried about how poor it was.

  2. Why did the British Government decide to evacuate children from Britain(TM)s major cities in ...

    The government decided to evacuate children because the children were considered vulnerable and helpless. Children also had longer to live than adults so their life was considered more worthy of being saved and that generation would grow up and might be used in the army to fight in other wars.

  1. What was the extent of change in the role of the UK government in ...

    "Look out in the Blackout" instructed people in the ways of the ARP wardens and how to act during a Blackout in order to prevent accidents. They were also advised when to take their blackout curtains down. They would poke fun at those people who didn't heed the warnings calling them names like "the twerps".

  2. Why did the British government evacuate children

    But for many, it became a nightmare. Many foster parents would treat the evacuees as slaves, treat them horribly, bully them and even beat them up. The children would feel abused, alone and tremendously upset. Another important reason why the government evacuated children was to protect the future generation.

  1. Why did Children Work in the Mills

    His company was worth �26,000 and he had 150 men working for him. However Greg wanted to extend his company and after marrying Hannah Lightbody in 1879 he owned another mill worth �10,000. This mill had not had any workers at the time so therefore he employed 90 children (60 boys and 30 girls)

  2. Sourcework - The impression that the British faced the Blitz with courage and unity ...

    because it's a propaganda photograph it doesn't mean that it wasn't true. Many of the people in the photograph in source C are also women, and many women during World War Two were extremely happy at the chance for them to work in the same jobs that men were doing.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work