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Why did the British Government evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of World War 2?

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Introduction

Assignment 1 Question 1 Why did the British Government evacuate children from Britain's major cities in the early years of World War 2? There are many reasons why women and children were evacuated in 1939. Evacuation is a situation in which a lot of people are removed from a place where they are thought to be in danger, to a place where they will be safe. This happened in Britain when the British government thought that the threat from the Germans was real enough to put evacuation into practice. The main reason that the British government evacuated children from Britain's major cities in the early years of World War 2 is that they feared an airborne attack from the Germans. There are long and short-term causes as to why evacuation took place. ...read more.

Middle

In 1937 German aircraft made devastating bombing raids on civilian populations in various Spanish cities. The destruction at Geurnica was particularly terrible; this was a powerful message to Britain, which then meant that panic set in. The British government now knew that if war broke out, German bombs would target civilians, which they evidently didn't want. This was probably one of the main reasons that women and children were evacuated out of the major cities in Britain, because the Government thought that an attack on civilians was imminent, and casualties among women and children would have been a huge blow to Britain's collective morale. By 1939 Hitler was threatening war. He had taken the rest of Czechoslovakia by March and his intentions were clear. This worried the British government who now thought it was time to finalise plans for evacuation, because they wanted to protect children and keep morale up through evacuation. ...read more.

Conclusion

When the Battle of Britain broke out in 1940 they were soon evacuated again. Also, in 1939 Poland was invaded and Britain thought that the Germans would attack as soon as war was declared. This was another reason for the British government to put evacuation into practice. Manchester was bombed because there were a lot of arms being built in places like Trafford Park. Because Manchester was bombed local schools had to be evacuated such as Manchester Grammar and Levenshulme High. In conclusion I think that the aims of evacuation were to preserve the future generation, maintain morale and to stop panic. I think that many children were saved from the bombs without causing panic which, in effect, kept morale fairly high. The British government had reason to fear attack from Hitler because he was rearming and his new arms that included the Luftwaffe had shown how devastating they could be (Geurnica). Kev mccrory ...read more.

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