• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the British government send troops into Northern Ireland in 1969?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the British government send troops into Northern Ireland in 1969? The troubles in Ireland go as far back as 1169 when the British first went over there under the command of Henry II. Henry II got permission from the Pope to invade Ireland because he believed that Ireland was developing its own form of Roman Catholicism. Since then British people have been living in Ireland, and this has caused conflict between the British and the Irish because the Irish Catholics didn't like living under Protestant rule. The Protestants often treated the Catholics very unfairly. One example of this is a policy called plantation. This policy was to cause serious long-term consequences. Plantation involved giving loyal Protestant supporters land that had been forcibly taken from the Catholics. This practice was made easier in 1609 when the earl of Tyrone's rebellion was defeated and 90 leading Ulster land owners fled their land enabling King James I to 'plant' his followers in their land. This caused great resentment among the Catholic population of Ulster. There was yet another rebellion in 1641 against British rule and about 12000 Protestants were killed. ...read more.

Middle

After the partition of Ireland in 1922 when Ireland and Northern Ireland split many Irish nationalists were still living in Ulster so the troubles were not over. The Catholic minority had measures taken against them to ensure Unionist control of Northern Ireland, measures like the police being allowed to recruit extra police called the B-specials many of who were ex Ulster volunteers. The B-specials treated the Catholic civilians harshly and over the course of a few years came to be hated by the Catholic community. Control was also ensured politically so even when the Protestants were in the minority they would be sure to win the vote because the vote was restricted to homeowners only. This ruled out most of the poorer Catholics and boundaries were drawn to secure the maximum number of Protestant councillors. This was a process called gerrymandering. The results of gerrymandering meant that the Unionist councils favoured the Protestant community in matters of employment and council housing. It became apparent to the Catholic community that they could not improve their poor living conditions so by the early 1960s the Catholic community started campaigning for social justice. ...read more.

Conclusion

side of the Protestants in riots causing more anger and hatred towards themselves and the Protestant community, which would in turn lead to more violence. So with a biased police force it would be almost impossible keeping the peace. Another major contributor to the violence is Ian Paisley who would stir up anger and hatred within the Protestant community against the Catholics, which would result in the violence. However, in my opinion the main factor which lead to the British army being sent to Northern Ireland in 1969 were the government policies such as gerrymandering which caused the Catholic community to be given poor housing and jobs, which in turn caused them to protest about the treatment they were receiving from local councils which would end up in violence which was mostly started by the Protestants and then this violence would be dealt with by a biased police force who could not keep the peace and would just end up contributing to the violence by taking the side of the Protestants. So in conclusion it is my opinion that the government policies in Northern Ireland after 1922 and the partition of Ireland is a long-term problem that resulted in the deployment of troops by the British government in 1969. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. The following events have all helped shape the course of Irish history in the ...

    This heightened the tension and confrontation on both sides, many Protestants resented the impression the media gave of the Catholics. The media seemed to show the Catholics as the only ones who were suffering hardships, while the privileged Protestants looked down upon them.

  2. Why was Ireland partioned in 1922?

    This was called the Anglo-Irish War. Lloyd George, the English Priminister, was facing many problems including the peace settlement following the First World War. In Ireland it was difficult to win a guerilla war and the additional troops were ineffective.

  1. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    And for the first time in the twentieth century, the Republican movement became a genuine mass organization. And that was the crucial weapon that it had at the very beginning. The IRA were very conscious that in the past they hadn't brought the community with them.

  2. "The Failure of the British to Solve the Irish Question Arises From Ignorance and ...

    After the 1920 Anglo-Irish Treaty matters got progressively worse in Northern Ireland. The partitioned government was largely Protestant, and has been described as, 'A Protestant government for Protestant people'. With only a third of the population Roman Catholics, by the 1930s there was substantial discrimination. The Police force (the RUC)

  1. There has been conflict in Northern Ireland for many centuries. But I am specifically ...

    But as more evidence is coming up more arguments can be made. Lord Widgery's inquires were made soon after 'Bloody Sunday' so maybe that evidence is better then evidence coming up 20-30 years later, because it was found just when the event had happened.

  2. Conflict in Ireland

    Therefore in my opinion the deployment of Troops was not a turning point as it did little to restore peace and caused more disruption and damage, leaving the Catholics and Protestant further apart than before. Bloody Sunday, 30 January 1972 The Civil Rights March held in the city of Derry

  1. Did Partition solve the problems in Ireland

    In Northern Ireland it was and is a different story. In the short term an immediate reaction came about in 1922 when in Belfast nationalists rose up with a sense of betrayal.

  2. Free essay

    Which Of The Following Events Has Had The Biggest Impact On The History Of ...

    Another serious consequence was the reaction of the republicans when their leaders (Pearce and Connelly) were shot. They rose with anger and this was a major factor in the IRA being formed which again like every other consequences led to even more violence in Ireland as the IRA were a

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work