• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the British government send troops into Northern Ireland in 1969?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the British government send troops into Northern Ireland in 1969? The troubles in Ireland go as far back as 1169 when the British first went over there under the command of Henry II. Henry II got permission from the Pope to invade Ireland because he believed that Ireland was developing its own form of Roman Catholicism. Since then British people have been living in Ireland, and this has caused conflict between the British and the Irish because the Irish Catholics didn't like living under Protestant rule. The Protestants often treated the Catholics very unfairly. One example of this is a policy called plantation. This policy was to cause serious long-term consequences. Plantation involved giving loyal Protestant supporters land that had been forcibly taken from the Catholics. This practice was made easier in 1609 when the earl of Tyrone's rebellion was defeated and 90 leading Ulster land owners fled their land enabling King James I to 'plant' his followers in their land. This caused great resentment among the Catholic population of Ulster. There was yet another rebellion in 1641 against British rule and about 12000 Protestants were killed. ...read more.

Middle

After the partition of Ireland in 1922 when Ireland and Northern Ireland split many Irish nationalists were still living in Ulster so the troubles were not over. The Catholic minority had measures taken against them to ensure Unionist control of Northern Ireland, measures like the police being allowed to recruit extra police called the B-specials many of who were ex Ulster volunteers. The B-specials treated the Catholic civilians harshly and over the course of a few years came to be hated by the Catholic community. Control was also ensured politically so even when the Protestants were in the minority they would be sure to win the vote because the vote was restricted to homeowners only. This ruled out most of the poorer Catholics and boundaries were drawn to secure the maximum number of Protestant councillors. This was a process called gerrymandering. The results of gerrymandering meant that the Unionist councils favoured the Protestant community in matters of employment and council housing. It became apparent to the Catholic community that they could not improve their poor living conditions so by the early 1960s the Catholic community started campaigning for social justice. ...read more.

Conclusion

side of the Protestants in riots causing more anger and hatred towards themselves and the Protestant community, which would in turn lead to more violence. So with a biased police force it would be almost impossible keeping the peace. Another major contributor to the violence is Ian Paisley who would stir up anger and hatred within the Protestant community against the Catholics, which would result in the violence. However, in my opinion the main factor which lead to the British army being sent to Northern Ireland in 1969 were the government policies such as gerrymandering which caused the Catholic community to be given poor housing and jobs, which in turn caused them to protest about the treatment they were receiving from local councils which would end up in violence which was mostly started by the Protestants and then this violence would be dealt with by a biased police force who could not keep the peace and would just end up contributing to the violence by taking the side of the Protestants. So in conclusion it is my opinion that the government policies in Northern Ireland after 1922 and the partition of Ireland is a long-term problem that resulted in the deployment of troops by the British government in 1969. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Free essay

    Which Of The Following Events Has Had The Biggest Impact On The History Of ...

    David Lloyd George's decision even though at the time thought of as the best in my opinion made the situation worse by sending the black and tans in he created a lot of the violence himself, as the saying

  2. "The Failure of the British to Solve the Irish Question Arises From Ignorance and ...

    It was irrelevant to them. For example the civil riots in Ulster were not included in Westminster's agenda one year as they were "Stormont's business". Britain had been mainly reactive in their policy making towards Northern Ireland, rather than pro-active.

  1. Did Partition solve the problems in Ireland

    As protest to this SDLP and Nationalist MP's withdrew from Stormont and made official complaints to the UN about the brutal treatment of the Catholics. To show the problems Internment caused during the four months before it 8 people died during the four months afterwards 114 were killed.

  2. Why was Ireland partioned in 1922?

    The IRB belonged to Sinn Fein. Sinn Fein were a more radical rival to John Redmond's moderate nationalist party, the IPP (Irish Political Party). There were many short-term causes that led to the partition of Ireland. Firstly, carrying on from the previous reason, the IRB and IRC decided to take

  1. The following events have all helped shape the course of Irish history in the ...

    Many people found the rising inspirational and this encouraged further violent resistance to the British rule and further support for Sinn Fein and the IRA was also set up because of this. Along with many other things the rising eventually also led to the partition of Ireland and independence for the south.

  2. Why Did the British Troops Go Into Northern Ireland in 1969?

    So, the Catholics were getting discriminated against when the marches that caused all the trouble were getting banned. This would of caused more hatred between Protestants and Catholics that would lead to more violence. Many people were worried about, with good reason.

  1. Why Did The British Government Partition Ireland in 1922?

    This was not very helpful, as most people were too weak to do any work. Many of the Nationalists affected by the potato famine (and many Nationalists afterwards) saw this British ineffectiveness as proof that the Union between Ireland and Britain as a means to control Ireland was flawed.

  2. What where the main features of Liberal Policies towards Ireland between 1906-1914.

    Initially, it was greeted by Irish Nationalists, as it raised their expectations of freedom. Funnily enough, although both Parnell and Gladstone had differed in their handling of the Irish question, the introduction of 'Home Rule' looked set to solidify a compromise between the two.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work