• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the British government send troops into Northern Ireland in 1969?

Extracts from this document...


Why did the British government send troops into Northern Ireland in 1969? The troubles in Ireland go as far back as 1169 when the British first went over there under the command of Henry II. Henry II got permission from the Pope to invade Ireland because he believed that Ireland was developing its own form of Roman Catholicism. Since then British people have been living in Ireland, and this has caused conflict between the British and the Irish because the Irish Catholics didn't like living under Protestant rule. The Protestants often treated the Catholics very unfairly. One example of this is a policy called plantation. This policy was to cause serious long-term consequences. Plantation involved giving loyal Protestant supporters land that had been forcibly taken from the Catholics. This practice was made easier in 1609 when the earl of Tyrone's rebellion was defeated and 90 leading Ulster land owners fled their land enabling King James I to 'plant' his followers in their land. This caused great resentment among the Catholic population of Ulster. There was yet another rebellion in 1641 against British rule and about 12000 Protestants were killed. ...read more.


After the partition of Ireland in 1922 when Ireland and Northern Ireland split many Irish nationalists were still living in Ulster so the troubles were not over. The Catholic minority had measures taken against them to ensure Unionist control of Northern Ireland, measures like the police being allowed to recruit extra police called the B-specials many of who were ex Ulster volunteers. The B-specials treated the Catholic civilians harshly and over the course of a few years came to be hated by the Catholic community. Control was also ensured politically so even when the Protestants were in the minority they would be sure to win the vote because the vote was restricted to homeowners only. This ruled out most of the poorer Catholics and boundaries were drawn to secure the maximum number of Protestant councillors. This was a process called gerrymandering. The results of gerrymandering meant that the Unionist councils favoured the Protestant community in matters of employment and council housing. It became apparent to the Catholic community that they could not improve their poor living conditions so by the early 1960s the Catholic community started campaigning for social justice. ...read more.


side of the Protestants in riots causing more anger and hatred towards themselves and the Protestant community, which would in turn lead to more violence. So with a biased police force it would be almost impossible keeping the peace. Another major contributor to the violence is Ian Paisley who would stir up anger and hatred within the Protestant community against the Catholics, which would result in the violence. However, in my opinion the main factor which lead to the British army being sent to Northern Ireland in 1969 were the government policies such as gerrymandering which caused the Catholic community to be given poor housing and jobs, which in turn caused them to protest about the treatment they were receiving from local councils which would end up in violence which was mostly started by the Protestants and then this violence would be dealt with by a biased police force who could not keep the peace and would just end up contributing to the violence by taking the side of the Protestants. So in conclusion it is my opinion that the government policies in Northern Ireland after 1922 and the partition of Ireland is a long-term problem that resulted in the deployment of troops by the British government in 1969. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    And we will have an army counsel made up of seven men, just as it was seven man who signed the 1916 proclamation. We will differentiate ourselves from the other Republicans simply through a campaign of resistance. We will be on the streets defending our people, we will not be

  2. The following events have all helped shape the course of Irish history in the ...

    They were a minority in Northern Ireland and by the 1960s there was rising unemployment. This meant that most of the jobs that were available were taken by Protestants. All education was split and streets had barricades down the middle of them; the Protestants and Catholics would not mix.

  1. Conflict in Ireland

    Shortly after seven people were killed in Belfast and Catholic areas were devastated after riots broke out. As Northern Ireland came closer and closer to sliding into civil war the British decided that the RUC could no longer be trusted to deal with the situation.

  2. How successful were the British Government in brining peace to Ireland?

    When tony Blair was elected Prime Minister in 1997 he attempted to bring back peace by having secret talks with the IRA with took place from 1997 through until 1998. Mo Mowlam the Northern Ireland secretary insisted that Sinn Fein should have permission to join the talks if the IRA

  1. Why was Ireland partioned in 1922?

    Also in the 1840's the IRA (Irish Republican Brotherhood) was set up. They had two branches; one being in Ireland and the other being in the United States, they were referred to as the Fenians. They believed that the only way to be able to get independence was by armed forces.

  2. "The Failure of the British to Solve the Irish Question Arises From Ignorance and ...

    Sinn Fein met in Dublin in 1919 and passed a "Declaration of Independence". They reinstated the Republic that had been announced at the Easter Rising, and demanded that Britain evacuate the whole of Ireland. Eventually guerrilla warfare erupted. On one side was the Irish Republican Army, on other side was

  1. How important were the following two events;The Easter Rising 1916 and The deployment of ...

    bill would be delayed, and happily signed up to fight in the British army. Many Nationalists reluctantly went to war. The unnoticed IRB, led by Padraig Pearse, were fed up of being regarded as a low priority by the British government, and decided to make themselves heard in early 1916.

  2. What where the main features of Liberal Policies towards Ireland between 1906-1914.

    where eclipsed by the reality that many people never shared his vision. Amid the troubles that circulated during this period, Gladstone became increasingly drawn towards the idea of 'Home rule' as means of resolving the 'Irish question'. However, the introduction of the first 'Home rule' bill in 1886 was perhaps more renowned for its ability to split the Liberals.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work