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Why did the Cold War break out between the United States and the Soviet Union between 1945 and 1948

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Introduction

Why did the Cold War break out between the United States and the Soviet Union between 1945 and 1948. The world after World War II was becoming divided into two armed camps; the capitalist one and the communist one. Countries of Eastern and some of the central Europe were under the Soviet, communist control and the countries of Western Europe were under the U.S., capitalist control. The main differences between these two camps were political, economical and their beliefs. The communist countries of Europe only allowed one political party to be in the parliament, the communist party and did not allow their citizens to change their government by voting. Where on the other hand the capitalist countries allowed their citizens to vote and gave several parties a chance to stand as a candidate for seats in the parliament. Even the economies were different, in communist countries there was no private industries or businesses. All industries and businesses were owned by the state for the benefit of everyone, but in capitalist countries it was different, most industry and businesses were privately owned and because of that some were wealthier than the others. ...read more.

Middle

In 1945, when Germany was almost defeated, Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill met at Yalta to decide the future of Europe once the war was over. They agreed on key issues, because they were still afraid of Hitler, but they disagreed on some issues, because of the different interests. Stalin wanted Polish border with Germany more to the West than the Western allies and he also wanted Poland to have a communist government to assure protection for Soviet Union from Germany, but the Western allies did not want to agree on that, because they were afraid that this would mean for Poland to be controlled by the Soviet Union and for Polish citizens not to be allowed to vote. Stalin also disagreed on how much Germany was to pay for the reparations. He wanted a much higher figure than Churchill or Roosevelt. They agreed to postpone this issue until the next conference. The next conference took place at Potsdam. The leaders agreed on many issues about Europe's future, but they disagreed over what to do about Germany. ...read more.

Conclusion

In order to put more pressure on the Soviet Union and to stop further expansion of the communism, Truman was ready to use an atomic bomb. The rivalry between the USA and the Soviet Union increased, as well as did the US involvement in European affairs. Truman backed up the policy of containment with much more friendly, but more effective action, known as the Marshall Plan. The Marshall Plan was introduced to stop the expansion of the communism without using the US army, to help war-torn countries recover economically and to make the US economy even stronger. The aid was offered to all war-torn European countries to help them recover their economy and in return, the countries would agree to buy US good and allow US companies to invest in their industries. Economies of the war-torn countries were recovered, communism was limited onto the Eastern Europe only and the countries that accepted the aid were placed under political and economical control of the USA. The Marshall Plan made the USA the leading superpower and it had defeated the Soviet Union without the war taking place. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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