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why did the communist bloc collapse

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Introduction

Why did the Communist bloc collapse? There are many different reasons which helped contribute to the collapsing of the Communist Bloc. Some of these were the on goings in Poland, and Eastern Europe and Gorbachev's reform policies. Gorbachev's reformist policies in the Soviet Union simply encouraged opposition movements to the Communist regimes in the Soviet bloc countries. Demonstrations became more frequent. Governments were forced to accept measures, recommended, moreover, by Gorbachev, towards liberalisation. Gorbachev also informed the communist bloc that he will not use the red army to prop up their regimes. The Sinatra Doctrine was Gorbachev's policy of allowing neighbouring Warsaw Pact nations to determine their own internal affairs, so basically the eastern countries could do things their own way. ...read more.

Middle

After the events in Poland, the Eastern countries followed there lead and tried to make changes of their own. In Hungary, demonstrations against the regime increased during 1987 and 1988. The Opposition became organised, and reformers entered the Government in June 1988. On 18 October 1989, the Stalinist Constitution was abandoned, and Hungary adopted political pluralism. Earlier that year, in May, the 'Iron Curtain', which separated Hungary from Austria, had been dismantled, which enabled many East Germans to flee to the West. Also in the German Democratic Republic, opposition to the Stalinist regime grew. Huge demonstrations took place, and increasing numbers of East Germans fled the country. The Government would not consider any kind of reform, counting on the intervention of Soviet troops stationed in the GDR. ...read more.

Conclusion

On overall, it is clear that all factors contribute to the end of the Communist Bloc but I do however think we can look at which were the key factors. The most important for me was the fact that Gorbachev was willing to let things unfold, and that he was not going to intervene with Eastern Europe. His decision to do this enabled the people to rebel against the governments in place. Had he decided to get involved and support the eastern governments, then the rebellions may not have succeeded. Although he allowed it to happen, the fact that the people were able to organise and co ordinate such uprisings, was extremely crucial, and had they not been organised, the eastern governments in say Poland or Germany could have knocked them back, but the people and the uprisings were strategically planned. ...read more.

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