• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the confederate states loose the civil war?

Extracts from this document...


Maya Amlani Why did the confederate states loose the civil war? 1865 marked the end of the American Civil War. It lasted four years and the eventual outcome proved the North to be the more successful. The confederate states lost the war DUE TO several reasons. These CONSITED OF such reasons as the lack of resources, the political influence of Jefferson Davis and pay, food and desertion rates. The lack of resources in the South was a major disadvantage. The North had always been the more prosperous concentrating on manufacturing and industry. The South relied on agriculture. In numbers the South also had less fighting men, railroad tracks, food, iron and a lower banking capital. The North started with 4.5 million fighting men and the South with 1 million and the sides therefore were not evenly matched. The North had 21,679 railroads whereas the South had just 8947. ...read more.


The Southern residents were heavily taxed to pay for the war. The confederacy borrowed money and resorted to printing paper money which caused hyper inflation. The South was unable to trade with their primary product, cotton. Britain started importing cotton from Egypt which greatly impacted the South's economy. To worsen the South's already fatal financial problem the destruction and blockages of ports started. The lack of food in the South caused the soldiers to scavenging. This affected their stamina, capacity to fight and ability to cope with the physical strain of being in battle. All this led to high desertion rates in the South. 1/7 men left against the 1/10 in the North. An important reason the North ended victorious was the leadership of Abraham Lincoln compared to Jefferson Davis. Lincoln was the elected president so already had the support of the White House behind him. ...read more.


Soldiers were accustomed to taking orders and operating a hierarchy. In the North this idea was challenged and held them back. Each individual soldier had a strong sense of morale and loyalty, as they knew they were fighting to protect their way of life. Most of the fighting took place in the South which could be viewed as an advantage or disadvantage. It was beneficial because they were fighting in familiar territory. Transport of goods was easier but much of the land was ruined and crops destroyed. Overall, even though the South started well and won many battles I think defeat was inevitable purely because of the lack of resources and poor leadership. The Southern generals were exceptional however poor guidance from Davis left the South in chaos compared to the organisation of the North under the leadership of Lincoln. However a shorter war may have resulted in a different outcome as the South would not have been so drastically low on resources and the military leaders may have been able to lead them to victory. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. To what extent was slavery the key cause of the American Civil War?

    In may 1954 when it became law 90% of the south voted for it and 64% against it. The only positive thing that came out of the Act was that civil war did not break out though it is worth mentioning there was a mini civil war, which was contained

  2. Gallic war

    * Added 480 million sesterces in war spoils to the war treasury. * Raised Rome's annual revenue from tribute by 70%. * East received peace/security for the future. * Pompey became a patron for the provincials in their dealings with Rome.

  1. English civil war project - causes, battles and tactics

    was that charles 'won' because the road to london was open for him, but charles falied to take advantage of this opportunity. By the time his troops reached Reading, Essex had regained London and charles' troops never again had a chance to capture the capital.

  2. Abraham Lincoln

    This idea did not materialize, and the President soon realized that he would in fact have to declare emancipation. And by declaring emancipation, President Lincoln hoped to not only gain foreign help from Europe, but he realized that it would prove that America was fighting for a moral cause, not just for ambition and to expand their territory.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work