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Why did the desegregation of schools become a major problem in the USA during the 1950s?

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Introduction

Why did the desegregation of schools become a major problem in the USA during the 1950s? Desegregation of schools became a major problem in the USA in the 1950s. The views and feelings of the American public on the subject of segregation and the civil rights movement where very much divided, the southern states where mostly in favour of segregation where as in the North racism was far less entrenched into there society which caused there views to focus mainly on a pro African-American American and abolishing the policy although they were not without prejudice. The southern states protested that the north had no right to interfere with the south. The dispute was not only between the north and the south but also over the rights of the central federal government and what power it has over individual state governments. The state leaders of the south sided with the general opinion of continuing with segregation, as they knew that is what the majority of the white population in the southern states wanted. ...read more.

Middle

American factories began expanding production when war broke out in Europe creating many new jobs. At first Blacks were excluded from most of these jobs. The United States went on to fight World War II with a segregated military. Blacks and Whites kept in separate units. Blacks were normally used in support roles. Segregationists advanced the theory that Blacks were not capable soldiers. Many Black soldiers wondered about fighting racist NAZI Germany when they faced racism at home. (Many of the early NAZI actions against the Jews in Germany were based in on American Segregation laws.) And when they finally did return home there reception was far from welcoming, black Americans were still being treated with the same level of disrespect they faced before the war. The Civil Rights movement was strongly supported by Blacks in the North. This was not the case in the South. Poles in 1954 revealed that only slight more than half (53 percent) of Black Southerners supported school desegregation. Here I am not sure about the validity of these polls. ...read more.

Conclusion

Already quiet and advanced city in terms of segregation policies and progression in achieving desegregation. Little Rock was also one of the first to pass a law against segregation at its local high school. It also had great success in converting parks, library, zoo, buses and nearly all of its universities into a desegregated environment, and they planned to desegregate all schools in the space of a few years. The fact that a law banning segregation in Little Rocks high was in place did not mean there was no opposition to it; in fact most white people in Little Rock were against the prospect of a desegregated school. The nine African-Americans attempting to attend the high school encountered many difficulties such as racial abuse and attack. On Monday 23rd of September, the first day the school was to be desegregated, a mob of around 1000 people gathered around the school attempting to prevent the black students from entering. The events that took place in Little Rock clearly show how deeply entrenched racism was in America-especially the south-and why desegregation became such an increasing problem in the 1950s. Jake Taylor 1 ...read more.

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