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Why did the desegregation of schools become a major problem in the USA in the 1950's?

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Introduction

Why did the desegregation of schools become a major problem in the USA in the 1950's? The desegregation of schools became a major problem in the USA in the 1950's. The problems originated from the racial hate between the white and black people of America. Many white people had adopted a negative manner towards blacks after slavery was abolished in 1864. Following the American Civil War the majority of Southern States had passed the Jim Crow laws, which discriminated against African Americans with concern to their social, economic and political rights. As a consequence of these laws black people in the South faced constant racial abuse, which prevented them from achieving the same standard of living as the white citizens, including in schools. Court cases and demonstrations were to bring the injustice of segregated schools into the public eye and eventually change the Southern laws. ...read more.

Middle

The issue of desegregation in schools was focused upon when blacks decided the time was right to fight for the equality they deserved. The first major step was the case of 'Brown vs. Brown' The Desegregation of schools became a major problem in the USA in the 1950's when the Supreme Court was approached by four states and the District of Columbia. They challenged the constitutionality of the segregation of races in public schools, because they weren't equal. Linda Brown was denied entry to a near-by, whites-only, school, because she was black. The National Association for the advancement of coloured people (NAACP) took up her case. The Supreme Court decided that the segregation in schools deprived children of "the equal protection of the laws guaranteed by the fourteenth amendment." States were pressurized to integrate segregated education. The southern States found many loopholes to avoid this. ...read more.

Conclusion

Access was denied until state troops were sent forcing the state to co-operate. Therefore, the desegregation of schools became a major problem in the USA in the 1950's because of the built up racial hate. The whites believed that if schools were desegregated, they would lose their white supremacy and black people would want more. Court cases led to new laws, which led to violent riots and the division of the Federal government and state troops. The Supreme Courts rulings were purposely ignored by Southern states. Protests and demonstrations would finally lead to the Civil Rights Act of 1964, in which racial discrimination was made illegal in public places. This meant the government had the power to withhold capital from the schools which disregarded these laws. Therefore schools were finally persuaded to desegregate. After all the uproar, it had taken decades for the Jim Crow Laws to be proclaimed unconstitutional, and equal rights to be allowed in schools. Joanna Dias The USA: Civil Rights ...read more.

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