• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the desegregation of schools become a major problem in the USA in the 1950's?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the desegregation of schools become a major problem in the USA in the 1950's? The desegregation of schools became a major problem in the USA in the 1950's. The problems originated from the racial hate between the white and black people of America. Many white people had adopted a negative manner towards blacks after slavery was abolished in 1864. Following the American Civil War the majority of Southern States had passed the Jim Crow laws, which discriminated against African Americans with concern to their social, economic and political rights. As a consequence of these laws black people in the South faced constant racial abuse, which prevented them from achieving the same standard of living as the white citizens, including in schools. Court cases and demonstrations were to bring the injustice of segregated schools into the public eye and eventually change the Southern laws. ...read more.

Middle

The issue of desegregation in schools was focused upon when blacks decided the time was right to fight for the equality they deserved. The first major step was the case of 'Brown vs. Brown' The Desegregation of schools became a major problem in the USA in the 1950's when the Supreme Court was approached by four states and the District of Columbia. They challenged the constitutionality of the segregation of races in public schools, because they weren't equal. Linda Brown was denied entry to a near-by, whites-only, school, because she was black. The National Association for the advancement of coloured people (NAACP) took up her case. The Supreme Court decided that the segregation in schools deprived children of "the equal protection of the laws guaranteed by the fourteenth amendment." States were pressurized to integrate segregated education. The southern States found many loopholes to avoid this. ...read more.

Conclusion

Access was denied until state troops were sent forcing the state to co-operate. Therefore, the desegregation of schools became a major problem in the USA in the 1950's because of the built up racial hate. The whites believed that if schools were desegregated, they would lose their white supremacy and black people would want more. Court cases led to new laws, which led to violent riots and the division of the Federal government and state troops. The Supreme Courts rulings were purposely ignored by Southern states. Protests and demonstrations would finally lead to the Civil Rights Act of 1964, in which racial discrimination was made illegal in public places. This meant the government had the power to withhold capital from the schools which disregarded these laws. Therefore schools were finally persuaded to desegregate. After all the uproar, it had taken decades for the Jim Crow Laws to be proclaimed unconstitutional, and equal rights to be allowed in schools. Joanna Dias The USA: Civil Rights ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. Why did a campaign for civil rights emerge in the 1950s? The civil rights ...

    the war effort and some black leaders even pursued 'good conduct campaigns' to stifle any race riots. Indeed, by 1943, a poll showed that 71% of black Americans and every major civil rights paper were opposed to fresh calls from A.

  2. The USA 1941 - 80 : The Divided Union.

    President Truman introduced the Federal Employee Loyalty Programme (FELP) All employees of the government had to take an oath of loyalty to the USA. Government employees had their loyalty checked and anyone who was found to have had links with Communism was sacked.

  1. Why did the desegregation of schools become a major problem in the USA in ...

    The laws were known as the Jim Crow laws because it was a term taken from a nineteenth century comedians act that ridiculed black people. In 1896 the US Supreme Court, with its Plessey v. Ferguson decision, gave legal approval to local state laws that segregated blacks and whites.

  2. Civil Rights in the USA 1945-1975

    These students returned to the counter everyday doing the same thing, when an article in the New York Times said what they were doing, the four students were soon joined by more students, both black and white! This act encouraged more sit ins all around the country.

  1. The Disadvantages that Black Americans faced in the early 1950's.

    They were forced to build ghettos around big cities; this is because families moved here to find work. There were massive slums built within months around the outside of the majority of major cities. There were 11 million black Americans living below the poverty line in 1959, this accumulates to about 56% out of the whole black population.

  2. Why did the desegregation of schools become a major problem in the USA in ...

    9 black students were enrolled but when term began on 3 September, Governor Faubus surrounded the school with the National Guard to prevent them from entering. The whole world watched to see if the government would act on the ruling.

  1. USA Desegregation of Schools

    In May 1952, Chief Justice Earl Warren announced in favour of Brown and the NAACP. This showed the American public that the federal government was prepared to back the NAACP and therefore desegregation in southern states. A similar case to this came about in 1957 when the Supreme Court ordered

  2. Why did desegregation of schools become a major problem in the USA in the ...

    Eventually in 1909, an organisation called the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People) was set up. It set its sights on abolishing segregation and gaining various rights for the blacks. The leader, a man called Thurgood Marshall challenged the Legality of the segregated schools.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work