• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the desegregation of schools become a major problem in the USA in the 1950's?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the desegregation of schools become a major problem in the USA in the 1950's? The desegregation of schools became a major problem in the USA in the 1950's. The problems originated from the racial hate between the white and black people of America. Many white people had adopted a negative manner towards blacks after slavery was abolished in 1864. Following the American Civil War the majority of Southern States had passed the Jim Crow laws, which discriminated against African Americans with concern to their social, economic and political rights. As a consequence of these laws black people in the South faced constant racial abuse, which prevented them from achieving the same standard of living as the white citizens, including in schools. Court cases and demonstrations were to bring the injustice of segregated schools into the public eye and eventually change the Southern laws. ...read more.

Middle

The issue of desegregation in schools was focused upon when blacks decided the time was right to fight for the equality they deserved. The first major step was the case of 'Brown vs. Brown' The Desegregation of schools became a major problem in the USA in the 1950's when the Supreme Court was approached by four states and the District of Columbia. They challenged the constitutionality of the segregation of races in public schools, because they weren't equal. Linda Brown was denied entry to a near-by, whites-only, school, because she was black. The National Association for the advancement of coloured people (NAACP) took up her case. The Supreme Court decided that the segregation in schools deprived children of "the equal protection of the laws guaranteed by the fourteenth amendment." States were pressurized to integrate segregated education. The southern States found many loopholes to avoid this. ...read more.

Conclusion

Access was denied until state troops were sent forcing the state to co-operate. Therefore, the desegregation of schools became a major problem in the USA in the 1950's because of the built up racial hate. The whites believed that if schools were desegregated, they would lose their white supremacy and black people would want more. Court cases led to new laws, which led to violent riots and the division of the Federal government and state troops. The Supreme Courts rulings were purposely ignored by Southern states. Protests and demonstrations would finally lead to the Civil Rights Act of 1964, in which racial discrimination was made illegal in public places. This meant the government had the power to withhold capital from the schools which disregarded these laws. Therefore schools were finally persuaded to desegregate. After all the uproar, it had taken decades for the Jim Crow Laws to be proclaimed unconstitutional, and equal rights to be allowed in schools. Joanna Dias The USA: Civil Rights ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. Why did a campaign for civil rights emerge in the 1950s? The civil rights ...

    issued an executive order ending segregation in the armed forces (Tindall & Shi, 2004, p.1259). However, although the immediate post-war years were used by the civil right protesters in the USA as a form of embarrassing the federal government for the treatment of black Americans, by the end of the

  2. Civil Rights in the USA 1945-1975

    Muhammad gained great publicity for his beliefs. A famous quote from Ali was "Aint no Vietcong ever called me nigger", this is a reason as to why war was out of the question for him, why should he kill someone he has nothing against, and fight for a white man he does not like.

  1. Civil Rights In The USA.

    Martin Luther King Jr. belonged to the Civil Rights Movement and Malcolm X belonged to the Nation of Islam which served the needs for black people across the country with things such as Schools, Stores, Farms ect...These weren't the only groups however and there were others who were preaching Black-Power groups like that included the Black Panther Movement.

  2. Why Did The Segregation Of Schools Become A Problem InThe USA In The 1950s

    Consequently she was removed from the bus and imprisoned. This started off another very important stage of the fight for civil rights, The Montgomery Bus Boycott. Rosa Parks had been an active member of the NAACP and had been involved in the planning of the boycott.

  1. "Religion's are notorious for promoting Racial Segregation". Discuss with reference to one specific historical ...

    When in prison, he became intrigued by his brother's conversion to Islam and joining of the "Nation of Islam" (NOI). He began to study the teachings of Elijah Muhammad, the leader of the NOI. Muhammad taught that white society actively worked to keep African- Americans from empowering themselves and achieving

  2. Racism in the Unites States.

    So in this sense Martin Luther King's dream has been realised by the amount of successful and proud Black people. Martin Luther Kings dream has not been completely realised in some respects as but huge improvements have been made and things that happen now wouldn't of happened 40 years ago.

  1. The USA 1941 - 80 : The Divided Union.

    Japanese Americans * Following the surprise Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour on 7th December 1941, FDR authorised the internment (imprisonment without trial) of all Japanese Americans ( approx 100,000) * Japanese Americans were called enemy aliens * Special internment camps were set up in Nebraska and Kansas thousands of miles from their homes on the west coast .

  2. Why did the desegregation of schools become a major problem in the USA in ...

    Many began to demand a 'double victory' - the achievement of liberty both at war and at home.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work