• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the desegregation of schools become a major problem in the USA in the 1950's?

Extracts from this document...


Why did the desegregation of schools become a major problem in the USA in the 1950's? After a struggle by the civil rights campaigners the law which caused the desegregation of schools was passed in 1954. The main reason for this law being passed at this time was the case of the Brown family V. the Board of Education of Topeka. The Brown's had a child whom they wanted to attend a school close to their home. However the Browns, a black family, could not attend any of the close schools, as they were all 'white-only' schools. The nearest black school was far away from their home and the Brown family argued that this was not 'separate but equal' as the doctrine said it should be and asked for their daughter to attend the white school, close to their home. The NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People) helped the brown family and challenged the rights of local school boards to run segregated schools. ...read more.


Some places were entirely white only. All this was to ensure that blacks had the poorest standards of education, lowest paid jobs and were generally treated inferior to white people. Such deep-rooted attitudes in white southerners meant they reacted with anger to the Supreme Court's decision. 67% of Southerners disagreed with the desegregation of schools compared with only 31% of the whole of the USA. The Southern states were determined not to comply with this law and argued that 'state rights meant each state should be allowed to decide for themselves on such issues. An organisation called the Ku Klux Klan had been set up after the civil war. Its main aim was to prevent blacks from gaining equal rights. They used violence and terror to intimidate any American, black or white, who agreed or fought for a policy of equal rights. Members included police officers, judges and politicians, so convictions against the KKK were rare. Support and members of the Ku Klux Klan increased to an all time high when desegregation became law. ...read more.


The fact that all these paratroopers were needed to protect just 9 students showed the deep-rooted racial hatred and discrimination that existed. However, it also showed that the government was serious about desegregation and were listening to what civil rights protestors were saying. The desegregation of schools became such a major problem in the USA because so many, especially in the South, disagreed with blacks being treated the same way as whites and using the same public facilities as whites. Hatred for black people was deep-rooted in white Southerners. They also believed that it was not up to the government to decide such laws, it should be left to individual states. The short-term problems were mainly caused by a white backlash. Desegregation was seen as a step towards equal rights for black people and this caused the racist whites of the South to do all they could to try and stop it from happening. It proved that simply changing the law was not enough to create equal rights, the views and attitudes of white Southerners needed to change aswell before discrimination was non-existent. Emma davis 11NG 3 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. Civil Rights In The USA.

    Many blacks were accused of being communists because they wanted the same things as communists did but what they failed to realise is, is that they didn't want to get it in the same way, they wanted to be treated like Capitalist Americans and not Communist Americans but with people

  2. Explain why the USA withdrew its forces from Vietnam in 1973

    They were unable to beat them because in 1968 the communists had launched a major offensive the Tet Offensive. Viet Cong fighters attacked over 100 major towns and cities in South Vietnam. Even the American embassy in Saigon was attacked; some of the fiercest fighting of the war took place.

  1. why did desegregation cause a problem in the usa

    of discrimination against the Jews but they are doing it themselves against the black people. Faubus agreed that he would leave the 9 students alone so he removed the state troops which left the students in the mercy of the mob.

  2. Civil Rights Why did the desegregation of schools become a major problem in the ...

    Segregation carried on though out the world wars up to the 1950's were the battle to integrate races became more intense, harder and much more violent. The problem also created major conflicts between the state and federal authority, national trooper against federal trooper and a governor against its president.

  1. Why did the desegregation of schools become a major problem in the USA in ...

    The laws were known as the Jim Crow laws because it was a term taken from a nineteenth century comedians act that ridiculed black people. In 1896 the US Supreme Court, with its Plessey v. Ferguson decision, gave legal approval to local state laws that segregated blacks and whites.

  2. Why Did The Segregation Of Schools Become A Problem InThe USA In The 1950s

    The president was not willing to allow individual states to undermine him so he sent in the Federal Guard to escort her into the school and classes making sure that she didn't get hurt. This was also happening to most of the schools in the south.

  1. Why did an organised campaign against segregation and discrimination emerge in the southern states ...

    refused to give up her seat for a white man to sit. She was arrested and charged with a violation of the Montgomery city bus segregation ordinance. This stunt had been premeditated. She had joined the NAACP in 1943 and had become Montgomery branch secretary.

  2. Why did the desegregation of schools become a major problem in the USA in ...

    Most governors of Southern States had the problem of working out what to do so there was tension between state governments and the federal government. There was die-hard resistance to the implementation of desegregating schools and progress was slow. Many groups were causing terror and trying to make life difficult

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work