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Why did the Fascists not gain control in the 1930s?

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Introduction

Why did the Fascists not gain control in the 1930s? Their main aim was to get support for Fascist ideas and gradually increase and develop that as a power base. However, most historians feel that they were unsuccessful because Britain was a country with a fairly stable political system and she was dealing with the difficulties of those years reasonably well. The British people weren't looking for a replacement for their dearly held democracy, so the support for Moseley was fairly minimal. It is also important to remember that it was Baldwin's quick thinking in passing the Public Order Act to prevent marches of this sort that lost Moseley some support as well. ...read more.

Middle

For example, over 30% of ship building workers were unemployed by 1936 and 25 per cent of miners. Scotland, the North of England and South Wales were the worst affected. Jarrow's unemployment figures in 1934 were 68% and Merthyr Tydfil's 62%. Long term unemployment had a terrible effect on whole areas. Because the men no longer had wages to spend, shops had to close and many once thriving towns became like ghost towns with groups of depressed and defeated men standing on street corners or queueing in their hundreds for the chance of a few hours work. Rowntree did a survey in York in 1934 and discovered that over 30% of families were living in serious poverty. ...read more.

Conclusion

A Butlin's Holiday Camp was built at Skegness. The unemployment rate in St Albans in Hertfordshire in 1934 was 3.9% and the infant mortality rate in the south was 42 per 1000. Diet was good and people's health was steadily improving. Many accounts from the time describe Britain as seeming like two separate countries British Society For government policy you would need to refer to the measures adopted in 1931, the Special Areas Act, rationalisation and amalgamation and scrap and build and in social policy, the dole and means test. In leisure it is important to realise that the 1930s saw a big increase in leisure activities such as the cinema, the bicycle, the car, radio and television and rambling. The first holiday camp was opened in 1937. It was not, therefore, a decade when standards of living fell for all people. ...read more.

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