Why did the Germans hate the treaty of Versailles?
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Why did the Germans hate the treaty of Versailles? Germans hated the Treaty of Versailles because they did not understand they were responsible for starting the war neither they felt as they had lost. Another reason that the German hated the treaty was the terms of the treaty, which created political and economic problems. This includes territorial restriction on Germany, military Restrictions on Germany, territorial losses, reparations, League of Nations etc. As a result, a piece of land was split in centre of Germany for Poland to have a coastline, which weaken Germany from East Prussia (East Prussia had been a source of great revenue and the political elite for Germany). Another territorial restriction on Germany that the Germans did not expect was that the Saar coal fields were to be given to France for fifteen years. This was a great source of coal for the Germans and losing it meant that the Germans didn't have a supply of coal and raw materials for its industries. ...read more.
The Germans felt cheated by this treaty, because virtually none of Wilson's 'Fourteen Points' have been included in the treaty. The Germans called the treaty a 'diktat' because it was a demand to them, without real negotiation. Other countries did not expressed disquiet about the treatment of Germany. At the start of the World War I, despite Italy was one of Germany's allies, Italy did not do anything to help Germany. The effect of the treaty on German politics was extremely grave because the elected government in Germany faced revolt from both left and right wing extremists. His right-wing opponents were largely people who had grown up in the successful days of the Kaiser's Germany. In March 1920, there was strike which brought the capital to a halt with no transport, power or water. Moreover, Political assassinations were frequent. In the summer of 1922 Ebert's foreign minister Walther Rathenau was murdered by extremists. Germany was unable to defend herself because of restrictions on her military. ...read more.
In 1923, there was another problem - Hyperinflation. Because it had no goods to trade, the government simply printed money. With so much money in circulation, prices and wages rocketed, but people soon realised that this money was worthless. To sum up, the strongest reason for hating the Treaty was the war guilt, Germany was blamed for starting the war and being forced to accept a harsh treaty without any choice or even a comment because it created other problems to Germany. For example, reparations, Germany was expected to pay for all the damage caused by it as they have started the war. War guilt also gave the allies reasons to take away its army, territories, resources etc. which created economic and political problems. If the blame for starting the war was shared between countries, Wilson's Fourteen Points were taken in and Germany was allowed to join the League of National, Germany wouldn't have as many problems as they had and the Germans wouldn't be as violent as they were. ?? ?? ?? ?? Adam Kog ...read more.
This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.
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This is an excellent response that stays focused on the question throughout, explains the points made and uses specific evidence to support them. All key details are addressed. 5 out of 5 stars.
Marked by teacher Natalya Luck 01/12/2012
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