• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the Germans hate the treaty of Versailles?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the Germans hate the treaty of Versailles? Germans hated the Treaty of Versailles because they did not understand they were responsible for starting the war neither they felt as they had lost. Another reason that the German hated the treaty was the terms of the treaty, which created political and economic problems. This includes territorial restriction on Germany, military Restrictions on Germany, territorial losses, reparations, League of Nations etc. As a result, a piece of land was split in centre of Germany for Poland to have a coastline, which weaken Germany from East Prussia (East Prussia had been a source of great revenue and the political elite for Germany). Another territorial restriction on Germany that the Germans did not expect was that the Saar coal fields were to be given to France for fifteen years. This was a great source of coal for the Germans and losing it meant that the Germans didn't have a supply of coal and raw materials for its industries. ...read more.

Middle

The Germans felt cheated by this treaty, because virtually none of Wilson's 'Fourteen Points' have been included in the treaty. The Germans called the treaty a 'diktat' because it was a demand to them, without real negotiation. Other countries did not expressed disquiet about the treatment of Germany. At the start of the World War I, despite Italy was one of Germany's allies, Italy did not do anything to help Germany. The effect of the treaty on German politics was extremely grave because the elected government in Germany faced revolt from both left and right wing extremists. His right-wing opponents were largely people who had grown up in the successful days of the Kaiser's Germany. In March 1920, there was strike which brought the capital to a halt with no transport, power or water. Moreover, Political assassinations were frequent. In the summer of 1922 Ebert's foreign minister Walther Rathenau was murdered by extremists. Germany was unable to defend herself because of restrictions on her military. ...read more.

Conclusion

In 1923, there was another problem - Hyperinflation. Because it had no goods to trade, the government simply printed money. With so much money in circulation, prices and wages rocketed, but people soon realised that this money was worthless. To sum up, the strongest reason for hating the Treaty was the war guilt, Germany was blamed for starting the war and being forced to accept a harsh treaty without any choice or even a comment because it created other problems to Germany. For example, reparations, Germany was expected to pay for all the damage caused by it as they have started the war. War guilt also gave the allies reasons to take away its army, territories, resources etc. which created economic and political problems. If the blame for starting the war was shared between countries, Wilson's Fourteen Points were taken in and Germany was allowed to join the League of National, Germany wouldn't have as many problems as they had and the Germans wouldn't be as violent as they were. ?? ?? ?? ?? Adam Kog ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

5 star(s)

This is an excellent response that stays focused on the question throughout, explains the points made and uses specific evidence to support them. All key details are addressed. 5 out of 5 stars.

Marked by teacher Natalya Luck 01/12/2012

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. How justified was the Treaty of Versailles?

    This was fair as it made war less likely. Many of the victims in Germany were innocent for example the elderly and children. They had suffered starvation. This was unfair as it was innocent people who had caused no damage had to suffer.

  2. To what extent was the League of Nations a success?

    The final blow to the league came with disarmament although it had not had much success with the area in the 1920's; the problem came to a head in 1932-33. The Disarmament conference had already decided to prohibit bombing of civilian populations, limit the size of their artillery but could

  1. Why did war break out in Europe in 1939

    There were many reasons for supported Appeasement; the British or French weren't ready for a war and needed time to make more weapons etc, nobody wanted a war again after the horrors of World War Two, Hitler was standing up to the Communists so he would as a

  2. Summary of John Maynard Keynes' "The Economic Consequences of the Peace".

    He mentions that when Germany was an agricultural state, it was able to feed its population due to the agriculture. After the transformation to an industrial state, Germany could insure its population the existence by the importation of foreign food supply prior to the War.

  1. How fair was the treaty of Versailles?

    It was fair for the allies in the sense they were taking back what once belonged to them. However it was unfair for Germany because France had lost the war and Alsace and Lorraine was rich and full of goods.

  2. Trench warfare. Trench warfare was created to help hold your position and fend ...

    These three highly explosive weapons were used to clear out trenches and to help get across no mans land. Poison gas also called mustard gas was a highly lethal gas that could start to effect enemies within 12 hours of them encountering it, "Mustard Gas (Yperite)

  1. The Long Fuse by Laurence Lafore - Chapter Three: The Europe of the Armed ...

    It also arranged Balkan territories that Russia thought were just what they needed at the time. Southeastern Europe had been vastly changed because of the actions of the Russians, who were called in to be judged by a court of its peers.

  2. The League of Nations: Its achievements and its failures

    At the Washington Conference, the USA, Japan, Britain and France agreed to limit the size of their navies, and that was as far as disarmament ever got. A disarmament treaty was made in 1923 by the League and was accepted by France and other nations, but Britain refused because it would tie it to defending other countries.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work