• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the Germans hate the treaty of Versailles?

Extracts from this document...


Why did the Germans hate the treaty of Versailles? Germans hated the Treaty of Versailles because they did not understand they were responsible for starting the war neither they felt as they had lost. Another reason that the German hated the treaty was the terms of the treaty, which created political and economic problems. This includes territorial restriction on Germany, military Restrictions on Germany, territorial losses, reparations, League of Nations etc. As a result, a piece of land was split in centre of Germany for Poland to have a coastline, which weaken Germany from East Prussia (East Prussia had been a source of great revenue and the political elite for Germany). Another territorial restriction on Germany that the Germans did not expect was that the Saar coal fields were to be given to France for fifteen years. This was a great source of coal for the Germans and losing it meant that the Germans didn't have a supply of coal and raw materials for its industries. ...read more.


The Germans felt cheated by this treaty, because virtually none of Wilson's 'Fourteen Points' have been included in the treaty. The Germans called the treaty a 'diktat' because it was a demand to them, without real negotiation. Other countries did not expressed disquiet about the treatment of Germany. At the start of the World War I, despite Italy was one of Germany's allies, Italy did not do anything to help Germany. The effect of the treaty on German politics was extremely grave because the elected government in Germany faced revolt from both left and right wing extremists. His right-wing opponents were largely people who had grown up in the successful days of the Kaiser's Germany. In March 1920, there was strike which brought the capital to a halt with no transport, power or water. Moreover, Political assassinations were frequent. In the summer of 1922 Ebert's foreign minister Walther Rathenau was murdered by extremists. Germany was unable to defend herself because of restrictions on her military. ...read more.


In 1923, there was another problem - Hyperinflation. Because it had no goods to trade, the government simply printed money. With so much money in circulation, prices and wages rocketed, but people soon realised that this money was worthless. To sum up, the strongest reason for hating the Treaty was the war guilt, Germany was blamed for starting the war and being forced to accept a harsh treaty without any choice or even a comment because it created other problems to Germany. For example, reparations, Germany was expected to pay for all the damage caused by it as they have started the war. War guilt also gave the allies reasons to take away its army, territories, resources etc. which created economic and political problems. If the blame for starting the war was shared between countries, Wilson's Fourteen Points were taken in and Germany was allowed to join the League of National, Germany wouldn't have as many problems as they had and the Germans wouldn't be as violent as they were. ?? ?? ?? ?? Adam Kog ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

5 star(s)

This is an excellent response that stays focused on the question throughout, explains the points made and uses specific evidence to support them. All key details are addressed. 5 out of 5 stars.

Marked by teacher Natalya Luck 01/12/2012

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Why Did The First World War Break Out in 1914?

    5 star(s)

    if this hadn't happened then the alliances wouldn't have formed and then Germany wouldn't have been worried about been surrounded and drawn up the Schlieffen Plan, which all caused reasons for a war to take place. A further reason for the First World War was the formation of alliances, which led on from the naval race.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Was The Treaty Of Versailles Justified?

    5 star(s)

    Most importantly, the Saarland was placed under international rule, and control of its valuable Ruhr coalfields were given to France. In Article 50, Point 34 of the treaty it was determined that after 15 years, the Saarland would be

  1. Was Hitler the cause of WW2? A.J.P Taylor wrote the controversial The origins ...

    So the USA did not approve the Treaty of Versailles, nor did they join the League of Nations or the International Court of Justice. Many Americans simply wanted to enjoy the success that had developed in the previous decade and felt that foreign involvement would threaten it.

  2. Long term Causes of World War 1

    The Serbian-Austrian relations were especially tense as Austria had demanded for an independent Albania, thus preventing Serbia from expanding into the Adriatic during the 1900s.

  1. To what extent was Hitler to blame for WW2?

    It also had to reduce its army to 100,000 men. As these territories were mainly inhabited by Germans, Hitler sought to make Germany great again by regaining them in order to unite all true Germans in "Volksgemeinschaft" (people's community), forming a new national identity based on social solidarity.

  2. Why Did the League Fail in the 1930s?

    the League was a weakness which affected the League's failure in dealing with it. Without the power and authority of America, Italy wasn't afraid of the League's ruling. As well as this, trade sanctions that were imposed were ineffective because America was still trading with Italy and giving her oil to run her tanks, etc on.

  1. Why do you think the Sarajevo murders lit the fire when previous events such ...

    Germany were out for revenge explaining why in 1914 they were more than willing to become involved in a war and why they did not hold back the Austrians in their rivalry with Serbia. Furthermore other conflicts between the countries of the alliances also took place i.e.

  2. Why did war break out in Europe in 1939?

    THERE WAS NO HOPE OF OTHER Munich. Hitler had gone too far. The collapse of Czechoslovakia in March 1939 proved to be last straw for the appeasers. Public opinion in Britainâs was in favour of opposing Hitler. On 1 septemberb1939 German troops invade Poland.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work