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Why did the Kaiser abdicate in 1918?

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Why did the Kaiser abdicate in 1918? There are many reasons as to why the Kaiser abdicated in 1918 as after the war there was a thick tension between the government and the people, the pressure of this caused the Kaiser to abdicate however because this tension and pressure built up and became so hostile such as the armistice, strikes across the country and many other factors explained below. Firstly, during the war the German people were led to believe they were winning. However when they had lost many could not believe it and held the government responsible and therefore making them very unpopular. ...read more.


The German people had be told they would achieve a glorious victory but when it soon became clear they had lost the war Germany erupted with unrest not just because of this but due to economic discontent and war weariness. This period became known as the German revolution or the revolution from below. This further built pressure on the Kaiser.The revolution from below was complete chaos within Germany and serious trouble began in late October when sailors mutinied, refusing to leave the port of Kiel. When news of this spread it caused others to the same until nearly all of Germany was on strike. ...read more.


Although all these factors seem to link in with one another there were more hidden and isolated reason that to added to the Kaisers abdication. For instance Hindenburg and Ludendorff, generals appointed to help Germany. However soon they gained control of the military, political and economic decisions. They had a powerful influence over the public and this was making the Kaiser a weaker figure. Finally Hindenburg pressured and almost bullied the Kaiser by telling him to abdicate as Germany wanted peace and he was the only thing that stopped them from having it as allies wanted the Kaiser punished. So as you can see there were many small incidents linked and single, which led to a huge build up of pressure and threat on the Kaiser and forced him to leave Germany and flee to the Holland. ...read more.

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