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Why did the League of Nations fail in the 1930's

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Introduction

Why did the League of Nations fail in the 1930's? The League of Nations was a failure in the 1930s because of British and French self-interest. The British and the French were the main nations in the League, as such; they were the countries which determined the outcome of decisions made by the League as a whole. However, these leading nations often made decisions based on their self interest which opposes the idea of collective security which the organization stood for. The League of Nations failed in the 1930's because countries began to realise that the League didn't have any power and the League's only way to stop them was to emplace trade sanctions on them. One of the Leagues major failures in the 1930's was when Japan invaded Manchuria, Japan invaded Manchuria because in September 1931 an explosion on the South Manchurian railway which was owned by Japan. ...read more.

Middle

However, this was a violation of one of the Leagues most important rule. Everything depended on Britain and France, but they needed Mussolini's friendship because they saw him as potential ally against the growing power of Hitler. The League imposed trade sanctions, by which League members were not allowed to trade with Italy, however this sanctions did not include basic war materials like oil and coal. Britain left the Suez Canal open for Italy to use, so Mussolini could supply his troops and continue the invasion. Again this showed to everybody that the only way the League would try and stop you would be to place trade sanctions on you. Also because Manchuria was so far away not very many people were worried about it, but because this one involved Italy which was much closer to home, lots of people realised that the League was powerless to deal with major problems. ...read more.

Conclusion

Decisions were very slow; when a crisis occurred, the League was supposed to act quickly. However, in many cases the League didn't meet frequently enough and when they did they often took to long to make decisions. You can see this as when Japan invaded Manchuria the League took seven months to send Lord Lytton to start an inquiry. In conclusion The League of Nations failed in the 1930's because people began to realise that it was powerless to deal with major threats unless Britain and France helped, and even then they rarely did anything. Secondly the fact that Britain and France put there own self-interests before the League meant that it didn't have a "back-bone" to stand up against nations. And finally the fact that America and other nations was a reason why the League failed, because nobody would listen to them without the major power in the world. ?? ?? ?? ?? Tom Banks ...read more.

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