• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the main sources of tension between 1905 and 1913 not lead to war?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the main sources of tension between 1905 and 1913 not lead to war? In the late 1800's guns and other military weapons were becoming more and more destructive and effective. This resulted in countries, mainly in Europe, building up their armaments and the size of their armed forces. This created rivalries and threats between various European states, such as Britain, France, Germany, Russia and Austria-Hungary. Also in Europe at this time Germany was starting to emerge as a very powerful nation with a strong army and an increasingly growing navy, which upset the balance of power and caused Britain to feel threatened because they were the leading naval power in Europe. This caused a naval race between the two countries. Due to Germany's increase in power it meant that she would require colonies outside of Europe in places like Africa, where Britain and France had the monopoly and had no interests in sharing it with Germany, this lead to the Moroccan crises in 1905 and 1911. Nationalism in the Balkans was also proving to be causing problems towards Austria-Hungary as Serbia were twice victorious in the Balkan wars and the hope for a united Slav state intensified. There were many tensions between the major powers due to the arms race. One tension which was intense was that between Germany and France. ...read more.

Middle

This was a chance for Germany to gain permanent influence in Europe and according to historian Imanuel Geiss. However the German foreign minister acted once again foolishly and clumsily by sending a German gunboat to the Moroccan port of Agadir to supposedly protect German interests there. This of course immediately caused Britain to feel threatened by this sudden presence of German ships in the Mediterranean, which was British controlled. It also saw this presence as a threat to British ruled Gibraltar. This meant that Britain once again supported France in order to stop German expansion and British aims were made clear by Lloyd George's mansion house speech. Britain were therefore very keen to make a settlement in order to get rid of German naval vessels in the Mediterranean and a compromise settlement was made in November which gave Germany rights to parts of the French Congo. However, the maintenance of French influence in Morocco, culminating in the establishment of a formal protectorate, clearly demonstrated that German aims in the crises had once again failed. As mentioned before Germany was increasingly becoming one of the top major powers in Europe. She had an extremely strong economy and a large land army. In Germanys quest to expand into Africa it was essential that she had a powerful naval to acquire and then protect colonies. ...read more.

Conclusion

She felt that her army was no where near as powerful as Austria's and Germany's so she didn't want to risk getting into a war with them. Russia still felt humiliated however by the Balkan situation and was determined that this must not come again. Immediately after the crisis, the Russian government intensified her armaments programme and sent Izvolski as ambassador in Paris in order to get more support from the French. In 1912/1913 when the Ottoman Empire collapsed many of the major powers interest were at state. For example Britain, France and Russia didn't want German influence in the area, but Britain also hoped to keep Russia out of the area because she feared Russian expansion into the Dardanelles In conclusion it is clear why the tensions between 1905 and 1913 didn't lead to war. Firstly most of the countries involved in the crises didn't actually think that they were militarily ready for war, especially the Russians and the Austrians. Secondly one of the major powers in Europe, Italy, was not involved in any of the crises. Therefore Germany, who were the most willing to go to war, felt that she didn't have enough support to enter a war against Britain, France and Russia at the same time with only Austria-Hungary as an ally. This shows that none of the powers involved in the crises were prepared to go to war during these years of conflict, but it added to the tension which was to come in the year ahead. Daniel Bradley ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. What crisis and developments caused tension to rise from 1905 to 1913? How were ...

    Italy deserted Germany and backed France. Germany grumbled, knowing that Austria-Hungary was her only true friend in Europe. Germany's actions had pushed Italy and France to settle their colonial differences and sign the 'Anglo-Russian Entente'. Bosnian Crisis Bosnia and Herzegovina was provinces of the Turkish Empire, but had been occupied and administrated by Austria-Hungary since 1878.

  2. To what extent was Europe, 1890, an area of growing tension sowing the seeds ...

    However, Russia did not retreat. Being a 'landlocked' state, she wanted to acquire warm water ports in the Balkans (e.g. Constantinople). Moreover, as most of the Balkan peoples were of the Slav race, Russia could claim to be the protector of her brother races in her expansion.

  1. Questions on World War One.

    1 Give up Bismarck's principle of check and balance. - replaced by an erratic foreign policy - blunder and ignorance - withdraw from the friendship with Russia - to secede the reconciliation with France and alliance with England Bismarck's intricate and delicate system then broke down and was impossible to be erected again.

  2. In February 1943, the German Army surrendered at Stalingrad, Was Hitlers interference the main ...

    an ongoing streak of winning attacks and the attacks Hitler ordered were working. Examples of this are; the invasion of France which took 6 weeks, the invasion of Poland which was relatively quick and easy and the invasion of Yugoslavia which also took around 6 weeks.

  1. To what extent did nationalism within the Austria-Hungarian Empire contribute to the outbreak of ...

    Germany now had a means of access to the Mediterranean. Bismarck had once said that when one is one amongst five powers, it is necessary to be "a trios". When Russia signed the Reinsurance Treaty, Germany was virtually "a quatre" among six powers.

  2. Was the ‘Liberal Internationalism’ espoused in 1919 destined to fail or merely a concept ...

    Although he was met like a hero by the crowds in France, the reception from the other major powers was luke-warm. Lloyd-George favored Wilson's ideas for national self determination and there was a general agreement that the secret diplomacy in the pre war period was a definite contributor to its

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work