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Why did the Munich Putsch fail?

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Introduction

Why did the Munich Putsch fail? The Munich Putsch was an attempt by Hitler's Nazi party to begin a revolution in Munich with the aim of bringing down the Weimar Republic of Germany. Hitler intended to take power by force. Hitler had planned for him and his storm troopers to march into the beer hall and take over force, but things didn't go to well for Hitler. The Putsch actually failed. Hitler's plan was to take over Germany by using force. The planning of the putsch was very poor. Hitler thought that many people would be on his side because he had General Ludendorff. Ludendorf was a World War 1 hero. Hitler had planned to start the revolution in Bavaria. ...read more.

Middle

After Lossow and Kahr promise loyalty to the putsch, Ludendorff allows them to leave. This was a very bad thing to do as it meant that the news had spread to Berlin very quickly and this gave them time to sort it. What Hitler should have done was take over the media (radio/newspapers) to stop the news travelling as quick. Hitler also failed to do what he said. In his speech at Burgerbraukeller on the 8th November 1923, Hitler said that the army and police barracks had been occupied, but they hadn't. On the 9th November President Ebert declared a national emergency because of treason in Munich. Lossow and Kahr then issue a proclamation denouncing the putsch. This showed that Hitler had allowed time for the opposition of the putsch to gather and go back on their promise to support him. ...read more.

Conclusion

Someone fired a shot, and police returned fire. Fourteen Nazis were killed, including the person next to Hitler. Most of the Nazis fell to the ground and took cover. Hitler dislocated his shoulder and he then runs off. Ludendorff continued to march up to the police, but he was soon arrested. A few days later Hitler was arrested. This shows poor planning of the putsch because Hitler had promised people that the police had been occupied. The timing was another reason why the putsch failed. The putsch took place on 8th November 1923. By 1923 Germany was over the worst effects of hyperinflation. Stressman had taken over as chancellor of Germany and he had already begun to have good contacts with other countries. He had managed to persuade big countries like the USA to lend Germany money to help them get over hyperinflation. Hitler had also over estimated the amount of support he would have. ...read more.

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