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Why did the Nazis come to power?

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Introduction

Vicki Thomson Why did the Nazis come to power? In January 1933, Hitler became chancellor of Germany, there are many reasons for him and the Nazis coming into power. They are long term and short-term cause, which can be classed under 3 main headings: weakness of opposition, strengths of Nazis and economic factors. The weaknesses of the opposition helped the Nazis come into power because Hitler took advantage of them. The failure of the Weimar government was a long-term reason. The government had been doomed from the start, when it took over from the Kaiser in 1918, it had many problems to face. Firstly, the Weimar was democratic, it believed the people should have a say in how their country was run. Many people felt that democracy was being forced upon them and they weren't used to it. The Weimar government was blamed for Germany's defeat in the war and especially for the problems created by the Treaty of Versailles. They became known as the "November Criminals" and many people including the army felt that they had been "stabbed in the back." They had to accept the post-war treaties and were hated by many Germans for the terms such as the war guilt clause, reparations and loss of territory etc. Germany suffered a post-war depression, thousands of people were starving, and a flu epidemic was killing thousands. ...read more.

Middle

They also held meetings in beer halls which later developed into huge rallies like the Nuremberg one and posters like the one opposite. Their methods tended to be different from other parties, they chose simple but clear slogans to get their aims across. This attracted people's attention. Ex-servicemen were given a job in the SA or SS, which appealed to many people in a time of unemployment. The SA headed by Rohm and the SS headed by Himmler helped to protect Nazi meetings and broke up meetings of the opposition. The SA attacked other political groups, which helped the Nazis into power by eliminating opposition. The Nazis had an advantage over their opponents, which helped them into power. They targeted specific groups of society and used different slogans and policies that would appeal to everyone. Their ideas included a mixture of racist, nationalist, socialist and anti-Semitic beliefs. Due to this, they had a wide background of support, which helped bring them into power. It wasn't just their effective propaganda campaign and the intimidation of the opposition, which brought them into power, many people were attracted to their beliefs and ideas too. Most of their ideas were written down in Hitler's book "Mein Kampf" or in the Nazi twenty-five-point programme. ...read more.

Conclusion

All the above reasons offer explanations as to why the Nazis came to power and there are many more. It is easy to argue which reason maybe the most important factor. For example, if the Weimar government wasn't so weak, the Nazis wouldn't have won so much support. If the Nazis hadn't run such an effective propaganda campaign their beliefs and ideas wouldn't have been so well known and attracted so many people. If the Nazi ideas weren't so appealing, people wouldn't have been attracted to them in the first place. Maybe if Von Papen and Hindenburg hadn't made Hitler chancellor he wouldn't have come into power, or maybe he would have. The main reason why Hitler came into power was because of the economic problems, which Germany was suffering from after the war. If there hadn't been any problems, then the people wouldn't have been so desperate to find a way out. They wouldn't have turned to extremist groups for the answers, and probably would have been happy under the democratic system. Evidence shows that there was an improvement in the 1920's of German life under Stresemann and they were beginning to recover, if it hadn't have been for the Wall Street crash, they probably would have recovered. The other reasons are not as important because on their own without the depression they probably would not have had such a big effect at all. ...read more.

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