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Why did the Nazis have little success before 1930?

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´╗┐Why did the Nazis have little success before 1930? Between 1924 and 1929, after the Munich Putsch in 1923, the Nazis had very little political success. After Hitler had completed his sentence of nine months in prison, he decided to try to feign power through the democratic system which was in place, and, once in power, to overthrow this system and restore Germany to a dictatorship. However, this new approach was not successful until the 1930's and the Nazi party had no electoral breakthrough - for many years it was the smallest party in the Reichstag, having even fewer seats than the Communists. One important factor in the Nazi's lack of success was the failure of the Munich Putsch. In the Munich Putsch, Hitler had attempted to take power and overthrow the government by force. The failed Putsch gave the Nazis the appearance of being violent revolutionaries and law-breakers. ...read more.


Also his racist ideas - that Aryans were a master race and all other races (especially Jews) were inferior - were unpopular with many people, as there were many Jews in Germany and anti-Semitism did not always gain support. The reputation of the Nazis and several of their policies also did not gain the support of many social classes. The middle class, who were worried about revolution, were more conservative and restrained and associated law-breaking with the Nazis and found Hitler too violent. The lower and working classes supported either Socialism or Communism. The Nazis were really seen as a small Bavarian party, only really having support in Munich, and lacking the funds to mount a proper campaign. In addition, it was commonly felt that if the party could not manage to take power in Munich, then they would not be successful in controlling the whole of Germany. ...read more.


The German people became better off, and were content with the system of the Weimar Republic, and so did not feel the need to vote for revolutionaries and extreme political solutions. All of these factors were important in the lack of success of the Nazi party before 1930, but I think that the most important factor was the strength of the Weimar republic during the period. This meant that there was no need for extremist parties such as the Nazi party, and so it was very difficult for them to gain support, as their fundamental policies were not as relevant as they were later, when Germany was gripped by hyperinflation and unemployment. However, although the Weimar government seemed to be doing well, there were many underlying problems and all it took was one tipping point to bring the entire government down and when the Wall Street Crash occurred, the Nazi party, having prepared themselves, were ready to swoop in and take power. Why did the Nazis have little success before 1930? ...read more.

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