• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the Nazis set fire to the Reichstag

Extracts from this document...


Why did the Nazis set fire to the Reichstag? It is clear that the Nazis had set fire to the Reichstag building, and there are various benefits which had motivated them for this action. Hitler had two aims, to win an overall majority in the Reichstag and to eliminate oppositions. The burning of the Reichstag could obtain both his aims and to act as part of their terror tactics to warn potential political opponent. The propaganda value brought by the burning of Reichstag is also beyond measure. It also provided the Nazis with maximum opportunity for media exposure. The Reichstag fire had also given Hitler a perfect opportunity to outwit Von Papen and other politician who had misjudge him and though they could easily control him. It had also provided Hitler an excuse to persuade President Hindenburg to pass the 'Decree for the Protection of people and state' and the 'Enable Act' which will both put Hitler and the Nazis in great position to compete in the forth coming election in March. However, some would argue that it was the communist who had set fire to the Reichstag since there was much evidence that shows it was a young communist Van der Lubbe who was the cause of the whole incidence. ...read more.


But unfortunately, they had simply under-estimated him. In order to seize control immediately, Hitler introduced policies to consolidate his position with the Reichstag and throughout the country. He had come to secure a parliamentary majority. Hitler had gained the support of the centre party, the Catholic group which constituted a significant voting alliance. He had done so by guaranteeing the Catholic group there interests and was to be protected. With their support now, the Nazis had the majority within the Reichstag and was able to pass the 'Enable Act' with 444 votes which gives them the power to destroy democracy within Germany and to remove the Reichstag's power and influence. And by out running the communist, the Nazis had now both the finance and the force to support their upcoming electoral campaign. These all provides them with great advantages against other parties in the next election. This all shows that through the Reichstag fire, Hitler had successfully get rid of their rivalry, the communist and they had effectively seized power in both the Reichstag and Germany. And the Reichstag fire had also gave Hitler an opportunity for to be well prepared for the upcoming election. ...read more.


Hitler is also now freed from dependence on his nationalist allies and gave his regime a legal basis for persecution, terrorism of all resistance and opposition. He is also able to introduce policies to consolidate his position within the Reichstag and the country. He aimed not to revolt against the State, but to take over State machinery and use it to make the Nazis 'revolution'. And by burning the Reichstag he could draw more support towards himself and the Nazis and hence takeover the Reichstag more easily. In conclusion, the Nazis set fire to the Reichstag building on the 27th February due to the wide variety of advantages it would gain from it. The fire not only acted as one of Hitler's stepping stones toward power, it also put Hitler in a good position to outrun other politicians and to show Hindenburg he is the one who should be trusted with the power. It was the illusion of the burning down of the Reichstag building, which gave the Nazis the support to crush their rival party, the KPD and create a one party dictatorship in the cabinet. The Propaganda gained from the fire had greatly benefited the Nazis reach for power. Hence the Nazis had set fire to the Reichstag building. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. What Role did the Reichstag Fire Play In Allowing Hitler to Consolidate his Power

    Hitler was now in a strong position. He formed a coalition with the DNVP and built concentration camps, such as Dachav for his political enemies. He had overcome the handicap that he started with- not having access to Article 48.

  2. Thr opposition of the Church.

    The three friends created the movement called late the Kreisau circle. Another men joined the circle soon after that: professor Adolf Reichwein -socialist philosopher, the priest Dr. Eugene Gerstenmaier, two jesuit priests: father delp and father Rocs, the priest Dr.

  1. IGCSE History Coursework Assignment B - Source Analysis of the Reichstag Fire

    If Hitler managed to get rid of the communist party, which he did later on, then he'd have more votes in the Reichstag and he is one step closer towards the fuhrer title. 5) Study Sources E, F, and G. Do sources E and G prove that Goering (Source F)

  2. Reichstag fire coursework assignments

    That night Goering's Prussian police arrested and imprisoned 4000 communist leaders. The next day he persuaded president Hinderburg to pass an emergency decree suspending all the articles in the constitution which guaranteed personal liberty, freedom of speech, and other freedom gadget's that could be used, through this it gave the

  1. History Coursework – the Reichstag Fire

    Hitler was so determined that the Nazi's were anything but a mad house. So this may be why the document was released in 1950. Also, it was after the World War - there were no longer any Nazis and the communists were in a minority.

  2. Studies of Sources from the Reichstag Fire - who was responsible?

    'No doubt' and 'panic' are stretches of the truth. Some elements of this report can be used as reliable pieces of information as some of the ideas mentioned in Source C were similar to those mentioned in A. For example, Rudolf Diels stated in Source A 'Goering sent orders that

  1. Analysis of the Sources on the Reichstag Fire.

    He thinks he can get away with anything due to the fact that Paul Von Hindenburg was on his side. Hindenburg is on his side because when Hitler became the new chancellor of Germany on his first day as chancellor, Hitler manipulated Hindenburg into dissolving the Reichstag and calling for

  2. Hitler and the Nazis - how the Nazis gained power and how they used ...

    They called this process Gleichschaultung and it was a deliberate attempt to "Nazify" Germany. Only people whom the Nazis could rely on, would remain in important jobs. The SA rebelled and used the first informal concentration camps, set up after the Reichstag fire, for prisoners of the Gleichschaultung whom they did not trust to the ordinary police.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work