• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the Nazis set fire to the Reichstag

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the Nazis set fire to the Reichstag? It is clear that the Nazis had set fire to the Reichstag building, and there are various benefits which had motivated them for this action. Hitler had two aims, to win an overall majority in the Reichstag and to eliminate oppositions. The burning of the Reichstag could obtain both his aims and to act as part of their terror tactics to warn potential political opponent. The propaganda value brought by the burning of Reichstag is also beyond measure. It also provided the Nazis with maximum opportunity for media exposure. The Reichstag fire had also given Hitler a perfect opportunity to outwit Von Papen and other politician who had misjudge him and though they could easily control him. It had also provided Hitler an excuse to persuade President Hindenburg to pass the 'Decree for the Protection of people and state' and the 'Enable Act' which will both put Hitler and the Nazis in great position to compete in the forth coming election in March. However, some would argue that it was the communist who had set fire to the Reichstag since there was much evidence that shows it was a young communist Van der Lubbe who was the cause of the whole incidence. ...read more.

Middle

But unfortunately, they had simply under-estimated him. In order to seize control immediately, Hitler introduced policies to consolidate his position with the Reichstag and throughout the country. He had come to secure a parliamentary majority. Hitler had gained the support of the centre party, the Catholic group which constituted a significant voting alliance. He had done so by guaranteeing the Catholic group there interests and was to be protected. With their support now, the Nazis had the majority within the Reichstag and was able to pass the 'Enable Act' with 444 votes which gives them the power to destroy democracy within Germany and to remove the Reichstag's power and influence. And by out running the communist, the Nazis had now both the finance and the force to support their upcoming electoral campaign. These all provides them with great advantages against other parties in the next election. This all shows that through the Reichstag fire, Hitler had successfully get rid of their rivalry, the communist and they had effectively seized power in both the Reichstag and Germany. And the Reichstag fire had also gave Hitler an opportunity for to be well prepared for the upcoming election. ...read more.

Conclusion

Hitler is also now freed from dependence on his nationalist allies and gave his regime a legal basis for persecution, terrorism of all resistance and opposition. He is also able to introduce policies to consolidate his position within the Reichstag and the country. He aimed not to revolt against the State, but to take over State machinery and use it to make the Nazis 'revolution'. And by burning the Reichstag he could draw more support towards himself and the Nazis and hence takeover the Reichstag more easily. In conclusion, the Nazis set fire to the Reichstag building on the 27th February due to the wide variety of advantages it would gain from it. The fire not only acted as one of Hitler's stepping stones toward power, it also put Hitler in a good position to outrun other politicians and to show Hindenburg he is the one who should be trusted with the power. It was the illusion of the burning down of the Reichstag building, which gave the Nazis the support to crush their rival party, the KPD and create a one party dictatorship in the cabinet. The Propaganda gained from the fire had greatly benefited the Nazis reach for power. Hence the Nazis had set fire to the Reichstag building. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. What Role did the Reichstag Fire Play In Allowing Hitler to Consolidate his Power

    Hitler was now in a strong position. He formed a coalition with the DNVP and built concentration camps, such as Dachav for his political enemies. He had overcome the handicap that he started with- not having access to Article 48.

  2. The Reichstag Fire-Coursework B

    The ones written around 1933(like B and D) were likely to be biased as people had a lot to lose and gain from the outcome of the fire. E.g. winning more votes to win the election. The sources written around 1945(like A and F) were also likely to be biased, as it was the time of the Nuremberg trials.

  1. IGCSE History Coursework Assignment B - Source Analysis of the Reichstag Fire

    Halder claimed that he was not involved with the plot at all. If what he said was true and if Hitler was still alive in 1946, then it's not surprising that he'd want revenge on Hitler. Source G was a confession from Karl Ernst of the SA.

  2. Studies of Sources from the Reichstag Fire - who was responsible?

    the Reichstag' which agrees with Source E making it seem more reliable. It also says is Source H Goering used 'the underground passage leading from his house to the Reichstag' similarly to where it says 'a passage from the President's Palace'.

  1. History Coursework – the Reichstag Fire

    The source does reflect the view that Communists where responsible for the fire after all, and the writer does not suggest the responsibility of the Nazi party for the fire even though he draws suspicion by saying how quick Goering and Hitler where to arrive on the scene and how easily they blamed the Communists.

  2. Hitler and the Nazis - how the Nazis gained power and how they used ...

    Rohm the leader of the SA was gaining power in the Nazi regime and the SS, Hitler´┐Żs bodyguard leaded by Himmler was put under Rohm's command. Hitler takes action against the SA: Provocations and accusations increased the tension between the SA and the regular army through 1934.

  1. Modern World History Coursework - Reichstag Sourcework

    This tells us that the creator of both sources should have had approximately the same amounts of information concerning the incident available to them. The first surface similarity is that both sources actually physically show the Reichstag parliament building covered in flames, whether it is in the background of source C, or the foreground of source D.

  2. Interpretations of the Reichstag Fire.

    In the other hand, we have other sources suggesting that the Nazis were implicated in the fire, Source E for example shows General Franz telling that on Hitler's birthday three years before, Goring said "The only one who really knows about the Reichstag building is I, for I set fire

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work