• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the Nazis set fire to the Reichstag

Extracts from this document...


Why did the Nazis set fire to the Reichstag? It is clear that the Nazis had set fire to the Reichstag building, and there are various benefits which had motivated them for this action. Hitler had two aims, to win an overall majority in the Reichstag and to eliminate oppositions. The burning of the Reichstag could obtain both his aims and to act as part of their terror tactics to warn potential political opponent. The propaganda value brought by the burning of Reichstag is also beyond measure. It also provided the Nazis with maximum opportunity for media exposure. The Reichstag fire had also given Hitler a perfect opportunity to outwit Von Papen and other politician who had misjudge him and though they could easily control him. It had also provided Hitler an excuse to persuade President Hindenburg to pass the 'Decree for the Protection of people and state' and the 'Enable Act' which will both put Hitler and the Nazis in great position to compete in the forth coming election in March. However, some would argue that it was the communist who had set fire to the Reichstag since there was much evidence that shows it was a young communist Van der Lubbe who was the cause of the whole incidence. ...read more.


But unfortunately, they had simply under-estimated him. In order to seize control immediately, Hitler introduced policies to consolidate his position with the Reichstag and throughout the country. He had come to secure a parliamentary majority. Hitler had gained the support of the centre party, the Catholic group which constituted a significant voting alliance. He had done so by guaranteeing the Catholic group there interests and was to be protected. With their support now, the Nazis had the majority within the Reichstag and was able to pass the 'Enable Act' with 444 votes which gives them the power to destroy democracy within Germany and to remove the Reichstag's power and influence. And by out running the communist, the Nazis had now both the finance and the force to support their upcoming electoral campaign. These all provides them with great advantages against other parties in the next election. This all shows that through the Reichstag fire, Hitler had successfully get rid of their rivalry, the communist and they had effectively seized power in both the Reichstag and Germany. And the Reichstag fire had also gave Hitler an opportunity for to be well prepared for the upcoming election. ...read more.


Hitler is also now freed from dependence on his nationalist allies and gave his regime a legal basis for persecution, terrorism of all resistance and opposition. He is also able to introduce policies to consolidate his position within the Reichstag and the country. He aimed not to revolt against the State, but to take over State machinery and use it to make the Nazis 'revolution'. And by burning the Reichstag he could draw more support towards himself and the Nazis and hence takeover the Reichstag more easily. In conclusion, the Nazis set fire to the Reichstag building on the 27th February due to the wide variety of advantages it would gain from it. The fire not only acted as one of Hitler's stepping stones toward power, it also put Hitler in a good position to outrun other politicians and to show Hindenburg he is the one who should be trusted with the power. It was the illusion of the burning down of the Reichstag building, which gave the Nazis the support to crush their rival party, the KPD and create a one party dictatorship in the cabinet. The Propaganda gained from the fire had greatly benefited the Nazis reach for power. Hence the Nazis had set fire to the Reichstag building. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. The Reichstag Fire

    That was only the beginning of one of his great ideas. To begin with very few Germans could be persuaded to join the nazi party, however in the years of 1929-33, inflation and unemployment re occurred and it was now Hitler's chance to shine again.

  2. What Role did the Reichstag Fire Play In Allowing Hitler to Consolidate his Power

    Hitler was now in a strong position. He formed a coalition with the DNVP and built concentration camps, such as Dachav for his political enemies. He had overcome the handicap that he started with- not having access to Article 48.

  1. IGCSE History Coursework Assignment B - Source Analysis of the Reichstag Fire

    was telling lies? Source E and G prove that Source F was not true. Sources E and G both state that Goering was highly involved with plotting the Reichstag Fire. However, we must look beyond the text to evaluate whether the sources are purely true.

  2. Thr opposition of the Church.

    General Tresckow's and other plotters often made allusions to the cosmic battle of Good and Evil in explaining their motivations. Many of the conspirators were attempting to show "another Germany."

  1. History Coursework – the Reichstag Fire

    On the other hand, the first account could be more reliable as it was written after the trial and the writer had time to reflect on the events, whereas sources written at the time would be written as the events were still happening and may not have included all the facts.

  2. Studies of Sources from the Reichstag Fire - who was responsible?

    Source D was written by Sefton Delmer, a British journalist, in his book 'The Germans and I' and Source E is from a book called 'The Voice of Destruction' written by a German, Hermann Rauschning. Source D could be perceived as reliable.

  1. Hitler and the Nazis - how the Nazis gained power and how they used ...

    They called this process Gleichschaultung and it was a deliberate attempt to "Nazify" Germany. Only people whom the Nazis could rely on, would remain in important jobs. The SA rebelled and used the first informal concentration camps, set up after the Reichstag fire, for prisoners of the Gleichschaultung whom they did not trust to the ordinary police.

  2. Modern World History Coursework - Reichstag Sourcework

    Numerous times he states his opinions as if they are actual fact, when actually they are merely based on his interpretation of minor details such as facial expression. An example of these assumptions is when Rudolf Diels claims that 'There was a wild triumphant gleam in they eyes of his

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work