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Why did the Nazis treatment of the Jews change from 1939-45?

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Introduction

Why did the Nazis treatment of the Jews change from 1939-45? Husain Fazel 11Wy Hitler and the Nazi party managed to kill six million Jews throughout Europe by the end of 1945. This systematic process of killing between the years 1939 and 1945 is known as the holocaust. There were five key issues that led to the Wansee conference that took place in 1942 before the Nazi's decided upon the "final solution to the Jewish problem. These events included the outbreak of World War II, Hitler's personal agenda against the Jewish population, the rise and power of the SS and the failures of other solutions put forward to "get rid" of the Jewish problem. The start of the war in 1939, robbed the Jews of what little protection they had. The threat of sanctions being imposed on Germany by other nations as a result of any attempt by the Nazi party to publicly put into practise any anti-Semitic activities no longer mattered as Germany did not care what other nations thought of it during wartime. There would be no interference from other countries and with the attention of the world focused on the war; the Nazi's could eliminate the Jews in the background, away from public attention. The war also meant that the Jewish problem the Nazi's had on their hand was increasing as they conquered more and more lands. ...read more.

Middle

The Ghettos were places that completely isolated the Jews from the rest of the world and guards were posted to make sure there were no escapees. A special permit was required to exit the Ghettos. The conditions in the Ghettos were harsh and many died through outbreaks of disease or starvation. Those that didn't were forced into extreme hard labour as slaves. It was expected that they (the Jews) would die from this strenuous labour, thus a solution to the problem. The ghettos were riddled with poverty and overcrowding. Below is an extract from a description of a Ghetto by a holocaust survivor - "They would extract some work from us, squeeze the last drop of blood from our veins, and then finally discard the useless bodies." The quote illustrates the depravity that the Nazi's committed upon the Jews. Whilst ideas like the above mentioned Madagascar plan was being formulated, events in Poland were setting a precedent of things to come. Germany's swift conquering of Eastern Europe placed literally millions of Jews in their control, a problem that needed to be solved immediately. It was then that the Nazi's first began their torrid wave of genocide. As the German army progressed through Eastern Europe, the Einsatzgruppen (a group, which was part of the SS as mentioned earlier) ...read more.

Conclusion

It was there and then that the "Final Solution to the Jewish Problem" was decided. This is seen as key turning point in Nazi policy towards the Jews. By this point had tried out many different methods, none of them had worked. The Wansee conference marked the devising of a plan that would culminate in the mass extermination of the Jews. The Final Solution involved the earlier experiment of gassing, only on a larger scale with more modern technology. The first camps were built in Poland. They served as large gas chambers. Jews were told to undress and enter, expecting to be showered, however once they entered they were locked up and gas was pumped into the chambers. Within minutes the Jews were killed and could be disposed off. Camps were built in Belzec, which killed 500,000 victims, at sobibor where 200,000 Jews died and also at Auschwithz, the most popular of all the camps in which more than a million Jews were killed! It seems the Wansee conference was the biggest turning point in the change of policy. The Nazis had tried many different methods before settling on the Final Solution, which was the most efficient solution to their problem. With the aide of propaganda, Hitler was able to pull of mass murder and genocide under the noses of the German public who felt no remorse for the wasting of human lives that went on in their back gardens. The holocaust progressed during the years 1939-45, leading to the treatment of Jews worsening. ...read more.

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