• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why Did The Plains Indians Lose Control Of The Plains

Extracts from this document...


Why did the Indians lose control of the plains? Although there are many vital causes which contributed to the Indians demise, it is beyond ability to determine the most important. Some of these factors are considered to be more significant than others. Each of the reasons or factors range in both strength and importance, starting from the end of the American civil war to the discovery of gold found in Colorado and Montana in the late 1850's. The primary cause as to why the Indians were defeated was due to the development of homesteading, which quickly became a vast problem for the land which was once occupied by the Indians. Homesteaders Is the name given to the people which undertook the journey of moving across America for a new life on the plains. Before the homesteaders first arrived at the Great Plains, the land had been used for buffalo pasture and was part of what the Indians considered to be not only their home but also hunting land. Once the homesteaders became accustomed to the living conditions of the Plains, fights began to break out between them and the Indians. Which in effect cut down the Plains Indians land and lost their chance of regaining it back to they way it used to be. ...read more.


They were then banned from leaving the reservations at any time, and so forth the government had taken away their power to resist. These two causes are linked together, because if the US government hadn't of decided to be in favour of the homesteaders, then no reservations would have been set up in the first place. Enabling the Indians to win back what land was rightly theirs before hand. As soon as the government received any confirmation of conflict, the US army would have been sent in to help control the attacks. The US army were far too powerful for the Indians, which made it very challenging for them to fight back. The system of forts gave the US army bases total authority in which to control the Great Plains and the people living on them, i.e. the Indians, homesteaders and/or miners. The introduction of such strategies would have suspended any of the Indian tactics and would have prevented them from being able to fight the army on equal terms. Usually the Indians always appeared to be less armed than the army as a whole; every soldier which was involved was either armed with a rifle or a Gatling gun which looking back at the event would now seem extremely unfair. ...read more.


The last main reason that saw the collapse of the Indians was the American 'Manifest Destiny'. Most of the American population believed that it was their Manifest Destiny to occupy the whole of the continent from one side of America to the other. This is almost a justification or almost a cover up which led to the way they treated the Plains Indians so badly. It also lay behind the mistreatment of other ethnic groups at the time too. 'Manifest Destiny' was an important reason because it was almost seen as the American's guide or a task which had to be seen through. However the reasons such as the arrival of the Homesteaders and the discovery of the gold mines are more primary causes, where as the rest are more secondary causes. All the reasons above each contributed in someway to the downfall of the Indians living on the Great Plains. Without one the other wouldn't have happened, each one of the reasons is linked in one way or another. Overall I think that the most significant reason was the development of homesteading. This is because once homesteaders had moved onto the Plains; conflict broke out between them and the Indians causing the rest of the reasons to take place. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE History Projects section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE History Projects essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Why did the Native Americans lose the battle for the plains?

    This meant that all action to stop the onset of whites was either made by individual tribes or small groups of tribes, never by the whole Indian community. The fact that all of the tribes were so different, with various beliefs, religions etc meant that they would be unwilling to

  2. Free essay

    Why did the native americans lose the plains wars

    Although there were reservations, the Californian gold rush in 1848 made many white men trespass into the reservations secretly. This became a problem because some men started to look for gold in the Black Hills. This was the end of the Treaty of Fort Laramie and a Sioux Chief said, "If we make peace, you will not keep it".

  1. How was the way of life of the Plains Indians suited to the Great ...

    This was simply because they were too slow and the survival of the band was more important than one individuals life. The old people understood that this was necessary because it was for the good of the whole tribe. The old people were very loyal and so they cared more about the band than themselves.

  2. What were the causes of Indian Independencein 1947, and was partition inevitable?

    and many Muslims in the Punjab, and many massacres took place as fights raged between the Hindus and Muslims. Crossings over the border were not peaceful and over 1.5 million people died crossing the border. By 15th August 1947 the British officially ended rule in India and the declaration of Pakistan and India's independence occurred.

  1. There are many reasons why the Indians lost the struggle for the Great Plains. ...

    This usually led to military intervention by the army. Obviously this would create more bad feelings to white men from the Indians. The gold rush only lasted so long. However, soon people went west to actually settle on the plains. Encouraged by the government, with mass advertising and good deals, thousands of people emigrated to the West.

  2. 'Law and Order in the American West'

    Prostitutes: Men, who worked in mining towns, usually squandered their day's earnings in a few short hours drinking and gambling in prostitute filled saloons. These prostitutes were regularly available at these saloons. A very prominent problem in early towns in the west was violence, this included crimes of passion (rape etc...)

  1. Arab-Israeli Conflict

    This now made them stronger. Once again, the Israeli approach was a key factor to their triumph. They attacked Egypt quickly from their air and destroyed many airplanes. This meant they had total domination in the skies. All they had to concentrate on was the fighting on land.

  2. The Panchayat system as an early form of conflict resolution in Trinidad.

    In order to survive many Indians began to drift away from the land and settle in the urban centres of San Fernando, Port-of- Spain and Arima in the hope of acquiring jobs. The 1946 census revealed that the number of Indians in urban areas had doubled since 1931.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work