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Why did the Provisional Government fail?

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Why did the Provisional Government fail? When Tsar Nicholas II abdicated the throne in March 1917 it appeared to Europe that Russia was finally heading on the right track. Russian people thought that it was Russia's time of change - many people wanting reform and democracy. A Provisional Government set up by the old Duma, acting as a democracy took over and tried to create a western style society. However this democratic government led by Alexander Kerensky lasted for only seven months at the end of which the Bolsheviks led by Lenin and Trotsky seized power. It may seem strange that the Russian people turned against their government even though their wishes of democracy were answered. So why did the Provisional Government fail? There are many reasons why the Provisional Government fell. ...read more.


Lenin and other political opponents of the Tsarist Russia did not care that Nicholas the II was gone, they wanted more reform and the Provisional Government weren't going to stop them. Kerensky made a big mistake by keeping Russia in the war. Russia itself was already war torn and was suffering from the losses. Not only did the war affect the people economically and physically. People were mentally tired and fed up of hearing about great losses. People wanted change which the Provisional Government weren't providing. This was where the Bolsheviks came in; they came with their slogans, promises and propaganda. They promised Russian people all the Provisional Government could not - Peace, Bread and Land. Inevitably this was an war of propaganda and politics that the Provisional Government could not win. ...read more.


This was where Kerensky and his government loss the support of the upper and middle classes who he failed to protect. They expected him to restore order and peace however by this time the real power for this lay in the Petrograd soviet of which had taken control of the main city, Petrograd. Even due to the control that the Petrograd Soviet had people still blamed the Provisional Government for the lack of change. As well as this, Kerensky mistakenly armed the Bolsheviks and the Petrograd Soviet when trying to defend from General Kornilov and his attempted military coup. This was the last straw of hope for Kerensky and his democratic government. Losing the support of the army and its leaders was the main short term cause of downfall. And whhen it came down to the actual revolution, the Provisional Government had no troops to defend itself. ...read more.

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