• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the Right Wing fail in its threat to the Weimar Republic in the years 1918-1923?

Extracts from this document...


Why did the Right Wing fail in its threat to the Weimar Republic in the years 1918-1923? In 1918 the German Republic was viewed in a bad light by the German public for signing the Treaty of Versailles, and for surrendering to the Allies. After the signing of the Treaty of Versailles extremism set about in Germany. In 1918- 1919 a Marxist revolution had been prevented and many left-wing party leaders were murdered. Left-wing uprisings continued but Germany did not succumb to Communism, the forces of reaction and strident nationalism recovered and emerged by 1920 as the most potent enemies of the Republic. The Republic had made the German people believe they were winning and could have won the war. This and the Treaty of Versailles signing aggravated the German public the most. One quote by Fritz Ernst, a German historian, shows this "We believe that it is the stab in the back alone that had prevented a German victory. We were convinced that one could be patriotic only on the rightist side." The Republic was under constant pressure by many Right Wing parties, these included the DNVP and the NSDAP (later became the Nazi party) The DNVP were founded in November of 1918, this at first was the only available political party for Right Wing activists. ...read more.


This led to poor results but the party did have some hidden strengths. Many of the NSDAP supporters did not understand the change and thought the party had changed policies and were unhappy about this. But Hitler and his propaganda ministers made the supporters realise they were only changing tactics and not policies. In 1920-1926, H. von Seeckt, chief of Army Command, thought that the army should be an apolitical body, preserving its traditions above the hurly-burly of party rivalry. In 1919 the actions of the German Army (Reichswehr), and how it refused to act against the Freikorps in the Kapp Putsch, clearly showed that its attitude toward the government was merely tepid. In the words of J.W. Hiden it 'would tolerate the Republic for the time being in its own interests'. Because Ebert was unwilling to sanction far-reaching revolutionary changes, he was reliant on the old army to keep order. Few officers wished to co-operate closely with the Republic but there were some e.g. Reinhardt. The Kapp Putsch of March 1920, was a Right Wing uprising that triggered many Left Wing uprisings across Germany. Reinhardt was obedient to the wishes of the Republic but when Hans Von Seeckt replaced Reinhardt as Head of Army Command, it was clear the mass of the troops were politically neutral and simply obedient. ...read more.


Hyperinflation hit Germany and affected the German public very badly. The German mark plummeted in value against the Pound and the Franc. This affected the reparations Germany had to pay and led to the French occupation of the mining district the Ruhr. This did not affect all of Germany badly as the farmers and landowners did not suffer from the inflation. Gustav Stresemann was seen as a strong Chancellor and managed to stop hyperinflation in Germany by appointing a new President of the Reichsbank (Bank of Germany) from December 1923. This man, Schacht, introduced a new currency in Germany called the Rentenmark. Hitler did not like the fact that hyperinflation had been controlled because he knew that the German public would only vote for an extremist party in a time of crisis. The Weimar Republic seemed to have the hatred of the country set against it however this was not the case. The two things the German people hated the most was, the Treaty of Versailles and the Allies, for making Germany sign the Treaty. The Right Wing parties, the Nazis, did not manage to gain power in these years so therefore the Republic did survive. Yet the threat from the Right Wing was not yet totally abolished. "Confidence in the political and economic system of the country was seriously, possibly even fatally undermined." Historian Henig is saying that then Wing threat had damaged the Republic beyond all expectations and in the long run the Republic were unable to recover from it. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Weimar, 1918 - 1923

    * The people could demand a referendum if 10% of the population were to petition for it. e. Real 'Revolution'? AJ Nicholls "The revolution had provided Germany with an armistice and a Republic. It was clear that her new political institutions would be genuinely democratic in a sense they had never been before."

  2. Why did the Weimar Republic survive the crisis of 1918 – 1923?

    Inflation is good for growth! Winners were those who owed money and were able to pay off debts in devalued currency, tenant farmers could keep the family alive on their goods and buy the farm for themselves, landlords could buy more real estate from the na�ve and desperate, and entrepreneurs could exploit cheap credit and inflated profits to create large industrial companies, (e.g.

  1. Why was the Weimar republic attacked by both the political left and the political ...

    The fourth reason was the left was angry at Weimar for its favoured treatment of the right wing supporters. The right wing was made up of people from the army, Junkers and the judiciaries. When the right wing conducted the kapp putsch the left wing was unprotected by Weimar as

  2. Describe the problems faced by the Weimar Republic during 1918-1923.

    They did this in a hall called the Hall of Mirrors. They redrew the map of Europe to suit their needs and they set up their demands. Their demands were probably the main reason for all the problems the Weimar Republic experienced during the next four years.

  1. Munich Putsch 1923 - Sources Questions

    Hitler felt the Government had 'betrayed Germany' by signing this treaty and would have rather gone back to war than to of signed the treaty. Like the 'Stab in the back' theory this was another one of the reasons that started Hitler's Ambitions.

  2. What problems did the Weimar Republic face from 1919 to 1923, and why did ...

    The Rhineland declared independence (21-22 October). c. In Saxony and Thuringia the Communists took power. 5. Munich Putsch On 8-9 November 1923, Hitler's Nazis tried to take control of Bavaria (the Munich Putsch). How did the Weimar Republic survive its problems 1919-1924?

  1. Was the Weimar Government destined to fail?

    People who had respect and pride for the Kaiser and the system which had been so good to them, and would continue to uphold the values of that system. This constitution was truly flawed; it appeared to set new progressive ideals, however the foundations of the old system were kept causing more confusion and disruption than good.

  2. How far was the Kapp Putsch the major reason for instability between 1919 and ...

    The Invasion of the Ruhr ï strikes, printed more banknotes to pay workers ï hyperinflation , which began with a lack of money, and inability to pay off the reparations, and also because Germany were unable to attack and evict the French Troops because of their ‘severely cute’[3] army ï also due to the terms of the Treaty.)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work