• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the Suez Canal crisis of 1956 take place?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Question 2. Why did the Suez Canal crisis of 1956 take place? Answer. There were various reasons for the start of the Suez Canal Crisis in 1956. One of the foremost reasons for the war the nationalization of the Suez Canal this canal represented a main source for oil for the Britain and France. Another important reason was the Arab-Israeli rivalry which had reached a peak after the 1948/49 war, the Arabs wanted revenge due to the loss of war. A separate reason was that Egypt had closed the canal for any Israeli ships and vessels. An additional cause of the crisis was Nasser's continued attempts to frustrate and anger the British through various different methods. The western powers decision to cancel the Aswan dam building loan was another source for the start of the crisis. Of course the continued attacks by the Fedayeen had a far reaching effect on Israel. A small reason would also be Russia supplying arms and planes to Egypt, even going to extents of sending trained military personnel to train the Egyptian armed forces. ...read more.

Middle

"Egypt has decided to dispatch her heroes, the disciples of pharaoh and the sons of Islam and they will cleanse the Land of Israel. ... There will be no peace on Israel's border because we demand vengeance, and vengeance is Israel's death." 2 These are the exact words used by Nasser in his speech after the nationalization of the Canal. These strong words proved and revealed that the Arabs were willing to go to any extent to gain revenge against the Israelis and eradicate them from the face of Middle Eastern map. A further cause of concern for the Israelis was the Fedayeen. They had killed more than 300 families in Israel by infiltrating to Israel from borders and committing acts of murder and sabotage. A reason worth mentioning for a cause of the war was the refugee crisis. Since 1948 the numbers of Palestinian refugees was increasing and they had become a liability to many Arab nations such as Syria, Egypt and Jordan. The Arabs were determined to get the land back and put these refugees back to their former homes. ...read more.

Conclusion

The two nations were angry at the nationalization of the Canal and came together to battle the Egyptians. The tensions caused by Arab boycott of Israel trade from Suez Canal was another cause of the war. As it was a hassle for the Israeli's to do trade without the help of the Suez Canal due to the increased journey time. This was the first war where external influence played a major part. This war also became a ground for the cold war between the US and the Soviets. In the end this war became a battle ground between the British and France against the Soviets as both played a big role in this war. By the end of the war Israel had managed to procure a cease fire for a few years but it had just added fuel to the ever increasing rivalry between the Arabs and the Israelis. This war was largely won by the Israel by the help of the superpowers Britain and France who supplied arms and added military support to the Israelis. 1 "Suez crisis summary." Bookrags. Wikipedia. Web. 2 Dec. 2009. <www.bookrags.com>. 2 "The Suez war of 1956." Virtual library. 2009 American-Israeli cooperative Enterprise. Web. 02 Dec. 2009. <www.jewishvirtuallibrary.com>. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. Arab Israeli Conflict

    and no effects have taken place, it is fair for them to commit to terrorism. But the World's politics is unable to see this. From 1979 to 2005, there were three peace treaties which were signed by Israel. Considering these three were signed by the Israelis, first impressions would think;

  2. Suez Crisis

    was split since Eden had left them in the dark about the vital facts about Suez including the secret meeting between France Israel and Britain and had made this decision by himself. In conclusion from the sources and my own knowledge I know that the majority of the public supported

  1. Suez Canal Crisis

    Also the countries Economy could greatly plummet if Nasser were to do so. In Sir Anthony Eden's eyes Colonel Nasser was an unforgiving dictator very much like Adolf Hitler and since Sir Eden had followed the Prime Minister Winston Churchill who had just defeated the Germans in WWII he felt

  2. Question 2. Explain why the rest of the World is so interested in the ...

    This was never set up. The UK recognized the de facto control of Israel and Jordan, but not control. In 1967, Israel occupied East Jerusalem, which the UK considers an illegal military occupation. Arab Nations frequently present the Arab-Israeli conflict as a religious conflict of the Muslims against the Jews.

  1. Suez crisis 03 coarsework source evaluation

    Source B shows a photograph of Colonel Nasser taken during the Suez Crisis surrounded by cheering crowds; this would appear to show that his people were very happy with his handling of affairs. But the fact that source B is a photograph means that it cannot be truly reliable.

  2. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    This drain of people could threaten the collapse of USSR?s control over their zone. Another key feature was that Khrushchev wanted western troops out of Berlin as it was within his zone. He worried that the western troops could use this opportunity for subversion or espionage.

  1. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    USA - 1950's - Dwight Eisenhower preferred as President because of strong military leadership in WW2 - 1970s - Jimmy Carter was not relected because he was perceived as weak in foreign policy USSR - Stalin took over Eastern countries because Russia was so weak after WW2 - 1960'S -

  2. Edexcel Cold War 1943-1991 Revision (Detailed)

    US Involvement pushed the Soviet Union and Castro closer. The end of 1961 meant that Castro declared his allegiance to communism. 2. By 1961 there were Soviet military advisors stationed in Cuba. 3. Concerned by the Turkish and Greek missiles base, Cuba started (1962)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work