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Why did the Tsar abdicate in March, 1917?

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Introduction

Why did the Tsar abdicate in March, 1917? Tsar Nicholas II was an autocrat who had complete power of the Russian state. Russia had over 16 nationalities and very poor lines of communication; roads were mud tracks and there was only one railway line. The Tsar being an autocratic leader, meaning he had to rule the whole of Russia alone, the geographic and industrial state of Russia made it a very difficult country to rule. The Tsar was greatly respected by his people and he had total control. Although respected, things changed for the Tsar in 1917. Many events that took place while he was the Tsar explain the reasons for his abdication in March, 1917, the reasons for which the Tsar was finally overthrown. Workers within Russia were treated to terrible conditions in both residence and work within factories. They were forced to live in overcrowded barracks, often having to assign shifts to beds due to lack of space. ...read more.

Middle

This could have been an eye opener for some peasants and workers as Marx believed that a society in which proletariats rule should be developed. The ideology of an equal state would have appealed to the peasants and workers who had enough of the aristocracy within Russia and wanted to be treated equally. Marxism conflicted with the ideas of religion whereas the Tsar was supposedly the 'man of God'. Due to the spread of Marxism, revolutions began to take place that adopted those beliefs - so the abdication of the Tsar was eventually inevitable. Besides that, workers and peasants were getting fed up of being treated badly by the aristocrats. The Tsar himself could have possibly been the reason for his own abdication. He left Russia to lead the army on the frontline with hope to improve the techniques of the war front. However, this was not the best decision to take as any defeats would have been blamed on the Tsar. ...read more.

Conclusion

The March 1917 Revolution was the trigger cause of the abdication because by this point, the population of Russia had enough and turned to the Bolsheviks for support. I think the long term causes of the abdication were the situation before the war, the economic, political and social causes. Industry and agriculture was terrible, conditions of the working class were appalling and the Tsar had promised free speech through the Duma whereas the Duma proved to be useless. The Tsar himself was said not to be ready to become a ruler, which was possibly true as he did not do a very good job of it. He had hired the Okhrana (secret police) to ensure everything worked out to his advantage. From the information, I have formed the opinion that the Tsar did not really do much to gain the support of his people, nor did he improve the situation of Russia, which made him extremely unpopular. This reason went hand in hand with the various weak decisions of the Tsar to lead only to his abdication. ?? ?? ?? ?? Gul-e-Raana Afzal 12t1 History - Mr Gillespie. ...read more.

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