• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the Tsar fall from power?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the Tsar fall from power? Anna Bidmead 10s.3 In 1917, Russia had been under Romanov rule for 304 years and although many people were unhappy about the situation, the prospect of change had seemed remote. However, on March 2, Tsar Nicholas signed an act of abdication, which effectively ended autocratic rule in Russia. There were many long-term and short-term causes which eventually lead to the downfall of the Tsar and put pressure on him to abdicate, including food and fuel shortages, cold weather, strikes, rationing, poor economy and bad working living conditions. The Tsarist system meant that the Tsar had complete autocratic rule. He was the head of the state and had control over the Russian Orthodox Church. All the important decisions were made in St. Petersburg, without the consultation of the people of Russia. Communication in Russia was very poor as it was such a vast country and the Tsar was completely out of touch with his people. Nearly 90% of people were peasants, working with the most basic tools. ...read more.

Middle

In July 1914 Russia entered the First World War on the side of France and Britain, fighting Germany and Austria-Hungary. This outbreak of war at first helped the Tsar. Initially, all the social classes rallied together and wanted to help the Tsar and looked to him for leadership, but then after their first defeat at Tannenburg, everything changed after the Tsar began to make some fatal mistakes. In August 1915, the Tsar left Petrograd to command the Russian army. He therefore received the blame personally for all their defeats and lost control of his troops as he left Russia under the rule of the Tsarina and Rasputin. The Russian army was undersized and poorly equipped as Russia had little finances for a war. Russia was doing badly in the war, and the Tsar was being blamed. Meanwhile, Russia was left under control of the Tsarina and Rasputin, who heavily influenced her. The Russians trusted neither of them, as the Tsarina was German and Rasputin was despised for his rebellious background and the rumours surrounding him. ...read more.

Conclusion

All this was made even worse by the long-term war. From this account on the events of the First World War we can see that strikes and food shortages were brought on by the war. Without it, the opposition parties would have not had such a great impact on Russia. Also, the Tsar would not have made those fatal mistakes he made in commanding the army. War helped all the Russian people realise that a complete reform in the practices and lives of the Russians was needed. Prices of goods were constantly rising but wages were not going up at all. Families were distraught and workers asked for more hours to make end meet. Peasants were constricted into the army, which meant fewer workers that caused food shortages and a drop in the living standards of the peasants. Without the war, these things would have carried on getting more and more out of control. We can see that the main triggers of the Russian 1917 revolution were brought on by the war, or made worse because of it. Nicholas knew there that Russia would do better in the war if he abdicated. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Why did the Tsarist regime fall in 1917?

    working class and peasants suffering at the bottom of Russia's social pyramid. Another contributing factor was the middle-classes frustration at their lack of power. They did not live in a democracy and wanted some say in how their country was run.

  2. The fall of Tsarism in Russia.

    The Tsarist government was worried that this might set a precedent for the future, so that the Russian people may use force, disorder or violence to challenge the Tsar. This also indicates that Russia had entered a new era. However with the October Manifesto, the Tsar had acted in bad

  1. Why did the tsar fall from power in 1917?

    In addition, people starved, not because of shortage of food, but the fact that most of it was left to rot on the railway track or in the trains during transit. The war made things worse there were severe food shortages in the year leading up to the 1917 Revolution, There was not enough food at too high a price.

  2. The blance sheet for russia.

    They speculate on it, they work upon it by a demagogy which nothing can stop." (Quoted in J. Reed, op. cit., p. 298, my emphasis.) It is impossible to understand what happened in 1917 without seeing the fundamental role of the masses.

  1. How far was military defeat responsible for the fall (abdication) of the Tsar in ...

    However, when they reached the Palace they were shot at by troops and police who were guarding the Palace and nearly 200 marchers died. This was known as Bloody Sunday and set off nation-wide strikes and protests and assassinations, particularly in the industrialised areas of Russia.

  2. Why Was The Tsar Forced To Abdicate?

    However in spite of his complete control there was still opposition to his rule. There were three main parties opposed to Tsarist rule; they were the Liberals, Social Revolutionaries and Social Democrats. The Liberals were middle-class, educated Russians, such as doctors, lawyers and teachers.

  1. What caused the Romanov Dynasty to fall? Explain the fall and decline of the ...

    By 1900, Russia had about 2 500 000 urban workers. They lived in unhygienic, poorly built, and overcrowded factory dormitories, which did not even have running water or sewerage systems. The workers gained poor wages and had no trade unions to fight for them, as this was illegal.

  2. The fall of Tsarism

    This granted freedom of conscience, speech, meeting and association. He also promised that in future people would not be imprisoned without trial. Finally he announced that no law would become operative without the approval of a new organization called the Duma. There were many different Duma's yet none worked effectively.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work